skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: MAGIC upper limits on the GRB 090102 afterglow

Indications of a GeV component in the emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are known since the Energetic Gamma-Ray Experiment Telescope observations during the 1990s and they have been confirmed by the data of the Fermi satellite. Our results have, however, shown that our understanding of GRB physics is still unsatisfactory. The new generation of Cherenkov observatories and in particular the MAGIC telescope, allow for the first time the possibility to extend the measurement of GRBs from several tens up to hundreds of GeV energy range. Both leptonic and hadronic processes have been suggested to explain the possible GeV/TeV counterpart of GRBs. Observations with ground-based telescopes of very high energy (VHE) photons (E > 30 GeV) from these sources are going to play a key role in discriminating among the different proposed emission mechanisms, which are barely distinguishable at lower energies. MAGIC telescope observations of the GRB 090102 (z = 1.547) field and Fermi Large Area Telescope data in the same time interval are analysed to derive upper limits of the GeV/TeV emission. We compare these results to the expected emissions evaluated for different processes in the framework of a relativistic blastwave model for the afterglow. Simultaneous upper limits with Fermimore » and a Cherenkov telescope have been derived for this GRB observation. We obtained results compatible with the expected emission although the difficulties in predicting the HE and VHE emission for the afterglow of this event makes it difficult to draw firmer conclusions. Nonetheless, MAGIC sensitivity in the energy range of overlap with space-based instruments (above about 40 GeV) is about one order of magnitude better with respect to Fermi. This makes evident the constraining power of ground-based observations and shows that the MAGIC telescope has reached the required performance to make possible GRB multiwavelength studies in the VHE range.« less
Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 437; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher:
Royal Astronomical Society
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal; gamma-ray burst: general
OSTI Identifier:
1356537

Aleksic, J., Ansoldi, S., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Babic, A., de Almeida, U. B., Barrio, J. A., Gonzalez, J. B., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnefoy, S., Bonnoli, G., Borracci, F., Bretz, T., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Fidalgo, D. C., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Lotto, B., Mendez, C. D., Doert, M., Dominguez, A., Prester, D. D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Farina, E., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Frantzen, K., Fruck, C., Lopez, R. J. G., Garczarczyk, M., Terrats, D. G., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinovic, N., Munoz, A. G., Gozzini, S. R., Hadamek, A., Hadasch, D., Herrero, A., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Idec, W., Kadenius, V., Knoetig, M. L., Krahenbuhl, T., Krause, J., Kushida, J., Barbera, A. L., Lelas, D., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., Lopez-Coto, R., Lopez, M., Lopez-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Lozano, I., Makariev, M., Mallot, K., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Marcote, B., Mariotti, M., Martinez, M., Masbou, J., Mazin, D., Menzel, U., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldon, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Nakajima, D., Niedzwiecki, A., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Overkemping, A., Paiano, S., Palatiello, M., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Persic, M., Prada, F., Moroni, P. G. P., Prandini, E., Preziuso, S., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribo, M., Rico, J., Garcia, J. R., Rugamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpaa, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Storz, J., Sun, S., Suric, T., Takalo, L., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzic, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Thaele, J., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Toyama, T., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Bouvier, A., Hayashida, M., Tajima, H., and Longo, F.. MAGIC upper limits on the GRB 090102 afterglow. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt2041.
Aleksic, J., Ansoldi, S., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Babic, A., de Almeida, U. B., Barrio, J. A., Gonzalez, J. B., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnefoy, S., Bonnoli, G., Borracci, F., Bretz, T., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Fidalgo, D. C., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Lotto, B., Mendez, C. D., Doert, M., Dominguez, A., Prester, D. D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Farina, E., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Frantzen, K., Fruck, C., Lopez, R. J. G., Garczarczyk, M., Terrats, D. G., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinovic, N., Munoz, A. G., Gozzini, S. R., Hadamek, A., Hadasch, D., Herrero, A., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Idec, W., Kadenius, V., Knoetig, M. L., Krahenbuhl, T., Krause, J., Kushida, J., Barbera, A. L., Lelas, D., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., Lopez-Coto, R., Lopez, M., Lopez-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Lozano, I., Makariev, M., Mallot, K., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Marcote, B., Mariotti, M., Martinez, M., Masbou, J., Mazin, D., Menzel, U., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldon, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Nakajima, D., Niedzwiecki, A., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Overkemping, A., Paiano, S., Palatiello, M., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Persic, M., Prada, F., Moroni, P. G. P., Prandini, E., Preziuso, S., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribo, M., Rico, J., Garcia, J. R., Rugamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpaa, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Storz, J., Sun, S., Suric, T., Takalo, L., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzic, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Thaele, J., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Toyama, T., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Bouvier, A., Hayashida, M., Tajima, H., & Longo, F.. MAGIC upper limits on the GRB 090102 afterglow. United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt2041.
