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Title: Discovery of high and very high-energy emission from the BL Lacertae object SHBL J001355.9–185406

Abstract

In this paper, the detection of the high-frequency peaked BL Lac object (HBL) SHBL J001355.9–185406 (z = 0.095) at high (HE; 100 MeV < E < 300 GeV) and very high-energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) is reported. Dedicated observations were performed with the H.E.S.S. telescopes, leading to a detection at the 5.5σ significance level. The measured flux above 310 GeV is (8.3 ± 1.7stat ± 1.7sys) × 10-13 photons cm-2 s-1 (about 0.6% of that of the Crab Nebula), and the power-law spectrum has a photon index of Γ = 3.4 ± 0.5stat ± 0.2sys. Using 3.5 years of publicly available Fermi-LAT data, a faint counterpart has been detected in the LAT data at the 5.5σ significance level, with an integrated flux above 300 MeV of (9.3 ± 3.4stat ± 0.8sys) × 10-10 photons cm-2 s-1 and a photon index of Γ = 1.96 ± 0.20stat ± 0.08sys. X-ray observations with Swift-XRT allow the synchrotron peak energy in νFν representation to be located at ~1.0 keV. The broadband spectral energy distribution is modelled with a one-zone synchrotronself-Compton (SSC) model and the optical data by amore » black-body emission describing the thermal emission of the host galaxy. Lastly, the derived parameters are typical of HBLs detected at VHE, with a particle-dominated jet.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
H.E.S.S. Collaboration; Fermi-LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1356585
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 554; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; BL Lacertae objects: individual: SHBL J001355.9-185406; gamma rays: general

