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Title: Constraints on the galactic population of TeV pulsar wind nebulae using Fermi Large Area Telescope observations

Abstract

Pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) have been established as the most populous class of TeV γ-ray emitters. Since launch, the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has identified five high-energy (100 MeV < E < 100 GeV) γ-ray sources as PWNe and detected a large number of PWN candidates, all powered by young and energetic pulsars. The wealth of multi-wavelength data available and the new results provided by Fermi-LAT give us an opportunity to find new PWNe and to explore the radiative processes taking place in known ones. The TeV γ-ray unidentified (UNID) sources are the best candidates for finding new PWNe. Using 45 months of Fermi-LAT data for energies above 10 GeV, an analysis was performed near the position of 58 TeV PWNe and UNIDs within 5° of the Galactic plane to establish new constraints on PWN properties and find new clues on the nature of UNIDs. Of the 58 sources, 30 were detected, and this work provides their γ-ray fluxes for energies above 10 GeV. The spectral energy distributions and upper limits, in the multi-wavelength context, also provide new information on the source nature and can help distinguish between emission scenarios, i.e., between classification as a pulsar candidate or asmore » a PWN candidate. Six new GeV PWN candidates are described in detail and compared with existing models. As a result, a population study of GeV PWN candidates as a function of the pulsar/PWN system characteristics is presented.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1356567
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 773; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma rays: general

Citation Formats

Acero, F., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., Dalton, M., D'Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Dermer, C. D., Venere, L. Di, Silva, E. do Couto e., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Falletti, L., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grégoire, T., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hayashi, K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Inoue, Y., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Kamae, T., Kawano, T., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Marelli, M., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Roth, M., Rousseau, R., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Schulz, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takeuchi, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Tinivella, M., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., Werner, M., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., and Yang, Z. Constraints on the galactic population of TeV pulsar wind nebulae using Fermi Large Area Telescope observations. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/773/1/77.
Acero, F., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., Dalton, M., D'Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Dermer, C. D., Venere, L. Di, Silva, E. do Couto e., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Falletti, L., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grégoire, T., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hayashi, K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Inoue, Y., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Kamae, T., Kawano, T., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Marelli, M., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Roth, M., Rousseau, R., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Schulz, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takeuchi, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Tinivella, M., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., Werner, M., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., & Yang, Z. Constraints on the galactic population of TeV pulsar wind nebulae using Fermi Large Area Telescope observations. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/773/1/77.
Acero, F., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Allafort, A., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., Dalton, M., D'Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Dermer, C. D., Venere, L. Di, Silva, E. do Couto e., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Falletti, L., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Focke, W. B., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grégoire, T., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Harding, A. K., Hayashida, M., Hayashi, K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Inoue, Y., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Kamae, T., Kawano, T., Kerr, M., Knödlseder, J., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Marelli, M., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Mehault, J., Michelson, P. F., Mitthumsiri, W., Mizuno, T., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nakamori, T., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Okumura, A., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Roth, M., Rousseau, R., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Schulz, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takeuchi, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Tinivella, M., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Vandenbroucke, J., Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., Werner, M., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., and Yang, Z. Mon . "Constraints on the galactic population of TeV pulsar wind nebulae using Fermi Large Area Telescope observations". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/773/1/77. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356567.
@article{osti_1356567,
title = {Constraints on the galactic population of TeV pulsar wind nebulae using Fermi Large Area Telescope observations},
author = {Acero, F. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Allafort, A. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonamente, E. and Bottacini, E. and Brandt, T. J. and Bregeon, J. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caraveo, P. A. and Cecchi, C. and Charles, E. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chekhtman, A. and Chiang, J. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Conrad, J. and Cutini, S. and Dalton, M. and D'Ammando, F. and de Palma, F. and Dermer, C. D. and Venere, L. Di and Silva, E. do Couto e. and Drell, P. S. and Drlica-Wagner, A. and Falletti, L. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Ferrara, E. C. and Focke, W. B. and Franckowiak, A. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Grégoire, T. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Grove, J. E. and Guiriec, S. and Hadasch, D. and Hanabata, Y. and Harding, A. K. and Hayashida, M. and Hayashi, K. and Hays, E. and Hewitt, J. and Hill, A. B. and Horan, D. and Hou, X. and Hughes, R. E. and Inoue, Y. and Jackson, M. S. and Jogler, T. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Kamae, T. and Kawano, T. and Kerr, M. and Knödlseder, J. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Marelli, M. and Massaro, F. and Mayer, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Mehault, J. and Michelson, P. F. and Mitthumsiri, W. and Mizuno, T. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nakamori, T. and Nemmen, R. and Nuss, E. and Ohsugi, T. and Okumura, A. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Perkins, J. S. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Pivato, G. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Ritz, S. and Roth, M. and Rousseau, R. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Schulz, A. and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Suson, D. J. and Takahashi, H. and Takeuchi, Y. and Thayer, J. G. and Thayer, J. B. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Tibolla, O. and Tinivella, M. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Troja, E. and Uchiyama, Y. and Vandenbroucke, J. and Vasileiou, V. and Vianello, G. and Vitale, V. and Werner, M. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Yang, Z.},
abstractNote = {Pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe) have been established as the most populous class of TeV γ-ray emitters. Since launch, the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has identified five high-energy (100 MeV < E < 100 GeV) γ-ray sources as PWNe and detected a large number of PWN candidates, all powered by young and energetic pulsars. The wealth of multi-wavelength data available and the new results provided by Fermi-LAT give us an opportunity to find new PWNe and to explore the radiative processes taking place in known ones. The TeV γ-ray unidentified (UNID) sources are the best candidates for finding new PWNe. Using 45 months of Fermi-LAT data for energies above 10 GeV, an analysis was performed near the position of 58 TeV PWNe and UNIDs within 5° of the Galactic plane to establish new constraints on PWN properties and find new clues on the nature of UNIDs. Of the 58 sources, 30 were detected, and this work provides their γ-ray fluxes for energies above 10 GeV. The spectral energy distributions and upper limits, in the multi-wavelength context, also provide new information on the source nature and can help distinguish between emission scenarios, i.e., between classification as a pulsar candidate or as a PWN candidate. Six new GeV PWN candidates are described in detail and compared with existing models. As a result, a population study of GeV PWN candidates as a function of the pulsar/PWN system characteristics is presented.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/773/1/77},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 1,
volume = 773,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {7}
}

