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Title: Magic discovery of very high energy emission from the FSRQ PKS 1222+21

Abstract

Very high energy (VHE) γ-ray emission from the flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) PKS 1222+21 (4C 21.35, z = 0.432) was detected with the MAGIC Cherenkov telescopes during a short observation (~0.5 hr) performed on 2010 June 17. The MAGIC detection coincides with high-energy MeV/GeV γ-ray activity measured by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi satellite. The VHE spectrum measured by MAGIC extends from about 70 GeV up to at least 400 GeV and can be well described by a power-law dN/dE ∝ E –Γ with a photon index Γ = 3.75 ± 0.27 stat ± 0.2 syst. The averaged integral flux above 100 GeV is (4.6 ± 0.5) × 10–10 cm–2 s–1 (~1 Crab Nebula flux). The VHE flux measured by MAGIC varies significantly within the 30 minute exposure implying a flux doubling time of about 10 minutes. The VHE and MeV/GeV spectra, corrected for the absorption by the extragalactic background light (EBL), can be described by a single power law with photon index 2.72 ± 0.34 between 3 GeV and 400 GeV, and is consistent with emission belonging to a single component in the jet. The absence of a spectral cutoff constrains the γ-ray emissionmore » region to lie outside the broad-line region, which would otherwise absorb the VHE γ-rays. Together with the detected fast variability, this challenges present emission models from jets in FSRQs. Furthermore, the combined Fermi/LAT and MAGIC spectral data yield constraints on the density of the EBL in the UV-optical to near-infrared range that are compatible with recent models.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
MAGIC Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1357264
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 730; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8205
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmic background radiation; galaxies: active; galaxies: jets; gamma rays: galaxies; quasars: individual (PKS 1222+21)

