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Title: HESS and Fermi-LAT discovery of γ-rays from the blazar 1ES 1312-423

Abstract

In this study, a deep observation campaign carried out by the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) on Centaurus A enabled the discovery of γ-rays from the blazar 1ES 1312-423, 2° away from the radio galaxy. With a differential flux at 1 TeV of (Φ1 TeV) = (1.9 ± 0.6stat ± 0.4sys) × 10 -13 cm -2 s -1 TeV -1 corresponding to 0.5 percent of the Crab nebula differential flux and a spectral index Γ = 2.9 ± 0.5stat ± 0.2sys, 1ES 1312-423 is one of the faintest sources ever detected in the very high energy (E > 100 GeV) extragalactic sky. A careful analysis using three and a half years of Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) data allows the discovery at high energies (E > 100 MeV) of a hard spectrum (Γ = 1.4 ± 0.4stat ± 0.2sys) source coincident with 1ES 1312-423. Radio, optical, UV and X-ray observations complete the spectral energy distribution of this blazar, now covering 16 decades in energy. Lastly, the emission is successfully fitted with a synchrotron self-Compton model for the non-thermal component, combined with a blackbody spectrum for the optical emission from the host galaxy.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
HESS Collaboration; Fermi-LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1356589
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 434; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal; galaxies: active; BL Lacertae objects: individual: 1ES 1312–423; galaxies: jets; gamma-rays: galaxies

