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Title: The first Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray burst catalog

Abstract

In three years of observations since the beginning of nominal science operations in 2008 August, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope has observed high-energy (gsim 20 MeV) γ-ray emission from 35 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Among these, 28 GRBs have been detected above 100 MeV and 7 GRBs above ~20 MeV. The first Fermi-LAT catalog of GRBs is a compilation of these detections and provides a systematic study of high-energy emission from GRBs for the first time. To generate the catalog, we examined 733 GRBs detected by the Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) on Fermi and processed each of them using the same analysis sequence. Details of the methodology followed by the LAT collaboration for the GRB analysis are provided. Here, we summarize the temporal and spectral properties of the LAT-detected GRBs. We also discuss characteristics of LAT-detected emission such as its delayed onset and longer duration compared with emission detected by the GBM, its power-law temporal decay at late times, and the fact that it is dominated by a power-law spectral component that appears in addition to the usual Band model.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1356559
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 209; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0067-0049
Publisher:
American Astronomical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; catalogs; gamma-ray burst: general; methods: data analysis

Citation Formats

Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Asano, K., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Bhat, P. N., Bissaldi, E., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Bonnell, J., Bouvier, A., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burgess, J. Michael, Buson, S., Byrne, D., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Connaughton, V., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D'Ammando, F., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Dermer, C. D., Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Dingus, B. L., Di Venere, L., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Dubois, R., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Fitzpatrick, G., Foley, S., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goldstein, A., Granot, J., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Gruber, D., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Hayashida, M., Horan, D., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Inoue, Y., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Kataoka, J., Kawano, T., Kippen, R. M., Knödlseder, J., Kocevski, D., Kouveliotou, C., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McBreen, S., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Murgia, S., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Nymark, T., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paciesas, W. S., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Pelassa, V., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Preece, R., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rau, A., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Romoli, C., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Schalk, T. L., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Sonbas, E., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takeuchi, Y., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tierney, D., Tinivella, M., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Tronconi, V., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Horst, A. J. van der, Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Xiong, S., and Yang, Z. The first Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray burst catalog. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/209/1/11.
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Asano, K., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Bhat, P. N., Bissaldi, E., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Bonnell, J., Bouvier, A., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burgess, J. Michael, Buson, S., Byrne, D., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Connaughton, V., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D'Ammando, F., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Dermer, C. D., Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Dingus, B. L., Di Venere, L., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Dubois, R., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Fitzpatrick, G., Foley, S., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goldstein, A., Granot, J., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Gruber, D., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Hayashida, M., Horan, D., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Inoue, Y., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Kataoka, J., Kawano, T., Kippen, R. M., Knödlseder, J., Kocevski, D., Kouveliotou, C., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McBreen, S., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Murgia, S., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Nymark, T., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paciesas, W. S., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Pelassa, V., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Preece, R., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rau, A., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Romoli, C., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Schalk, T. L., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Sonbas, E., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takeuchi, Y., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tierney, D., Tinivella, M., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Tronconi, V., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Horst, A. J. van der, Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Xiong, S., & Yang, Z. The first Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray burst catalog. United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/209/1/11.