Aleksic, J., Ansoldi, S., Antonelli, L. A., Antoranz, P., Babic, A., de Almeida, U. B., Barrio, J. A., Gonzalez, J. B., Bednarek, W., Berger, K., Bernardini, E., Biland, A., Blanch, O., Bock, R. K., Boller, A., Bonnefoy, S., Bonnoli, G., Borracci, F., Bretz, T., Carmona, E., Carosi, A., Fidalgo, D. C., Colin, P., Colombo, E., Contreras, J. L., Cortina, J., Cossio, L., Covino, S., Da Vela, P., Dazzi, F., De Angelis, A., De Caneva, G., De Lotto, B., Mendez, C. D., Doert, M., Dominguez, A., Prester, D. D., Dorner, D., Doro, M., Eisenacher, D., Elsaesser, D., Farina, E., Ferenc, D., Fonseca, M. V., Font, L., Frantzen, K., Fruck, C., Lopez, R. J. G., Garczarczyk, M., Terrats, D. G., Gaug, M., Giavitto, G., Godinovic, N., Munoz, A. G., Gozzini, S. R., Hadamek, A., Hadasch, D., Herrero, A., Hose, J., Hrupec, D., Idec, W., Kadenius, V., Knoetig, M. L., Krahenbuhl, T., Krause, J., Kushida, J., Barbera, A. L., Lelas, D., Lewandowska, N., Lindfors, E., Lombardi, S., Lopez-Coto, R., Lopez, M., Lopez-Oramas, A., Lorenz, E., Lozano, I., Makariev, M., Mallot, K., Maneva, G., Mankuzhiyil, N., Mannheim, K., Maraschi, L., Marcote, B., Mariotti, M., Martinez, M., Masbou, J., Mazin, D., Menzel, U., Meucci, M., Miranda, J. M., Mirzoyan, R., Moldon, J., Moralejo, A., Munar-Adrover, P., Nakajima, D., Niedzwiecki, A., Nilsson, K., Nowak, N., Orito, R., Overkemping, A., Paiano, S., Palatiello, M., Paneque, D., Paoletti, R., Paredes, J. M., Partini, S., Persic, M., Prada, F., Moroni, P. G. P., Prandini, E., Preziuso, S., Puljak, I., Reichardt, I., Reinthal, R., Rhode, W., Ribo, M., Rico, J., Garcia, J. R., Rugamer, S., Saggion, A., Saito, K., Saito, T., Salvati, M., Satalecka, K., Scalzotto, V., Scapin, V., Schultz, C., Schweizer, T., Shore, S. N., Sillanpaa, A., Sitarek, J., Snidaric, I., Sobczynska, D., Spanier, F., Stamatescu, V., Stamerra, A., Storz, J., Sun, S., Suric, T., Takalo, L., Tavecchio, F., Temnikov, P., Terzic, T., Tescaro, D., Teshima, M., Thaele, J., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Toyama, T., Treves, A., Uellenbeck, M., Vogler, P., Wagner, R. M., Weitzel, Q., Zandanel, F., Zanin, R., Bouvier, A., Hayashida, M., Tajima, H., and Longo, F.. 2013. "MAGIC upper limits on the GRB 090102 afterglow". United States. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt2041. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356537.
