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Title: Local increase of anticyclonic wave activity over northern Eurasia under amplified Arctic warming

Abstract

In an attempt to resolve the controversy as to whether Arctic sea ice loss leads to more mid-latitude extremes, a metric of finite-amplitude wave activity is adopted to quantify the midlatitude wave activity and its change during the observed period of the drastic Arctic sea ice decline in both ERA Interim reanalysis data and a set of AMIP-type of atmospheric model experiments. Here, neither the experiment with the trend in the SST or that with the declining trend of Arctic sea ice can simulate the sizable midlatitude-wide reduction in the total wave activity (Ae) observed in the reanalysis, leaving its explanation to the atmospheric internal variability. On the other hand, both the diagnostics of the flux of the local wave activity and the model experiments lend evidence to a possible linkage between the sea ice loss near the Barents and Kara seas and the increasing trend of anticyclonic local wave activity over the northern part of the central Eurasia and the associated impacts on the frequency of temperature extremes.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Nanjing Univ. (China)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1356503
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1402148
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-125601
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276; KP1703010; KP1703010
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; SC0016117
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 44; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Arctic amplification; local wave activity; sea ice melting; extreme weather

Citation Formats

Xue, Daokai, Lu, Jian, Sun, Lantao, Chen, Gang, and Zhang, Yaocun. Local increase of anticyclonic wave activity over northern Eurasia under amplified Arctic warming. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/2017GL072649.
Xue, Daokai, Lu, Jian, Sun, Lantao, Chen, Gang, & Zhang, Yaocun. Local increase of anticyclonic wave activity over northern Eurasia under amplified Arctic warming. United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL072649.
Xue, Daokai, Lu, Jian, Sun, Lantao, Chen, Gang, and Zhang, Yaocun. Mon . "Local increase of anticyclonic wave activity over northern Eurasia under amplified Arctic warming". United States. doi:10.1002/2017GL072649. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356503.
@article{osti_1356503,
title = {Local increase of anticyclonic wave activity over northern Eurasia under amplified Arctic warming},
author = {Xue, Daokai and Lu, Jian and Sun, Lantao and Chen, Gang and Zhang, Yaocun},
abstractNote = {In an attempt to resolve the controversy as to whether Arctic sea ice loss leads to more mid-latitude extremes, a metric of finite-amplitude wave activity is adopted to quantify the midlatitude wave activity and its change during the observed period of the drastic Arctic sea ice decline in both ERA Interim reanalysis data and a set of AMIP-type of atmospheric model experiments. Here, neither the experiment with the trend in the SST or that with the declining trend of Arctic sea ice can simulate the sizable midlatitude-wide reduction in the total wave activity (Ae) observed in the reanalysis, leaving its explanation to the atmospheric internal variability. On the other hand, both the diagnostics of the flux of the local wave activity and the model experiments lend evidence to a possible linkage between the sea ice loss near the Barents and Kara seas and the increasing trend of anticyclonic local wave activity over the northern part of the central Eurasia and the associated impacts on the frequency of temperature extremes.},
doi = {10.1002/2017GL072649},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 7,
volume = 44,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}

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