Citation Formats

Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Anguner, E., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., Balzer, A., Barnacka, A., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Bernlohr, K., Birsin, E., Bissaldi, E., Biteau, J., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brucker, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bulik, T., Carrigan, S., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chadwick, P. M., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheesebrough, A., Chretien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Dalton, M., Daniel, M. K., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., deWilt, P., Dickinson, H. J., Djannati-Atai, A., Domainko, W., Drury, L. O., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Dyrda, M., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Espigat, P., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Feinstein, F., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Forster, A., Fussling, M., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gast, H., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Goring, D., Grondin, M. -. H., Grudzinska, M., Haffner, S., Hague, J. D., Hahn, J., Harris, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hofverberg, P., Holler, M., Horns, D., Jacholkowska, A., Jahn, C., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, F., Jung, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzynski, K., Katz, U., Kaufmann, S., Khelifi, B., Kieffer, M., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluzniak, W., Kneiske, T., Kolitzus, D., Komin, N., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Krayzel, F., Kruger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lefaucheur, J., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -. P., Lennarz, D., Lohse, T., Lopatin, A., Lu, C. -. C., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., McComb, T. J. L., Medina, M. C., Mehault, J., Menzler, U., Meyer, M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naumann, C. L., de Naurois, M., Nedbal, D., Niemiec, J., Nolan, S. J., Oakes, L., Ohm, S., de Ona Wilhelmi, E., Opitz, B., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perez, J., Petrucci, P. -. O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Puhlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Raue, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Rob, L., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Schlickeiser, R., Schussler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwarzburg, S., Schwemmer, S., Sol, H., Spengler, G., Spiess, F., Stawarz, L., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Szostek, A., Tavernet, J. -. P., Terrier, R., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Valerius, K., van Eldik, C., Vasileiadis, G., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Volk, H. J., Volpe, F., Vorster, M., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Ward, M., Weidinger, M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wornlein, A., Wouters, D., Zacharias, M., Zajczyk, A., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zechlin, H. -. S., Perkins, J. S., Ojha, R., Stevens, J., Edwards, P. G., and Kadler, M. HESS and Fermi-LAT discovery of γ-rays from the blazar 1ES 1312-423. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt1081.
Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Anguner, E., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., Balzer, A., Barnacka, A., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Bernlohr, K., Birsin, E., Bissaldi, E., Biteau, J., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brucker, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bulik, T., Carrigan, S., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chadwick, P. M., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheesebrough, A., Chretien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Dalton, M., Daniel, M. K., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., deWilt, P., Dickinson, H. J., Djannati-Atai, A., Domainko, W., Drury, L. O., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Dyrda, M., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Espigat, P., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Feinstein, F., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Forster, A., Fussling, M., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gast, H., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Goring, D., Grondin, M. -. H., Grudzinska, M., Haffner, S., Hague, J. D., Hahn, J., Harris, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hofverberg, P., Holler, M., Horns, D., Jacholkowska, A., Jahn, C., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, F., Jung, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzynski, K., Katz, U., Kaufmann, S., Khelifi, B., Kieffer, M., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluzniak, W., Kneiske, T., Kolitzus, D., Komin, N., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Krayzel, F., Kruger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lefaucheur, J., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -. P., Lennarz, D., Lohse, T., Lopatin, A., Lu, C. -. C., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., McComb, T. J. L., Medina, M. C., Mehault, J., Menzler, U., Meyer, M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naumann, C. L., de Naurois, M., Nedbal, D., Niemiec, J., Nolan, S. J., Oakes, L., Ohm, S., de Ona Wilhelmi, E., Opitz, B., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perez, J., Petrucci, P. -. O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Puhlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Raue, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Rob, L., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Schlickeiser, R., Schussler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwarzburg, S., Schwemmer, S., Sol, H., Spengler, G., Spiess, F., Stawarz, L., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Szostek, A., Tavernet, J. -. P., Terrier, R., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Valerius, K., van Eldik, C., Vasileiadis, G., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Volk, H. J., Volpe, F., Vorster, M., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Ward, M., Weidinger, M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wornlein, A., Wouters, D., Zacharias, M., Zajczyk, A., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zechlin, H. -. S., Perkins, J. S., Ojha, R., Stevens, J., Edwards, P. G., & Kadler, M. HESS and Fermi-LAT discovery of γ-rays from the blazar 1ES 1312-423. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt1081.
Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Anguner, E., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., Balzer, A., Barnacka, A., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Bernlohr, K., Birsin, E., Bissaldi, E., Biteau, J., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brucker, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bulik, T., Carrigan, S., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chadwick, P. M., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheesebrough, A., Chretien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Dalton, M., Daniel, M. K., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., deWilt, P., Dickinson, H. J., Djannati-Atai, A., Domainko, W., Drury, L. O., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Dyrda, M., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Espigat, P., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Feinstein, F., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Forster, A., Fussling, M., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gast, H., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Goring, D., Grondin, M. -. H., Grudzinska, M., Haffner, S., Hague, J. D., Hahn, J., Harris, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hofverberg, P., Holler, M., Horns, D., Jacholkowska, A., Jahn, C., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, F., Jung, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzynski, K., Katz, U., Kaufmann, S., Khelifi, B., Kieffer, M., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluzniak, W., Kneiske, T., Kolitzus, D., Komin, N., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Krayzel, F., Kruger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lefaucheur, J., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -. P., Lennarz, D., Lohse, T., Lopatin, A., Lu, C. -. C., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., McComb, T. J. L., Medina, M. C., Mehault, J., Menzler, U., Meyer, M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naumann, C. L., de Naurois, M., Nedbal, D., Niemiec, J., Nolan, S. J., Oakes, L., Ohm, S., de Ona Wilhelmi, E., Opitz, B., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perez, J., Petrucci, P. -. O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Puhlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Raue, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Rob, L., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Schlickeiser, R., Schussler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwarzburg, S., Schwemmer, S., Sol, H., Spengler, G., Spiess, F., Stawarz, L., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Szostek, A., Tavernet, J. -. P., Terrier, R., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Valerius, K., van Eldik, C., Vasileiadis, G., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Volk, H. J., Volpe, F., Vorster, M., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Ward, M., Weidinger, M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wornlein, A., Wouters, D., Zacharias, M., Zajczyk, A., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zechlin, H. -. S., Perkins, J. S., Ojha, R., Stevens, J., Edwards, P. G., and Kadler, M. Thu . "HESS and Fermi-LAT discovery of γ-rays from the blazar 1ES 1312-423". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt1081. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356589.
@article{osti_1356589,
title = {HESS and Fermi-LAT discovery of γ-rays from the blazar 1ES 1312-423},
author = {Abramowski, A. and Acero, F. and Aharonian, F. and Akhperjanian, A. G. and Anguner, E. and Anton, G. and Balenderan, S. and Balzer, A. and Barnacka, A. and Becherini, Y. and Becker Tjus, J. and Bernlohr, K. and Birsin, E. and Bissaldi, E. and Biteau, J. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bordas, P. and Brucker, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bulik, T. and Carrigan, S. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chadwick, P. M. and Chalme-Calvet, R. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Cheesebrough, A. and Chretien, M. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cologna, G. and Conrad, J. and Couturier, C. and Dalton, M. and Daniel, M. K. and Davids, I. D. and Degrange, B. and Deil, C. and deWilt, P. and Dickinson, H. J. and Djannati-Atai, A. and Domainko, W. and Drury, L. O. and Dubus, G. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Dyrda, M. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Eger, P. and Espigat, P. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Feinstein, F. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fernandez, D. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Forster, A. and Fussling, M. and Gajdus, M. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Gast, H. and Giebels, B. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Goring, D. and Grondin, M. -. H. and Grudzinska, M. and Haffner, S. and Hague, J. D. and Hahn, J. and Harris, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hervet, O. and Hillert, A. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hofverberg, P. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jahn, C. and Jamrozy, M. and Janiak, M. and Jankowsky, F. and Jung, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzynski, K. and Katz, U. and Kaufmann, S. and Khelifi, B. and Kieffer, M. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluzniak, W. and Kneiske, T. and Kolitzus, D. and Komin, N. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Krayzel, F. and Kruger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -. P. and Lennarz, D. and Lohse, T. and Lopatin, A. and Lu, C. -. C. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and McComb, T. J. L. and Medina, M. C. and Mehault, J. and Menzler, U. and Meyer, M. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and Naumann, C. L. and de Naurois, M. and Nedbal, D. and Niemiec, J. and Nolan, S. J. and Oakes, L. and Ohm, S. and de Ona Wilhelmi, E. and Opitz, B. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Paz Arribas, M. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Perez, J. and Petrucci, P. -. O. and Peyaud, B. and Pita, S. and Poon, H. and Puhlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Raue, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and de los Reyes, R. and Rieger, F. and Rob, L. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Sahakian, V. and Sanchez, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schussler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwarzburg, S. and Schwemmer, S. and Sol, H. and Spengler, G. and Spiess, F. and Stawarz, L. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Stinzing, F. and Stycz, K. and Sushch, I. and Szostek, A. and Tavernet, J. -. P. and Terrier, R. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Valerius, K. and van Eldik, C. and Vasileiadis, G. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Volk, H. J. and Volpe, F. and Vorster, M. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Ward, M. and Weidinger, M. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wornlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zajczyk, A. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zechlin, H. -. S. and Perkins, J. S. and Ojha, R. and Stevens, J. and Edwards, P. G. and Kadler, M.},
abstractNote = {In this study, a deep observation campaign carried out by the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) on Centaurus A enabled the discovery of γ-rays from the blazar 1ES 1312-423, 2° away from the radio galaxy. With a differential flux at 1 TeV of (Φ1 TeV) = (1.9 ± 0.6stat ± 0.4sys) × 10-13 cm-2 s-1 TeV-1 corresponding to 0.5 percent of the Crab nebula differential flux and a spectral index Γ = 2.9 ± 0.5stat ± 0.2sys, 1ES 1312-423 is one of the faintest sources ever detected in the very high energy (E > 100 GeV) extragalactic sky. A careful analysis using three and a half years of Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) data allows the discovery at high energies (E > 100 MeV) of a hard spectrum (Γ = 1.4 ± 0.4stat ± 0.2sys) source coincident with 1ES 1312-423. Radio, optical, UV and X-ray observations complete the spectral energy distribution of this blazar, now covering 16 decades in energy. Lastly, the emission is successfully fitted with a synchrotron self-Compton model for the non-thermal component, combined with a blackbody spectrum for the optical emission from the host galaxy.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stt1081},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 3,
volume = 434,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {8}
}

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