Citation Formats

Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Angüner, E., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., Balzer, A., Barnacka, A., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Bernlöhr, K., Birsin, E., Bissaldi, E., Biteau, J., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brucker, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bulik, T., Carrigan, S., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chadwick, P. M., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheesebrough, A., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Dalton, M., Daniel, M. K., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., deWilt, P., Dickinson, H. J., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Dyrda, M., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Espigat, P., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Feinstein, F., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Füßling, M., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gast, H., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Göring, D., Grondin, M. -H., Grudzińska, M., Häffner, S., Hague, J. D., Hahn, J., Harris, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hofverberg, P., Holler, M., Horns, D., Jacholkowska, A., Jahn, C., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, F., Jung, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kaufmann, S., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kneiske, T., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lefaucheur, J., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Lennarz, D., Lohse, T., Lopatin, A., Lu, C. -C., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., McComb, T. J. L., Medina, M. C., Méhault, J., Menzler, U., Meyer, M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naumann, C. L., de Naurois, M., Nedbal, D., Niemiec, J., Nolan, S. J., Oakes, L., Ohm, S., de Oña Wilhelmi, E., Opitz, B., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perez, J., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Raue, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Rob, L., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Sanchez⋆, D. A., Santangelo, A., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwarzburg, S., Schwemmer, S., Sol, H., Spengler, G., Spieß, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Szostek, A., Tavernet, J. -P., Terrier, R., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Valerius, K., van Eldik, C., Vasileiadis, G., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Völk, H. J., Volpe, F., Vorster, M., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Ward, M., Weidinger, M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Zacharias, M., Zajczyk, A., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., and Zechlin, H. -S. Discovery of high and very high-energy emission from the BL Lacertae object SHBL J001355.9–185406. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220996.
Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Angüner, E., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., Balzer, A., Barnacka, A., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Bernlöhr, K., Birsin, E., Bissaldi, E., Biteau, J., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brucker, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bulik, T., Carrigan, S., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chadwick, P. M., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheesebrough, A., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Dalton, M., Daniel, M. K., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., deWilt, P., Dickinson, H. J., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Dyrda, M., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Espigat, P., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Feinstein, F., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Füßling, M., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gast, H., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Göring, D., Grondin, M. -H., Grudzińska, M., Häffner, S., Hague, J. D., Hahn, J., Harris, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hofverberg, P., Holler, M., Horns, D., Jacholkowska, A., Jahn, C., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, F., Jung, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kaufmann, S., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kneiske, T., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lefaucheur, J., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Lennarz, D., Lohse, T., Lopatin, A., Lu, C. -C., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., McComb, T. J. L., Medina, M. C., Méhault, J., Menzler, U., Meyer, M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naumann, C. L., de Naurois, M., Nedbal, D., Niemiec, J., Nolan, S. J., Oakes, L., Ohm, S., de Oña Wilhelmi, E., Opitz, B., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perez, J., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Raue, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Rob, L., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Sanchez⋆, D. A., Santangelo, A., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwarzburg, S., Schwemmer, S., Sol, H., Spengler, G., Spieß, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Szostek, A., Tavernet, J. -P., Terrier, R., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Valerius, K., van Eldik, C., Vasileiadis, G., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Völk, H. J., Volpe, F., Vorster, M., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Ward, M., Weidinger, M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Zacharias, M., Zajczyk, A., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., & Zechlin, H. -S. Discovery of high and very high-energy emission from the BL Lacertae object SHBL J001355.9–185406. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220996.
Abramowski, A., Acero, F., Aharonian, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Angüner, E., Anton, G., Balenderan, S., Balzer, A., Barnacka, A., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Bernlöhr, K., Birsin, E., Bissaldi, E., Biteau, J., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brucker, J., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bulik, T., Carrigan, S., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chadwick, P. M., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Cheesebrough, A., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Dalton, M., Daniel, M. K., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., deWilt, P., Dickinson, H. J., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Dyrda, M., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Espigat, P., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Feinstein, F., Fernandes, M. V., Fernandez, D., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Füßling, M., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Gast, H., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Göring, D., Grondin, M. -H., Grudzińska, M., Häffner, S., Hague, J. D., Hahn, J., Harris, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hofverberg, P., Holler, M., Horns, D., Jacholkowska, A., Jahn, C., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, F., Jung, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kaufmann, S., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kneiske, T., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lefaucheur, J., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Lennarz, D., Lohse, T., Lopatin, A., Lu, C. -C., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., McComb, T. J. L., Medina, M. C., Méhault, J., Menzler, U., Meyer, M., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Moulin, E., Murach, T., Naumann, C. L., de Naurois, M., Nedbal, D., Niemiec, J., Nolan, S. J., Oakes, L., Ohm, S., de Oña Wilhelmi, E., Opitz, B., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perez, J., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Raue, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Rob, L., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Sanchez⋆, D. A., Santangelo, A., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwarzburg, S., Schwemmer, S., Sol, H., Spengler, G., Spieß, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Szostek, A., Tavernet, J. -P., Terrier, R., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Valerius, K., van Eldik, C., Vasileiadis, G., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Völk, H. J., Volpe, F., Vorster, M., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Ward, M., Weidinger, M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Zacharias, M., Zajczyk, A., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., and Zechlin, H. -S. Wed . "Discovery of high and very high-energy emission from the BL Lacertae object SHBL J001355.9–185406". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220996. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356585.
