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Title: Low-temperature atomic layer deposition of CuSbS 2 for thin-film photovoltaics

Copper antimony sulfide (CuSbS 2) has been gaining traction as an earth-abundant absorber for thin-film photovoltaics given its near ideal band gap for solar energy conversion (~1.5 eV), large absorption coefficient (>10 4 cm –1), and elemental abundance. Through careful in situ analysis of the deposition conditions, a low-temperature route to CuSbS 2 thin films via atomic layer deposition has been developed. After a short (15 min) post process anneal at 225 °C, the ALD-grown CuSbS 2 films were crystalline with micron-sized grains, exhibited a band gap of 1.6 eV and an absorption coefficient >10 4 cm –1, as well as a hole concentration of 10 15 cm –3. Finally, the ALD-grown CuSbS 2 films were paired with ALD-grown TiO 2 to form a photovoltaic device. This photovoltaic device architecture represents one of a very limited number of Cd-free CuSbS 2 PV device stacks reported to date, and it is the first to demonstrate an open-circuit voltage on par with CuSbS 2/CdS heterojunction PV devices. As a result, while far from optimized, this work demonstrates the potential for ALD-grown CuSbS 2 thin films in environmentally benign photovoltaics.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, Stevens Point, WI (United States)
  2. Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS) (SC-27); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; ternary metal sulfide; copper antimony sulfide; CuSbS2; atomic layer deposition; photovoltaics; thin film; thin film solar cell
OSTI Identifier: