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Title: Binary Millisecond Pulsar Discovery via Gamma-Ray Pulsations

Abstract

We present that millisecond pulsars, old neutron stars spun up by accreting matter from a companion star, can reach high rotation rates of hundreds of revolutions per second. Until now, all such “recycled” rotation-powered pulsars have been detected by their spin-modulated radio emission. In a computing-intensive blind search of gamma-ray data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (with partial constraints from optical data), we detected a 2.5-millisecond pulsar, PSR J1311-3430. This unambiguously explains a formerly unidentified gamma-ray source that had been a decade-long enigma, confirming previous conjectures. Lastly, the pulsar is in a circular orbit with an orbital period of only 93 minutes, the shortest of any spin-powered pulsar binary ever found.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Fermi-LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1356607
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 338; Journal Issue: 6112; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS

Citation Formats

Pletsch, H. J., Guillemot, L., Fehrmann, H., Allen, B., Kramer, M., Aulbert, C., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., de Angelis, A., Atwood, W. B., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Borgland, A. W., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Celik, O., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D'Ammando, F., Dermer, C. D., Digel, S. W., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -. H., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., den Hartog, P. R., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Hill, A. B., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Johannesson, G., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kataoka, J., Kerr, M., Knodlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., de Palma, F., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Raino, S., Rando, R., Ray, P. S., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Romani, R. W., Romoli, C., Sanchez, D. A., Parkinson, P. M. S., Schulz, A., Sgro, C., do Couto e Silva, E., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tinivella, M., Troja, E., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Yang, Z., and Zimmer, S. Binary Millisecond Pulsar Discovery via Gamma-Ray Pulsations. United States: N. p., 2012. Web. doi:10.1126/science.1229054.
Pletsch, H. J., Guillemot, L., Fehrmann, H., Allen, B., Kramer, M., Aulbert, C., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., de Angelis, A., Atwood, W. B., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Borgland, A. W., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Celik, O., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D'Ammando, F., Dermer, C. D., Digel, S. W., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -. H., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., den Hartog, P. R., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Hill, A. B., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Johannesson, G., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kataoka, J., Kerr, M., Knodlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., de Palma, F., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Raino, S., Rando, R., Ray, P. S., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Romani, R. W., Romoli, C., Sanchez, D. A., Parkinson, P. M. S., Schulz, A., Sgro, C., do Couto e Silva, E., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tinivella, M., Troja, E., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Yang, Z., & Zimmer, S. Binary Millisecond Pulsar Discovery via Gamma-Ray Pulsations. United States. doi:10.1126/science.1229054.
Pletsch, H. J., Guillemot, L., Fehrmann, H., Allen, B., Kramer, M., Aulbert, C., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., de Angelis, A., Atwood, W. B., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Borgland, A. W., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cecchi, C., Celik, O., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D'Ammando, F., Dermer, C. D., Digel, S. W., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -. H., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., den Hartog, P. R., Hayashida, M., Hays, E., Hill, A. B., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Johannesson, G., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kataoka, J., Kerr, M., Knodlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., de Palma, F., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Raino, S., Rando, R., Ray, P. S., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Romani, R. W., Romoli, C., Sanchez, D. A., Parkinson, P. M. S., Schulz, A., Sgro, C., do Couto e Silva, E., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Tanaka, T., Thayer, J. B., Thayer, J. G., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tinivella, M., Troja, E., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., Waite, A. P., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Yang, Z., and Zimmer, S. Fri . "Binary Millisecond Pulsar Discovery via Gamma-Ray Pulsations". United States. doi:10.1126/science.1229054. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356607.
@article{osti_1356607,
title = {Binary Millisecond Pulsar Discovery via Gamma-Ray Pulsations},
author = {Pletsch, H. J. and Guillemot, L. and Fehrmann, H. and Allen, B. and Kramer, M. and Aulbert, C. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and de Angelis, A. and Atwood, W. B. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Borgland, A. W. and Bottacini, E. and Brandt, T. J. and Bregeon, J. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cecchi, C. and Celik, O. and Charles, E. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Conrad, J. and Cutini, S. and D'Ammando, F. and Dermer, C. D. and Digel, S. W. and Drell, P. S. and Drlica-Wagner, A. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Favuzzi, C. and Ferrara, E. C. and Franckowiak, A. and Fukazawa, Y. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Godfrey, G. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -. H. and Grove, J. E. and Guiriec, S. and Hadasch, D. and Hanabata, Y. and Harding, A. K. and den Hartog, P. R. and Hayashida, M. and Hays, E. and Hill, A. B. and Hou, X. and Hughes, R. E. and Johannesson, G. and Jackson, M. S. and Jogler, T. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, W. N. and Kataoka, J. and Kerr, M. and Knodlseder, J. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Massaro, F. and Mayer, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Mehault, J. and Michelson, P. F. and Mitthumsiri, W. and Mizuno, T. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nakamori, T. and Nemmen, R. and Nuss, E. and Ohno, M. and Ohsugi, T. and Omodei, N. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and de Palma, F. and Paneque, D. and Perkins, J. S. and Piron, F. and Pivato, G. and Porter, T. A. and Raino, S. and Rando, R. and Ray, P. S. and Razzano, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Ritz, S. and Romani, R. W. and Romoli, C. and Sanchez, D. A. and Parkinson, P. M. S. and Schulz, A. and Sgro, C. and do Couto e Silva, E. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Suson, D. J. and Takahashi, H. and Tanaka, T. and Thayer, J. B. and Thayer, J. G. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Tinivella, M. and Troja, E. and Usher, T. L. and Vandenbroucke, J. and Vasileiou, V. and Vianello, G. and Vitale, V. and Waite, A. P. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Wood, M. and Yang, Z. and Zimmer, S.},
abstractNote = {We present that millisecond pulsars, old neutron stars spun up by accreting matter from a companion star, can reach high rotation rates of hundreds of revolutions per second. Until now, all such “recycled” rotation-powered pulsars have been detected by their spin-modulated radio emission. In a computing-intensive blind search of gamma-ray data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope (with partial constraints from optical data), we detected a 2.5-millisecond pulsar, PSR J1311-3430. This unambiguously explains a formerly unidentified gamma-ray source that had been a decade-long enigma, confirming previous conjectures. Lastly, the pulsar is in a circular orbit with an orbital period of only 93 minutes, the shortest of any spin-powered pulsar binary ever found.},
doi = {10.1126/science.1229054},
journal = {Science},
number = 6112,
volume = 338,
place = {United States},
year = {2012},
month = {12}
}

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