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Asano, K., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Bechtol, K., Bellazzini, R., Bhat, P. N., Bissaldi, E., Bloom, E. D., Bonamente, E., Bonnell, J., Bouvier, A., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Brigida, M., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burgess, J. Michael, Buson, S., Byrne, D., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caraveo, P. A., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Connaughton, V., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D'Ammando, F., de Angelis, A., de Palma, F., Dermer, C. D., Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Dingus, B. L., Di Venere, L., Drell, P. S., Drlica-Wagner, A., Dubois, R., Favuzzi, C., Ferrara, E. C., Fitzpatrick, G., Foley, S., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Germani, S., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Goldstein, A., Granot, J., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Gruber, D., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Hanabata, Y., Hayashida, M., Horan, D., Hou, X., Hughes, R. E., Inoue, Y., Jackson, M. S., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Kataoka, J., Kawano, T., Kippen, R. M., Knödlseder, J., Kocevski, D., Kouveliotou, C., Kuss, M., Lande, J., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lee, S. -H., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McBreen, S., McEnery, J. E., McGlynn, S., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monte, C., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Murgia, S., Nemmen, R., Nuss, E., Nymark, T., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paciesas, W. S., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Pelassa, V., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Preece, R., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Rau, A., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Romoli, C., Roth, M., Ryde, F., Saz Parkinson, P. M., Schalk, T. L., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Sonbas, E., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Takahashi, H., Takeuchi, Y., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tierney, D., Tinivella, M., Torres, D. F., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Tronconi, V., Usher, T. L., Vandenbroucke, J., Horst, A. J. van der, Vasileiou, V., Vianello, G., Vitale, V., von Kienlin, A., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Xiong, S., and Yang, Z. Wed . "The first Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray burst catalog". United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/209/1/11. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356559.
@article{osti_1356559,
title = {The first Fermi-LAT Gamma-Ray burst catalog},
author = {Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Asano, K. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Bechtol, K. and Bellazzini, R. and Bhat, P. N. and Bissaldi, E. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonamente, E. and Bonnell, J. and Bouvier, A. and Brandt, T. J. and Bregeon, J. and Brigida, M. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Burgess, J. Michael and Buson, S. and Byrne, D. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caraveo, P. A. and Cecchi, C. and Charles, E. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chekhtman, A. and Chiang, J. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Connaughton, V. and Conrad, J. and Cutini, S. and D'Ammando, F. and de Angelis, A. and de Palma, F. and Dermer, C. D. and Desiante, R. and Digel, S. W. and Dingus, B. L. and Di Venere, L. and Drell, P. S. and Drlica-Wagner, A. and Dubois, R. and Favuzzi, C. and Ferrara, E. C. and Fitzpatrick, G. and Foley, S. and Franckowiak, A. and Fukazawa, Y. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Gehrels, N. and Germani, S. and Giglietto, N. and Giommi, P. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Goldstein, A. and Granot, J. and Grenier, I. A. and Grove, J. E. and Gruber, D. and Guiriec, S. and Hadasch, D. and Hanabata, Y. and Hayashida, M. and Horan, D. and Hou, X. and Hughes, R. E. and Inoue, Y. and Jackson, M. S. and Jogler, T. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, W. N. and Kamae, T. and Kataoka, J. and Kawano, T. and Kippen, R. M. and Knödlseder, J. and Kocevski, D. and Kouveliotou, C. and Kuss, M. and Lande, J. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Lee, S. -H. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Massaro, F. and Mayer, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McBreen, S. and McEnery, J. E. and McGlynn, S. and Michelson, P. F. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monte, C. and Monzani, M. E. and Moretti, E. and Morselli, A. and Murgia, S. and Nemmen, R. and Nuss, E. and Nymark, T. and Ohno, M. and Ohsugi, T. and Omodei, N. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and Paciesas, W. S. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Pelassa, V. and Perkins, J. S. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Pivato, G. and Porter, T. A. and Preece, R. and Racusin, J. L. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Rau, A. and Razzano, M. and Razzaque, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Ritz, S. and Romoli, C. and Roth, M. and Ryde, F. and Saz Parkinson, P. M. and Schalk, T. L. and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Sonbas, E. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Suson, D. J. and Tajima, H. and Takahashi, H. and Takeuchi, Y. and Tanaka, Y. and Thayer, J. G. and Thayer, J. B. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Tierney, D. and Tinivella, M. and Torres, D. F. and Tosti, G. and Troja, E. and Tronconi, V. and Usher, T. L. and Vandenbroucke, J. and Horst, A. J. van der and Vasileiou, V. and Vianello, G. and Vitale, V. and von Kienlin, A. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Wood, M. and Xiong, S. and Yang, Z.},
abstractNote = {In three years of observations since the beginning of nominal science operations in 2008 August, the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope has observed high-energy (gsim 20 MeV) γ-ray emission from 35 gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Among these, 28 GRBs have been detected above 100 MeV and 7 GRBs above ~20 MeV. The first Fermi-LAT catalog of GRBs is a compilation of these detections and provides a systematic study of high-energy emission from GRBs for the first time. To generate the catalog, we examined 733 GRBs detected by the Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor (GBM) on Fermi and processed each of them using the same analysis sequence. Details of the methodology followed by the LAT collaboration for the GRB analysis are provided. Here, we summarize the temporal and spectral properties of the LAT-detected GRBs. We also discuss characteristics of LAT-detected emission such as its delayed onset and longer duration compared with emission detected by the GBM, its power-law temporal decay at late times, and the fact that it is dominated by a power-law spectral component that appears in addition to the usual Band model.},
doi = {10.1088/0067-0049/209/1/11},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series},
number = 1,
volume = 209,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {10}
}

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