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Title: Nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems: Opportunities, interconnections, and needs

As the U.S. energy system evolves, the amount of electricity from variable-generation sources is likely to increase, which could result in additional times when electricity demand is lower than available production. Therefore, purveyors of technologies that traditionally have provided base-load electricity—such as nuclear power plants—can explore new operating procedures to deal with the associated market signals. Concurrently, innovations in nuclear reactor design coupled with sophisticated control systems now allow for more complex apportionment of heat within an integrated system such as one linked to energy-intensive chemical processes. Our paper explores one opportunity – nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems. These are defined as integrated facilities comprised of nuclear reactors, renewable energy generation, and industrial processes that can simultaneously address the need for grid flexibility, greenhouse gas emission reductions, and optimal use of investment capital. Six aspects of interaction (interconnections) between elements of nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems are identified: Thermal, electrical, chemical, hydrogen, mechanical, and information. In addition, system-level aspects affect selection, design, and operation of this hybrid system type. Throughout the paper, gaps and research needs are identified to promote further exploration of the topic.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  3. Joint Inst. for Strategic Energy Analysis, Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
INL/JOU-14-33322
Journal ID: ISSN 0196-8904; PII: S0196890413007516
Grant/Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy Conversion and Management
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 78; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0196-8904
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION; Hybrid energy systems; Nuclear power; Polygeneration systems
OSTI Identifier:
1357209

Ruth, Mark F., Zinaman, Owen R., Antkowiak, Mark, Boardman, Richard D., Cherry, Robert S., and Bazilian, Morgan D.. Nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems: Opportunities, interconnections, and needs. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2013.11.030.
Ruth, Mark F., Zinaman, Owen R., Antkowiak, Mark, Boardman, Richard D., Cherry, Robert S., & Bazilian, Morgan D.. Nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems: Opportunities, interconnections, and needs. United States. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2013.11.030.
Ruth, Mark F., Zinaman, Owen R., Antkowiak, Mark, Boardman, Richard D., Cherry, Robert S., and Bazilian, Morgan D.. 2013. "Nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems: Opportunities, interconnections, and needs". United States. doi:10.1016/j.enconman.2013.11.030. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1357209.
@article{osti_1357209,
title = {Nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems: Opportunities, interconnections, and needs},
author = {Ruth, Mark F. and Zinaman, Owen R. and Antkowiak, Mark and Boardman, Richard D. and Cherry, Robert S. and Bazilian, Morgan D.},
abstractNote = {As the U.S. energy system evolves, the amount of electricity from variable-generation sources is likely to increase, which could result in additional times when electricity demand is lower than available production. Therefore, purveyors of technologies that traditionally have provided base-load electricity—such as nuclear power plants—can explore new operating procedures to deal with the associated market signals. Concurrently, innovations in nuclear reactor design coupled with sophisticated control systems now allow for more complex apportionment of heat within an integrated system such as one linked to energy-intensive chemical processes. Our paper explores one opportunity – nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems. These are defined as integrated facilities comprised of nuclear reactors, renewable energy generation, and industrial processes that can simultaneously address the need for grid flexibility, greenhouse gas emission reductions, and optimal use of investment capital. Six aspects of interaction (interconnections) between elements of nuclear-renewable hybrid energy systems are identified: Thermal, electrical, chemical, hydrogen, mechanical, and information. In addition, system-level aspects affect selection, design, and operation of this hybrid system type. Throughout the paper, gaps and research needs are identified to promote further exploration of the topic.},
doi = {10.1016/j.enconman.2013.11.030},
journal = {Energy Conversion and Management},
number = C,
volume = 78,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {12}
}