@article{osti_1356537,
title = {MAGIC upper limits on the GRB 090102 afterglow},
author = {Aleksic, J. and Ansoldi, S. and Antonelli, L. A. and Antoranz, P. and Babic, A. and de Almeida, U. B. and Barrio, J. A. and Gonzalez, J. B. and Bednarek, W. and Berger, K. and Bernardini, E. and Biland, A. and Blanch, O. and Bock, R. K. and Boller, A. and Bonnefoy, S. and Bonnoli, G. and Borracci, F. and Bretz, T. and Carmona, E. and Carosi, A. and Fidalgo, D. C. and Colin, P. and Colombo, E. and Contreras, J. L. and Cortina, J. and Cossio, L. and Covino, S. and Da Vela, P. and Dazzi, F. and De Angelis, A. and De Caneva, G. and De Lotto, B. and Mendez, C. D. and Doert, M. and Dominguez, A. and Prester, D. D. and Dorner, D. and Doro, M. and Eisenacher, D. and Elsaesser, D. and Farina, E. and Ferenc, D. and Fonseca, M. V. and Font, L. and Frantzen, K. and Fruck, C. and Lopez, R. J. G. and Garczarczyk, M. and Terrats, D. G. and Gaug, M. and Giavitto, G. and Godinovic, N. and Munoz, A. G. and Gozzini, S. R. and Hadamek, A. and Hadasch, D. and Herrero, A. and Hose, J. and Hrupec, D. and Idec, W. and Kadenius, V. and Knoetig, M. L. and Krahenbuhl, T. and Krause, J. and Kushida, J. and Barbera, A. L. and Lelas, D. and Lewandowska, N. and Lindfors, E. and Lombardi, S. and Lopez-Coto, R. and Lopez, M. and Lopez-Oramas, A. and Lorenz, E. and Lozano, I. and Makariev, M. and Mallot, K. and Maneva, G. and Mankuzhiyil, N. and Mannheim, K. and Maraschi, L. and Marcote, B. and Mariotti, M. and Martinez, M. and Masbou, J. and Mazin, D. and Menzel, U. and Meucci, M. and Miranda, J. M. and Mirzoyan, R. and Moldon, J. and Moralejo, A. and Munar-Adrover, P. and Nakajima, D. and Niedzwiecki, A. and Nilsson, K. and Nowak, N. and Orito, R. and Overkemping, A. and Paiano, S. and Palatiello, M. and Paneque, D. and Paoletti, R. and Paredes, J. M. and Partini, S. and Persic, M. and Prada, F. and Moroni, P. G. P. and Prandini, E. and Preziuso, S. and Puljak, I. and Reichardt, I. and Reinthal, R. and Rhode, W. and Ribo, M. and Rico, J. and Garcia, J. R. and Rugamer, S. and Saggion, A. and Saito, K. and Saito, T. and Salvati, M. and Satalecka, K. and Scalzotto, V. and Scapin, V. and Schultz, C. and Schweizer, T. and Shore, S. N. and Sillanpaa, A. and Sitarek, J. and Snidaric, I. and Sobczynska, D. and Spanier, F. and Stamatescu, V. and Stamerra, A. and Storz, J. and Sun, S. and Suric, T. and Takalo, L. and Tavecchio, F. and Temnikov, P. and Terzic, T. and Tescaro, D. and Teshima, M. and Thaele, J. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Toyama, T. and Treves, A. and Uellenbeck, M. and Vogler, P. and Wagner, R. M. and Weitzel, Q. and Zandanel, F. and Zanin, R. and Bouvier, A. and Hayashida, M. and Tajima, H. and Longo, F.},
abstractNote = {Indications of a GeV component in the emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are known since the Energetic Gamma-Ray Experiment Telescope observations during the 1990s and they have been confirmed by the data of the Fermi satellite. Our results have, however, shown that our understanding of GRB physics is still unsatisfactory. The new generation of Cherenkov observatories and in particular the MAGIC telescope, allow for the first time the possibility to extend the measurement of GRBs from several tens up to hundreds of GeV energy range. Both leptonic and hadronic processes have been suggested to explain the possible GeV/TeV counterpart of GRBs. Observations with ground-based telescopes of very high energy (VHE) photons (E > 30 GeV) from these sources are going to play a key role in discriminating among the different proposed emission mechanisms, which are barely distinguishable at lower energies. MAGIC telescope observations of the GRB 090102 (z = 1.547) field and Fermi Large Area Telescope data in the same time interval are analysed to derive upper limits of the GeV/TeV emission. We compare these results to the expected emissions evaluated for different processes in the framework of a relativistic blastwave model for the afterglow. Simultaneous upper limits with Fermi and a Cherenkov telescope have been derived for this GRB observation. We obtained results compatible with the expected emission although the difficulties in predicting the HE and VHE emission for the afterglow of this event makes it difficult to draw firmer conclusions. Nonetheless, MAGIC sensitivity in the energy range of overlap with space-based instruments (above about 40 GeV) is about one order of magnitude better with respect to Fermi. This makes evident the constraining power of ground-based observations and shows that the MAGIC telescope has reached the required performance to make possible GRB multiwavelength studies in the VHE range.},
doi = {10.1093/mnras/stt2041},
journal = {Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society},
number = 4,
volume = 437,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {12}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Random Forests
journal, January 2001