@article{osti_1356585,
title = {Discovery of high and very high-energy emission from the BL Lacertae object SHBL J001355.9–185406},
author = {Abramowski, A. and Acero, F. and Aharonian, F. and Akhperjanian, A. G. and Angüner, E. and Anton, G. and Balenderan, S. and Balzer, A. and Barnacka, A. and Becherini, Y. and Becker Tjus, J. and Bernlöhr, K. and Birsin, E. and Bissaldi, E. and Biteau, J. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bordas, P. and Brucker, J. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bulik, T. and Carrigan, S. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chadwick, P. M. and Chalme-Calvet, R. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Cheesebrough, A. and Chrétien, M. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cologna, G. and Conrad, J. and Couturier, C. and Dalton, M. and Daniel, M. K. and Davids, I. D. and Degrange, B. and Deil, C. and deWilt, P. and Dickinson, H. J. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Domainko, W. and Drury, L. O’C. and Dubus, G. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Dyrda, M. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Eger, P. and Espigat, P. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Feinstein, F. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fernandez, D. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Förster, A. and Füßling, M. and Gajdus, M. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Gast, H. and Giebels, B. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Göring, D. and Grondin, M. -H. and Grudzińska, M. and Häffner, S. and Hague, J. D. and Hahn, J. and Harris, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hervet, O. and Hillert, A. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hofverberg, P. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jahn, C. and Jamrozy, M. and Janiak, M. and Jankowsky, F. and Jung, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katz, U. and Kaufmann, S. and Khélifi, B. and Kieffer, M. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Kneiske, T. and Kolitzus, D. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Krayzel, F. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -P. and Lennarz, D. and Lohse, T. and Lopatin, A. and Lu, C. -C. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and McComb, T. J. L. and Medina, M. C. and Méhault, J. and Menzler, U. and Meyer, M. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and Naumann, C. L. and de Naurois, M. and Nedbal, D. and Niemiec, J. and Nolan, S. J. and Oakes, L. and Ohm, S. and de Oña Wilhelmi, E. and Opitz, B. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Paz Arribas, M. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Perez, J. and Petrucci, P. -O. and Peyaud, B. and Pita, S. and Poon, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Raue, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and de los Reyes, R. and Rieger, F. and Rob, L. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Sahakian, V. and Sanchez⋆, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwarzburg, S. and Schwemmer, S. and Sol, H. and Spengler, G. and Spieß, F. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Stinzing, F. and Stycz, K. and Sushch, I. and Szostek, A. and Tavernet, J. -P. and Terrier, R. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Valerius, K. and van Eldik, C. and Vasileiadis, G. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Völk, H. J. and Volpe, F. and Vorster, M. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Ward, M. and Weidinger, M. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zajczyk, A. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zechlin, H. -S.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, the detection of the high-frequency peaked BL Lac object (HBL) SHBL J001355.9–185406 (z = 0.095) at high (HE; 100 MeV < E < 300 GeV) and very high-energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) with the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) and the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) is reported. Dedicated observations were performed with the H.E.S.S. telescopes, leading to a detection at the 5.5σ significance level. The measured flux above 310 GeV is (8.3 ± 1.7stat ± 1.7sys) × 10-13 photons cm-2 s-1 (about 0.6% of that of the Crab Nebula), and the power-law spectrum has a photon index of Γ = 3.4 ± 0.5stat ± 0.2sys. Using 3.5 years of publicly available Fermi-LAT data, a faint counterpart has been detected in the LAT data at the 5.5σ significance level, with an integrated flux above 300 MeV of (9.3 ± 3.4stat ± 0.8sys) × 10-10 photons cm-2 s-1 and a photon index of Γ = 1.96 ± 0.20stat ± 0.08sys. X-ray observations with Swift-XRT allow the synchrotron peak energy in νFν representation to be located at ~1.0 keV. The broadband spectral energy distribution is modelled with a one-zone synchrotronself-Compton (SSC) model and the optical data by a black-body emission describing the thermal emission of the host galaxy. Lastly, the derived parameters are typical of HBLs detected at VHE, with a particle-dominated jet.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201220996},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 554,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {6}
}

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Figure 1 Figure 1: Map of the γ-ray excess measured with the H.E.S.S. telescopes around the position of SHBL J001355.9–185406 in right ascension and declination (J2000). The map is smoothed with the H.E.S.S. PSF, shown in inset.

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Discovery of high and very high-energy emission from the BL Lacertae object SHBL J001355.9–185406
    text, January 2013

    • Abramowski, A.; Acero, F.; Aharonian, F.
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/desy-2014-00641

    Very high energy outburst of Markarian 501 in May 2009
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    Empirical multi-wavelength prediction method for very high energy gamma-ray emitting BL Lacertae objects
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    Very high energy outburst of Markarian 501 in May 2009
    journal, October 2016


    Empirical multi-wavelength prediction method for very high energy gamma-ray emitting BL Lacertae objects
    journal, December 2017


    FIRST-EPOCH VLBA IMAGING OF 20 NEW TeV BLAZARS
    journal, November 2014


    THE EXTRAGALACTIC BACKGROUND LIGHT, THE HUBBLE CONSTANT, AND ANOMALIES: CONCLUSIONS FROM 20 YEARS OF TeV GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATIONS
    journal, October 2015


      Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.