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Title: The simultaneous low state spectral energy distribution of 1ES 2344+514 from radio to very high energies

Abstract

Here, BL Lacertae objects are variable at all energy bands on time scales down to minutes. To construct and interpret their spectral energy distribution (SED), simultaneous broad-band observations are mandatory. Up to now, the number of objects studied during such campaigns is very limited and biased towards high flux states. Furthermore, we present the results of a dedicated multi-wavelength study of the high-frequency peaked BL Lacertae (HBL) object and known TeV emitter 1ES 2344+514 by means of a pre-organised campaign. The observations were conducted during simultaneous visibility windows of MAGIC and AGILE in late 2008. The measurements were complemented by Metsähovi, RATAN-600, KVA+Tuorla, Swift and VLBA pointings. Additional coverage was provided by the ongoing long-term F-GAMMA and MOJAVE programs, the OVRO 40-m and CrAO telescopes as well as the Fermi satellite. The obtained SEDs are modelled using a one-zone as well as a self-consistent two-zone synchrotron self-Compton model. As a result, 1ES 2344+514 was found at very low flux states in both X-rays and very high energy gamma rays. Variability was detected in the low frequency radio and X-ray bands only, where for the latter a small flare was observed. The X-ray flare was possibly caused by shock acceleration characterisedmore » by similar cooling and acceleration time scales. MOJAVE VLBA monitoring reveals a static jet whose components are stable over time scales of eleven years, contrary to previous findings. There appears to be no significant correlation between the 15 GHz and R-band monitoring light curves. The observations presented here constitute the first multi-wavelength campaign on 1ES 2344+514 from radio to VHE energies and one of the few simultaneous SEDs during low activity states. The quasi-simultaneous Fermi-LAT data poses some challenges for SED modelling, but in general the SEDs are described well by both applied models. The resulting parameters are typical for TeV emitting HBLs. Consequently it remains unclear whether a so-called quiescent state was found in this campaign.« less

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1356572
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 556; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: active; BL Lacertae objects: individual: 1ES 2344+514; gamma rays: galaxies; X-rays: individuals: 1ES 2344+514; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