Citation Formats

Aleksić, J., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Backes, M., Barrio, J. A., Bastieri, D., Becerra González, J., Bednarek, W., Berdyugin, A., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Braun, I., Bretz, T., Cañellas, A., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Cea del Pozo, E., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Diago Ortega, A., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido, D., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., Hadasch, D., Häfner, D., Herrero, A., Hildebrand, D., Höhne-Mönch, D., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Huber, B., Jogler, T., Klepser, S., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., Lorenz, E., Makariev, M., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Miyamoto, H., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Orito, R., Oya, I., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Pardo, S., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Pasanen, M., Pauss, F., Perez-Torres, M. A., Persic, M., Peruzzo, L., Pilia, M., Pochon, J., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shayduk, M., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Strah, N., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Thom, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Treves, A., Vankov, H., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zabalza, V., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Tanaka, Y. T., Wood, D. L., and Buson, S. Magic discovery of very high energy emission from the FSRQ PKS 1222+21. United States: N. p., 2011. Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/730/1/L8.
Aleksić, J., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Backes, M., Barrio, J. A., Bastieri, D., Becerra González, J., Bednarek, W., Berdyugin, A., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Braun, I., Bretz, T., Cañellas, A., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Cea del Pozo, E., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Diago Ortega, A., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido, D., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., Hadasch, D., Häfner, D., Herrero, A., Hildebrand, D., Höhne-Mönch, D., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Huber, B., Jogler, T., Klepser, S., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., Lorenz, E., Makariev, M., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Miyamoto, H., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Orito, R., Oya, I., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Pardo, S., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Pasanen, M., Pauss, F., Perez-Torres, M. A., Persic, M., Peruzzo, L., Pilia, M., Pochon, J., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shayduk, M., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Strah, N., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Thom, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Treves, A., Vankov, H., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zabalza, V., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Tanaka, Y. T., Wood, D. L., & Buson, S. Magic discovery of very high energy emission from the FSRQ PKS 1222+21. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/730/1/L8.
Aleksić, J., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Backes, M., Barrio, J. A., Bastieri, D., Becerra González, J., Bednarek, W., Berdyugin, A., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Braun, I., Bretz, T., Cañellas, A., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Cea del Pozo, E., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Diago Ortega, A., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido, D., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., Hadasch, D., Häfner, D., Herrero, A., Hildebrand, D., Höhne-Mönch, D., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Huber, B., Jogler, T., Klepser, S., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., Lorenz, E., Makariev, M., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Miyamoto, H., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Orito, R., Oya, I., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Pardo, S., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Pasanen, M., Pauss, F., Perez-Torres, M. A., Persic, M., Peruzzo, L., Pilia, M., Pochon, J., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shayduk, M., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Strah, N., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Thom, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Treves, A., Vankov, H., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zabalza, V., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Tanaka, Y. T., Wood, D. L., and Buson, S. Fri . "Magic discovery of very high energy emission from the FSRQ PKS 1222+21". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/730/1/L8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357264.
@article{osti_1357264,
title = {Magic discovery of very high energy emission from the FSRQ PKS 1222+21},
author = {Aleksić, J. and Antonelli, L. A. and Antoranz, P. and Backes, M. and Barrio, J. A. and Bastieri, D. and Becerra González, J. and Bednarek, W. and Berdyugin, A. and Berger, K. and Bernardini, E. and Biland, A. and Blanch, O. and Bock, R. K. and Boller, A. and Bonnoli, G. and Borla Tridon, D. and Braun, I. and Bretz, T. and Cañellas, A. and Carmona, E. and Carosi, A. and Colin, P. and Colombo, E. and Contreras, J. L. and Cortina, J. and Cossio, L. and Covino, S. and Dazzi, F. and De Angelis, A. and De Cea del Pozo, E. and De Lotto, B. and Delgado Mendez, C. and Diago Ortega, A. and Doert, M. and Domínguez, A. and Dominis Prester, D. and Dorner, D. and Doro, M. and Elsaesser, D. and Ferenc, D. and Fonseca, M. V. and Font, L. and Fruck, C. and García López, R. J. and Garczarczyk, M. and Garrido, D. and Giavitto, G. and Godinović, N. and Hadasch, D. and Häfner, D. and Herrero, A. and Hildebrand, D. and Höhne-Mönch, D. and Hose, J. and Hrupec, D. and Huber, B. and Jogler, T. and Klepser, S. and Krähenbühl, T. and Krause, J. and La Barbera, A. and Lelas, D. and Leonardo, E. and Lindfors, E. and Lombardi, S. and López, M. and Lorenz, E. and Makariev, M. and Maneva, G. and Mankuzhiyil, N. and Mannheim, K. and Maraschi, L. and Mariotti, M. and Martínez, M. and Mazin, D. and Meucci, M. and Miranda, J. M. and Mirzoyan, R. and Miyamoto, H. and Moldón, J. and Moralejo, A. and Nieto, D. and Nilsson, K. and Orito, R. and Oya, I. and Paneque, D. and Paoletti, R. and Pardo, S. and Paredes, J. M. and Partini, S. and Pasanen, M. and Pauss, F. and Perez-Torres, M. A. and Persic, M. and Peruzzo, L. and Pilia, M. and Pochon, J. and Prada, F. and Prada Moroni, P. G. and Prandini, E. and Puljak, I. and Reichardt, I. and Reinthal, R. and Rhode, W. and Ribó, M. and Rico, J. and Rügamer, S. and Saggion, A. and Saito, K. and Saito, T. Y. and Salvati, M. and Satalecka, K. and Scalzotto, V. and Scapin, V. and Schultz, C. and Schweizer, T. and Shayduk, M. and Shore, S. N. and Sillanpää, A. and Sitarek, J. and Sobczynska, D. and Spanier, F. and Spiro, S. and Stamerra, A. and Steinke, B. and Storz, J. and Strah, N. and Surić, T. and Takalo, L. and Tavecchio, F. and Temnikov, P. and Terzić, T. and Tescaro, D. and Teshima, M. and Thom, M. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Treves, A. and Vankov, H. and Vogler, P. and Wagner, R. M. and Weitzel, Q. and Zabalza, V. and Zandanel, F. and Zanin, R. and Tanaka, Y. T. and Wood, D. L. and Buson, S.},
abstractNote = {Very high energy (VHE) γ-ray emission from the flat spectrum radio quasar (FSRQ) PKS 1222+21 (4C 21.35, z = 0.432) was detected with the MAGIC Cherenkov telescopes during a short observation (~0.5 hr) performed on 2010 June 17. The MAGIC detection coincides with high-energy MeV/GeV γ-ray activity measured by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi satellite. The VHE spectrum measured by MAGIC extends from about 70 GeV up to at least 400 GeV and can be well described by a power-law dN/dE ∝ E –Γ with a photon index Γ = 3.75 ± 0.27stat ± 0.2syst. The averaged integral flux above 100 GeV is (4.6 ± 0.5) × 10–10 cm–2 s–1 (~1 Crab Nebula flux). The VHE flux measured by MAGIC varies significantly within the 30 minute exposure implying a flux doubling time of about 10 minutes. The VHE and MeV/GeV spectra, corrected for the absorption by the extragalactic background light (EBL), can be described by a single power law with photon index 2.72 ± 0.34 between 3 GeV and 400 GeV, and is consistent with emission belonging to a single component in the jet. The absence of a spectral cutoff constrains the γ-ray emission region to lie outside the broad-line region, which would otherwise absorb the VHE γ-rays. Together with the detected fast variability, this challenges present emission models from jets in FSRQs. Furthermore, the combined Fermi/LAT and MAGIC spectral data yield constraints on the density of the EBL in the UV-optical to near-infrared range that are compatible with recent models.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/730/1/L8},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 730,
place = {United States},
year = {2011},
month = {2}
}

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