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Title: Rapid processing of 85Kr/Kr ratios using Atom Trap Trace Analysis

In this paper, we report a methodology for measuring 85Kr/Kr isotopic abundances using Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA) that increases sample measurement throughput by over an order of magnitude to six samples per 24 h. The noble gas isotope 85Kr (half-life = 10.7 years) is a useful tracer for young groundwater in the age range of 5–50 years. ATTA, an efficient and selective laser-based atom counting method, has recently been applied to 85Kr/Kr isotopic abundance measurements, requiring 5–10 μL of krypton gas at STP extracted from 50 to 100 L of water. Previously, a single such measurement required 48 h. In conclusion, our new method demonstrates that we can measure 85Kr/Kr ratios with 3–5% relative uncertainty every 4 h, on average, with the same sample requirements.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division; Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States). Department of Physics and Enrico Fermi Institute
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division
  3. University of Bern (Switzerland). Climate and Environmental Physics Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Water Resources Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 53; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-1397
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
OSTI Identifier:
1356577

Zappala, J. C., Bailey, K., Mueller, P., O'Connor, T. P., and Purtschert, R.. Rapid processing of 85Kr/Kr ratios using Atom Trap Trace Analysis. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1002/2016WR020082.
Zappala, J. C., Bailey, K., Mueller, P., O'Connor, T. P., & Purtschert, R.. Rapid processing of 85Kr/Kr ratios using Atom Trap Trace Analysis. United States. doi:10.1002/2016WR020082.
Zappala, J. C., Bailey, K., Mueller, P., O'Connor, T. P., and Purtschert, R.. 2017. "Rapid processing of 85Kr/Kr ratios using Atom Trap Trace Analysis". United States. doi:10.1002/2016WR020082. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356577.
@article{osti_1356577,
title = {Rapid processing of 85Kr/Kr ratios using Atom Trap Trace Analysis},
author = {Zappala, J. C. and Bailey, K. and Mueller, P. and O'Connor, T. P. and Purtschert, R.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we report a methodology for measuring 85Kr/Kr isotopic abundances using Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA) that increases sample measurement throughput by over an order of magnitude to six samples per 24 h. The noble gas isotope 85Kr (half-life = 10.7 years) is a useful tracer for young groundwater in the age range of 5–50 years. ATTA, an efficient and selective laser-based atom counting method, has recently been applied to 85Kr/Kr isotopic abundance measurements, requiring 5–10 μL of krypton gas at STP extracted from 50 to 100 L of water. Previously, a single such measurement required 48 h. In conclusion, our new method demonstrates that we can measure 85Kr/Kr ratios with 3–5% relative uncertainty every 4 h, on average, with the same sample requirements.},
doi = {10.1002/2016WR020082},
journal = {Water Resources Research},
number = 3,
volume = 53,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

Works referenced in this record:

An atom counter for measuring 81Kr and 85Kr in environmental samples
journal, August 2012