Citation Formats

Aleksić, J., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Asensio, M., Backes, M., Barres de Almeida, U., Barrio, J. A., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnefoy, S., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Bretz, T., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Carreto Fidalgo, D., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido Terrats, D., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., González Muñoz, A., Gozzini, S. R., Hadamek, A., Hadasch, D., Herrero, A., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Jankowski, F., Kadenius, V., Klepser, S., Knoetig, M. L., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., Kushida, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., López-Coto, R., López-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Lozano, I., Makariev, M., Mallot, K., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Marcote, B., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Masbou, J., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Nakajima, D., Niedzwiecki, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Paiano, S., Palatiello, M., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Persic, M., Pilia, M., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Sun, S., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Takami, H., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Toyama, T., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Longo, F., Lucarelli, F., Pittori, C., Vercellone, S., Bastieri, D., Sbarra, C., Angelakis, E., Fuhrmann, L., Nestoras, I., Krichbaum, T. P., Sievers, A., Zensus, J. A., Antonyuk, K. A., Baumgartner, W., Berduygin, A., Carini, M., Cook, K., Gehrels, N., Kadler, M., Kovalev, Yu. A., Kovalev, Y. Y., Krauss, F., Krimm, H. A., Lähteenmäki, A., Lister, M. L., Max-Moerbeck, W., Pasanen, M., Pushkarev, A. B., Readhead, A. C. S., Richards, J. L., Sainio, J., Shakhovskoy, D. N., Sokolovsky, K. V., Tornikoski, M., Tueller, J., Weidinger, M., and Wilms, J. The simultaneous low state spectral energy distribution of 1ES 2344+514 from radio to very high energies. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220714.
Aleksić, J., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Asensio, M., Backes, M., Barres de Almeida, U., Barrio, J. A., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnefoy, S., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Bretz, T., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Carreto Fidalgo, D., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido Terrats, D., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., González Muñoz, A., Gozzini, S. R., Hadamek, A., Hadasch, D., Herrero, A., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Jankowski, F., Kadenius, V., Klepser, S., Knoetig, M. L., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., Kushida, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., López-Coto, R., López-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Lozano, I., Makariev, M., Mallot, K., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Marcote, B., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Masbou, J., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Nakajima, D., Niedzwiecki, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Paiano, S., Palatiello, M., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Persic, M., Pilia, M., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Sun, S., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Takami, H., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Toyama, T., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Longo, F., Lucarelli, F., Pittori, C., Vercellone, S., Bastieri, D., Sbarra, C., Angelakis, E., Fuhrmann, L., Nestoras, I., Krichbaum, T. P., Sievers, A., Zensus, J. A., Antonyuk, K. A., Baumgartner, W., Berduygin, A., Carini, M., Cook, K., Gehrels, N., Kadler, M., Kovalev, Yu. A., Kovalev, Y. Y., Krauss, F., Krimm, H. A., Lähteenmäki, A., Lister, M. L., Max-Moerbeck, W., Pasanen, M., Pushkarev, A. B., Readhead, A. C. S., Richards, J. L., Sainio, J., Shakhovskoy, D. N., Sokolovsky, K. V., Tornikoski, M., Tueller, J., Weidinger, M., & Wilms, J. The simultaneous low state spectral energy distribution of 1ES 2344+514 from radio to very high energies. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220714.
Aleksić, J., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Asensio, M., Backes, M., Barres de Almeida, U., Barrio, J. A., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnefoy, S., Bonnoli, G., Borla Tridon, D., Bretz, T., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Carreto Fidalgo, D., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Lotto, B., Delgado Mendez, C., Doert, M., Domínguez, A., Dominis Prester, D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Fruck, C., García López, R. J., Garczarczyk, M., Garrido Terrats, D., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinović, N., González Muñoz, A., Gozzini, S. R., Hadamek, A., Hadasch, D., Herrero, A., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Jankowski, F., Kadenius, V., Klepser, S., Knoetig, M. L., Krähenbühl, T., Krause, J., Kushida, J., La Barbera, A., Lelas, D., Leonardo, E., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., López, M., López-Coto, R., López-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Lozano, I., Makariev, M., Mallot, K., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Marcote, B., Mariotti, M., Martínez, M., Masbou, J., Mazin, D., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldón, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Nakajima, D., Niedzwiecki, A., Nieto, D., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Paiano, S., Palatiello, M., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Persic, M., Pilia, M., Prada, F., Prada Moroni, P. G., Prandini, E., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribó, M., Rico, J., Rügamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T. Y., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpää, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Spiro, S., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Steinke, B., Storz, J., Sun, S., Surić, T., Takalo, L., Takami, H., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzić, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Toyama, T., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Longo, F., Lucarelli, F., Pittori, C., Vercellone, S., Bastieri, D., Sbarra, C., Angelakis, E., Fuhrmann, L., Nestoras, I., Krichbaum, T. P., Sievers, A., Zensus, J. A., Antonyuk, K. A., Baumgartner, W., Berduygin, A., Carini, M., Cook, K., Gehrels, N., Kadler, M., Kovalev, Yu. A., Kovalev, Y. Y., Krauss, F., Krimm, H. A., Lähteenmäki, A., Lister, M. L., Max-Moerbeck, W., Pasanen, M., Pushkarev, A. B., Readhead, A. C. S., Richards, J. L., Sainio, J., Shakhovskoy, D. N., Sokolovsky, K. V., Tornikoski, M., Tueller, J., Weidinger, M., and Wilms, J. Wed . "The simultaneous low state spectral energy distribution of 1ES 2344+514 from radio to very high energies". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220714. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356572.
