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Title: Discovery of a new TeV gamma-ray source: VER J0521+211

Here, we report the detection of a new TeV gamma-ray source, VER J0521+211, based on observations made with the VERITAS imaging atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope Array. These observations were motivated by the discovery of a cluster of >30 GeV photons in the first year of Fermi Large Area Telescope observations. VER J0521+211 is relatively bright at TeV energies, with a mean photon flux of (1.93 ± 0.13 stat ± 0.78 sys) × 10 –11 cm –2 s –1 above 0.2 TeV during the period of the VERITAS observations. The source is strongly variable on a daily timescale across all wavebands, from optical to TeV, with a peak flux corresponding to ~0.3 times the steady Crab Nebula flux at TeV energies. Follow-up observations in the optical and X-ray bands classify the newly discovered TeV source as a BL Lac-type blazar with uncertain redshift, although recent measurements suggest z = 0.108. VER J0521+211 exhibits all the defining properties of blazars in radio, optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astrophysical Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 776; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-637X
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
The VERITAS Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; BL Lacertae objects: individual (VER J0521+211); gamma rays: galaxies
OSTI Identifier:
1356558

Archambault, S., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Behera, B., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Bouvier, A., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cesarini, A., Ciupik, L., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Federici, S., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gall, D., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Kaaret, P., Kertzman, M., Khassen, Y., Kieda, D., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Kumar, S., Lang, M. J., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., Majumdar, P., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Perkins, J. S., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Saxon, D. B., Sembroski, G. H., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Theiling, M., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weekes, T. C., Weinstein, A., Welsing, R., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., Böttcher, M., Fegan, S. J., Fortin, P., Halpern, J. P., Kovalev, Y. Y., Lister, M. L., Liu, J., Pushkarev, A. B., and Smith, P. S.. Discovery of a new TeV gamma-ray source: VER J0521+211. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/776/2/69.
Archambault, S., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Behera, B., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Bouvier, A., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cesarini, A., Ciupik, L., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Federici, S., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gall, D., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Kaaret, P., Kertzman, M., Khassen, Y., Kieda, D., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Kumar, S., Lang, M. J., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., Majumdar, P., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Perkins, J. S., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Saxon, D. B., Sembroski, G. H., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Theiling, M., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weekes, T. C., Weinstein, A., Welsing, R., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., Böttcher, M., Fegan, S. J., Fortin, P., Halpern, J. P., Kovalev, Y. Y., Lister, M. L., Liu, J., Pushkarev, A. B., & Smith, P. S.. Discovery of a new TeV gamma-ray source: VER J0521+211. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/776/2/69.
Archambault, S., Arlen, T., Aune, T., Behera, B., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Bird, R., Bouvier, A., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cesarini, A., Ciupik, L., Connolly, M. P., Cui, W., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Federici, S., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gall, D., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Kaaret, P., Kertzman, M., Khassen, Y., Kieda, D., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Kumar, S., Lang, M. J., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., Majumdar, P., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Perkins, J. S., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Saxon, D. B., Sembroski, G. H., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Theiling, M., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weekes, T. C., Weinstein, A., Welsing, R., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., Böttcher, M., Fegan, S. J., Fortin, P., Halpern, J. P., Kovalev, Y. Y., Lister, M. L., Liu, J., Pushkarev, A. B., and Smith, P. S.. 2013. "Discovery of a new TeV gamma-ray source: VER J0521+211". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/776/2/69. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356558.
@article{osti_1356558,
title = {Discovery of a new TeV gamma-ray source: VER J0521+211},
author = {Archambault, S. and Arlen, T. and Aune, T. and Behera, B. and Beilicke, M. and Benbow, W. and Bird, R. and Bouvier, A. and Buckley, J. H. and Bugaev, V. and Byrum, K. and Cesarini, A. and Ciupik, L. and Connolly, M. P. and Cui, W. and Errando, M. and Falcone, A. and Federici, S. and Feng, Q. and Finley, J. P. and Fortson, L. and Furniss, A. and Galante, N. and Gall, D. and Gillanders, G. H. and Griffin, S. and Grube, J. and Gyuk, G. and Hanna, D. and Holder, J. and Hughes, G. and Humensky, T. B. and Kaaret, P. and Kertzman, M. and Khassen, Y. and Kieda, D. and Krawczynski, H. and Krennrich, F. and Kumar, S. and Lang, M. J. and Madhavan, A. S. and Maier, G. and Majumdar, P. and McArthur, S. and McCann, A. and Millis, J. and Moriarty, P. and Mukherjee, R. and O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A. and Ong, R. A. and Otte, A. N. and Park, N. and Perkins, J. S. and Pohl, M. and Popkow, A. and Prokoph, H. and Quinn, J. and Ragan, K. and Reyes, L. C. and Reynolds, P. T. and Richards, G. T. and Roache, E. and Saxon, D. B. and Sembroski, G. H. and Smith, A. W. and Staszak, D. and Telezhinsky, I. and Theiling, M. and Varlotta, A. and Vassiliev, V. V. and Vincent, S. and Wakely, S. P. and Weekes, T. C. and Weinstein, A. and Welsing, R. and Williams, D. A. and Zitzer, B. and Böttcher, M. and Fegan, S. J. and Fortin, P. and Halpern, J. P. and Kovalev, Y. Y. and Lister, M. L. and Liu, J. and Pushkarev, A. B. and Smith, P. S.},
abstractNote = {Here, we report the detection of a new TeV gamma-ray source, VER J0521+211, based on observations made with the VERITAS imaging atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope Array. These observations were motivated by the discovery of a cluster of >30 GeV photons in the first year of Fermi Large Area Telescope observations. VER J0521+211 is relatively bright at TeV energies, with a mean photon flux of (1.93 ± 0.13stat ± 0.78sys) × 10–11 cm–2 s–1 above 0.2 TeV during the period of the VERITAS observations. The source is strongly variable on a daily timescale across all wavebands, from optical to TeV, with a peak flux corresponding to ~0.3 times the steady Crab Nebula flux at TeV energies. Follow-up observations in the optical and X-ray bands classify the newly discovered TeV source as a BL Lac-type blazar with uncertain redshift, although recent measurements suggest z = 0.108. VER J0521+211 exhibits all the defining properties of blazars in radio, optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray wavelengths.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/776/2/69},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal},
number = 2,
volume = 776,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {9}
}