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  • Chaves, R. C. G.; Renaud, M.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.
  • HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, AIP Conference Proceedings
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Periodic Emission from the Gamma-Ray Binary 1FGL J1018.6-5856
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Two Young Radio Pulsars Coincident with EGRET Sources
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The Vela Pulsar’s Proper Motion and Parallax Derived from VLBI Observations
journal, October 2003

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Exploring the nature of the unidentified very-high-energy gamma-ray source HESS J1507–622
journal, September 2012


Multiband Nonthermal Radiative Properties of hess J1813-178
journal, July 2010


XMM-Newton observations of HESS J1813-178 reveal a composite Supernova remnant
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XMM‐Newton Observations Reveal the X‐Ray Counterpart of the Very High Energy Gamma‐Ray Source HESS J1640−465
journal, June 2007

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Broad-band non-thermal emission from molecular clouds illuminated by cosmic rays from nearby supernova remnants
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Chandra Detection of the High Magnetic Field Radio Pulsar J1119-6127in the Supernova Remnant G292.2-0.5
journal, June 2003

  • Gonzalez, Marjorie; Safi-Harb, Samar
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HEALPix: A Framework for High‐Resolution Discretization and Fast Analysis of Data Distributed on the Sphere
journal, April 2005

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Discovery of a Young, Energetic 70.5 ms Pulsar Associated with the TeV Gamma‐Ray Source HESS J1837−069
journal, July 2008

  • Gotthelf, E. V.; Halpern, J. P.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 681, Issue 1
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Discovery of a Highly Energetic X-Ray Pulsar Powering hess J1813–178 in the Young Supernova Remnant G12.82–0.02
journal, July 2009


DISCOVERY OF AN ENERGETIC 38.5 ms PULSAR POWERING THE GAMMA-RAY SOURCE IGR J18490–0000/HESS J1849–000
journal, February 2011


DETECTION OF THE PULSAR WIND NEBULA HESS J1825–137 WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
journal, August 2011


Pulsed Gamma rays from the Original Millisecond and Black Widow Pulsars: a case for Caustic Radio Emission?
journal, December 2011


On the age of PSR B 1509-58
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Search for TeV Emissions from Pulsars in Binary Systems
journal, February 2003

  • Hall, T. A.; Bond, I. H.; Bradbury, S. M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 583, Issue 2
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The Third EGRET Catalog of High‐Energy Gamma‐Ray Sources
journal, July 1999

  • Hartman, R. C.; Bertsch, D. L.; Bloom, S. D.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 123, Issue 1
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A new SNR with TeV shell-type morphology: HESS J1731-347
journal, June 2011


Detection of very-high-energy γ -ray emission from the vicinity of PSR B1706–44 and G 343.1–2.3 with H.E.S.S.
journal, March 2011


Discovery of the source HESS J1356-645 associated with the young and energetic PSR J1357-6429
journal, September 2011


Revisiting the Westerlund 2 field with the HESS telescope array
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Discovery of VHE emission towards the Carina arm region with the H.E.S.S. telescope array: HESS J1018–589
journal, April 2012


Probing the extent of the non-thermal emission from the Vela X region at TeV energies with H.E.S.S.
journal, November 2012


Discovery and follow-up studies of the extended, off-plane, VHE gamma-ray source HESS J1507-622
journal, November 2010


PSR J1856+0245: Arecibo Discovery of a Young, Energetic Pulsar Coincident with the TeV γ-Ray Source HESS J1857+026
journal, July 2008

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Observations of PSR J2021+3651 and its X‐Ray Pulsar Wind Nebula G75.2+0.1
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Teraelectronvolt Astronomy
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X-Ray Studies of the Black Widow Pulsar psr B1957+20
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A high-frequency search for radio pulsars in three EGRET error boxes: A search for pulsars in EGRET error boxes
journal, August 2008