@article{osti_1356572,
title = {The simultaneous low state spectral energy distribution of 1ES 2344+514 from radio to very high energies},
author = {Aleksić, J. and Antonelli, L. A. and Antoranz, P. and Asensio, M. and Backes, M. and Barres de Almeida, U. and Barrio, J. A. and Bednarek, W. and Berger, K. and Bernardini, E. and Biland, A. and Blanch, O. and Bock, R. K. and Boller, A. and Bonnefoy, S. and Bonnoli, G. and Borla Tridon, D. and Bretz, T. and Carmona, E. and Carosi, A. and Carreto Fidalgo, D. and Colin, P. and Colombo, E. and Contreras, J. L. and Cortina, J. and Cossio, L. and Covino, S. and Da Vela, P. and Dazzi, F. and De Angelis, A. and De Caneva, G. and De Lotto, B. and Delgado Mendez, C. and Doert, M. and Domínguez, A. and Dominis Prester, D. and Dorner, D. and Doro, M. and Eisenacher, D. and Elsaesser, D. and Ferenc, D. and Fonseca, M. V. and Font, L. and Fruck, C. and García López, R. J. and Garczarczyk, M. and Garrido Terrats, D. and Gaug, M. and Giavitto, G. and Godinović, N. and González Muñoz, A. and Gozzini, S. R. and Hadamek, A. and Hadasch, D. and Herrero, A. and Hose, J. and Hrupec, D. and Jankowski, F. and Kadenius, V. and Klepser, S. and Knoetig, M. L. and Krähenbühl, T. and Krause, J. and Kushida, J. and La Barbera, A. and Lelas, D. and Leonardo, E. and Lewandowska, N. and Lindfors, E. and Lombardi, S. and López, M. and López-Coto, R. and López-Oramas, A. and Lorenz, E. and Lozano, I. and Makariev, M. and Mallot, K. and Maneva, G. and Mankuzhiyil, N. and Mannheim, K. and Maraschi, L. and Marcote, B. and Mariotti, M. and Martínez, M. and Masbou, J. and Mazin, D. and Meucci, M. and Miranda, J. M. and Mirzoyan, R. and Moldón, J. and Moralejo, A. and Munar-Adrover, P. and Nakajima, D. and Niedzwiecki, A. and Nieto, D. and Nilsson, K. and Nowak, N. and Orito, R. and Paiano, S. and Palatiello, M. and Paneque, D. and Paoletti, R. and Paredes, J. M. and Partini, S. and Persic, M. and Pilia, M. and Prada, F. and Prada Moroni, P. G. and Prandini, E. and Puljak, I. and Reichardt, I. and Reinthal, R. and Rhode, W. and Ribó, M. and Rico, J. and Rügamer, S. and Saggion, A. and Saito, K. and Saito, T. Y. and Salvati, M. and Satalecka, K. and Scalzotto, V. and Scapin, V. and Schultz, C. and Schweizer, T. and Shore, S. N. and Sillanpää, A. and Sitarek, J. and Snidaric, I. and Sobczynska, D. and Spanier, F. and Spiro, S. and Stamatescu, V. and Stamerra, A. and Steinke, B. and Storz, J. and Sun, S. and Surić, T. and Takalo, L. and Takami, H. and Tavecchio, F. and Temnikov, P. and Terzić, T. and Tescaro, D. and Teshima, M. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Toyama, T. and Treves, A. and Uellenbeck, M. and Vogler, P. and Wagner, R. M. and Weitzel, Q. and Zandanel, F. and Zanin, R. and Longo, F. and Lucarelli, F. and Pittori, C. and Vercellone, S. and Bastieri, D. and Sbarra, C. and Angelakis, E. and Fuhrmann, L. and Nestoras, I. and Krichbaum, T. P. and Sievers, A. and Zensus, J. A. and Antonyuk, K. A. and Baumgartner, W. and Berduygin, A. and Carini, M. and Cook, K. and Gehrels, N. and Kadler, M. and Kovalev, Yu. A. and Kovalev, Y. Y. and Krauss, F. and Krimm, H. A. and Lähteenmäki, A. and Lister, M. L. and Max-Moerbeck, W. and Pasanen, M. and Pushkarev, A. B. and Readhead, A. C. S. and Richards, J. L. and Sainio, J. and Shakhovskoy, D. N. and Sokolovsky, K. V. and Tornikoski, M. and Tueller, J. and Weidinger, M. and Wilms, J.},
abstractNote = {Here, BL Lacertae objects are variable at all energy bands on time scales down to minutes. To construct and interpret their spectral energy distribution (SED), simultaneous broad-band observations are mandatory. Up to now, the number of objects studied during such campaigns is very limited and biased towards high flux states. Furthermore, we present the results of a dedicated multi-wavelength study of the high-frequency peaked BL Lacertae (HBL) object and known TeV emitter 1ES 2344+514 by means of a pre-organised campaign. The observations were conducted during simultaneous visibility windows of MAGIC and AGILE in late 2008. The measurements were complemented by Metsähovi, RATAN-600, KVA+Tuorla, Swift and VLBA pointings. Additional coverage was provided by the ongoing long-term F-GAMMA and MOJAVE programs, the OVRO 40-m and CrAO telescopes as well as the Fermi satellite. The obtained SEDs are modelled using a one-zone as well as a self-consistent two-zone synchrotron self-Compton model. As a result, 1ES 2344+514 was found at very low flux states in both X-rays and very high energy gamma rays. Variability was detected in the low frequency radio and X-ray bands only, where for the latter a small flare was observed. The X-ray flare was possibly caused by shock acceleration characterised by similar cooling and acceleration time scales. MOJAVE VLBA monitoring reveals a static jet whose components are stable over time scales of eleven years, contrary to previous findings. There appears to be no significant correlation between the 15 GHz and R-band monitoring light curves. The observations presented here constitute the first multi-wavelength campaign on 1ES 2344+514 from radio to VHE energies and one of the few simultaneous SEDs during low activity states. The quasi-simultaneous Fermi-LAT data poses some challenges for SED modelling, but in general the SEDs are described well by both applied models. The resulting parameters are typical for TeV emitting HBLs. Consequently it remains unclear whether a so-called quiescent state was found in this campaign.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201220714},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 556,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {7}
}

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