X-Ray Investigation of the Diffuse Emission Around Plausible γ-Ray Emitting Pulsar wind Nebulae in Kookaburra Region
journal, April 2012


The Supernova Remnant G106.3+2.7 and Its Pulsar‐Wind Nebula: Relics of Triggered Star Formation in a Complex Environment
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  • Kothes, Roland; Uyaniker, Bulent; Pineault, Serge
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The Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey - III. Young pulsars and the discovery and timing of 200 pulsars
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Point Sources of GeV Gamma Rays
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SEARCH FOR SPATIALLY EXTENDED FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SOURCES USING TWO YEARS OF DATA
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Distance Determination to the Crab-Like Pulsar wind Nebula G54.1+0.3 and the Search for its Supernova Remnant Shell
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High-Resolution X-Ray Observations of the Pulsar wind Nebula Associated with the Gamma-Ray Source hess J1640–465
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Discovery of gamma- and X-ray pulsations from the young and energetic PSR J1357−6429 with Fermi and XMM-Newton
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The Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey - VI. Discovery and timing of 142 pulsars and a Galactic population analysis
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Infrared and radio study of the W43 cluster: Resolved binaries and non-thermal emission
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The Australia Telescope National Facility Pulsar Catalogue
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The Parkes multi-beam pulsar survey - I. Observing and data analysis systems, discovery and timing of 100 pulsars
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The Evolution of the γ- and X-Ray Luminosities of Pulsar wind Nebulae
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VLT and Suzaku observations of the Fermi pulsar PSR  J1028−5819
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Chandra Observation of the Unidentified TeV Gamma‐Ray Source HESS J1303−631 in the Galactic Plane
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Two Pulsar Wind Nebulae: Chandra/XMM‐Newton Imaging of GeV J1417−6100
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FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SECOND SOURCE CATALOG
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OBSERVATIONS OF ENERGETIC HIGH MAGNETIC FIELD PULSARS WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
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The supernova remnant CTA1 and the surrounding interstellar medium
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Psr J1838–0537: Discovery of a Young, Energetic Gamma-Ray Pulsar
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PRECISE γ-RAY TIMING AND RADIO OBSERVATIONS OF 17 FERMI γ-RAY PULSARS
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On the nature of HESS J1503-582 revealed by the H.E.S.S. experiment: Coincidence with a FVW?
conference, January 2008

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  • HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, AIP Conference Proceedings
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Multiwavelength Studies of PSR J1420−6048, a Young Pulsar in the Kookaburra
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The “Rabbit”: A Potential Radio Counterpart of GeV J1417−6100
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Fermi -LAT constraints on the pulsar wind nebula nature of HESS J1857+026
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A Closer Look at the Unidentified TeV Source HESS J1614—518
conference, January 2008

  • Rowell, G.; Horns, D.; Fukui, Y.
  • HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, AIP Conference Proceedings
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MSH 10-53 - A supernova remnant interacting with molecular clouds
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Using Chandra to Unveil the High‐Energy Properties of the High Magnetic Field Radio Pulsar J1119−6127
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Nature of the Unidentified TeV Source HESS J1614−518, Revealed by Suzaku and XMM-Newton Observations
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EIGHT γ-RAY PULSARS DISCOVERED IN BLIND FREQUENCY SEARCHES OF FERMI LAT DATA
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DISSECTING THE REGION OF 3EG J1837-0423 AND HESS J1841-055 WITH INTEGRAL
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Fermi Detection of the Pulsar wind Nebula hess J1640–465
journal, August 2010


Particle Acceleration in Relativistic Collisionless Shocks: Fermi Process at Last?
journal, July 2008

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X‐Ray Observation and Analysis of the Composite Supernova Remnant G327.1−1.1
journal, January 1999

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CHANDRA AND XMM OBSERVATIONS OF THE COMPOSITE SUPERNOVA REMNANT G327.1-1.1
journal, January 2009


Discovery of a pulsar wind nebula associated with IGR J18490-0000
conference, January 2008

  • Terrier, R.; Mattana, F.; Djannati-Atai, A.
  • HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, AIP Conference Proceedings
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A new source discovered close to the Galactic Center: HESS J1741-302
conference, January 2008

  • Tibolla, O.; Komin, N.; Kosack, K.
  • HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY: Proceedings of the 4th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3076652

Unidentified galactic high-energy sources as ancient pulsar wind nebulae in the light of new high energy observations and the new code
conference, January 2012

  • Tibolla, O.; Vorster, M.; de Jager, O.
  • HIGH ENERGY GAMMA-RAY ASTRONOMY: 5th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4772269

The Distance to the Crab Nebula and NP 0532
journal, October 1973

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On Pulsar Distance Measurements and Their Uncertainties
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GAMMA-RAY AND RADIO PROPERTIES OF SIX PULSARS DETECTED BY THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
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The Large-Sample Distribution of the Likelihood Ratio for Testing Composite Hypotheses
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DISCOVERY OF GAMMA-RAY EMISSION FROM THE SUPERNOVA REMNANT Kes 17 WITH FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
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Gamma‐Ray Pulsars and Massive Stars in the Solar Neighborhood
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