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Title: CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM GRB 130427A

In this study, prompt emission from the very fluent and nearby (z = 0.34) gamma-ray burst GRB 130427A was detected by several orbiting telescopes and by ground-based, wide-field-of-view optical transient monitors. Apart from the intensity and proximity of this GRB, it is exceptional due to the extremely long-lived high-energy (100 MeV to 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission, which was detected by the Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope for ~70 ks after the initial burst. The persistent, hard-spectrum, high-energy emission suggests that the highest-energy gamma rays may have been produced via synchrotron self-Compton processes though there is also evidence that the high-energy emission may instead be an extension of the synchrotron spectrum. VERITAS, a ground-based imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescope array, began follow-up observations of GRB 130427A ~71 ks (~20 hr) after the onset of the burst. The GRB was not detected with VERITAS; however, the high elevation of the observations, coupled with the low redshift of the GRB, make VERITAS a very sensitive probe of the emission from GRB 130427A for E > 100 GeV. In conclusion, the non-detection and consequent upper limit derived place constraints on the synchrotron self-Compton model of high-energy gamma-ray emission from this burst.
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 795; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Orgs:
VERITAS Collaboration; Fermi-LAT Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma-ray burst; individual (GRB 130427A)
OSTI Identifier:
1356437

Aliu, E., Aune, T., Barnacka, A., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Berger, K., Biteau, J., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cardenzana, J. V., Cerruti, M., Chen, X., Ciupik, L., Connaughton, V., Cui, W., Dickinson, H. J., Eisch, J. D., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Federici, S., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fleischhack, H., Fortin, P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Griffiths, S. T., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Håkansson, N., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kertzman, M., Khassen, Y., Kieda, D., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Meagher, K., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Nieto, D., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Rajotte, J., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Tucci, J. V., Tyler, J., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weiner, O. M., Weinstein, A., Welsing, R., Wilhelm, A., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., McEnery, J. E., Perkins, J. S., Veres, P., and Zhu, S.. CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM GRB 130427A. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/795/1/L3.
Aliu, E., Aune, T., Barnacka, A., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Berger, K., Biteau, J., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cardenzana, J. V., Cerruti, M., Chen, X., Ciupik, L., Connaughton, V., Cui, W., Dickinson, H. J., Eisch, J. D., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Federici, S., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fleischhack, H., Fortin, P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Griffiths, S. T., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Håkansson, N., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kertzman, M., Khassen, Y., Kieda, D., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Meagher, K., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Nieto, D., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Rajotte, J., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Tucci, J. V., Tyler, J., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weiner, O. M., Weinstein, A., Welsing, R., Wilhelm, A., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., McEnery, J. E., Perkins, J. S., Veres, P., & Zhu, S.. CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM GRB 130427A. United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/795/1/L3.
Aliu, E., Aune, T., Barnacka, A., Beilicke, M., Benbow, W., Berger, K., Biteau, J., Buckley, J. H., Bugaev, V., Byrum, K., Cardenzana, J. V., Cerruti, M., Chen, X., Ciupik, L., Connaughton, V., Cui, W., Dickinson, H. J., Eisch, J. D., Errando, M., Falcone, A., Federici, S., Feng, Q., Finley, J. P., Fleischhack, H., Fortin, P., Fortson, L., Furniss, A., Galante, N., Gillanders, G. H., Griffin, S., Griffiths, S. T., Grube, J., Gyuk, G., Håkansson, N., Hanna, D., Holder, J., Hughes, G., Humensky, T. B., Johnson, C. A., Kaaret, P., Kar, P., Kertzman, M., Khassen, Y., Kieda, D., Krawczynski, H., Krennrich, F., Lang, M. J., Madhavan, A. S., Maier, G., McArthur, S., McCann, A., Meagher, K., Millis, J., Moriarty, P., Mukherjee, R., Nieto, D., O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A., Ong, R. A., Otte, A. N., Park, N., Pohl, M., Popkow, A., Prokoph, H., Pueschel, E., Quinn, J., Ragan, K., Rajotte, J., Reyes, L. C., Reynolds, P. T., Richards, G. T., Roache, E., Sembroski, G. H., Shahinyan, K., Smith, A. W., Staszak, D., Telezhinsky, I., Tucci, J. V., Tyler, J., Varlotta, A., Vassiliev, V. V., Vincent, S., Wakely, S. P., Weiner, O. M., Weinstein, A., Welsing, R., Wilhelm, A., Williams, D. A., Zitzer, B., McEnery, J. E., Perkins, J. S., Veres, P., and Zhu, S.. 2014. "CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM GRB 130427A". United States. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/795/1/L3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1356437.
@article{osti_1356437,
title = {CONSTRAINTS ON VERY HIGH ENERGY EMISSION FROM GRB 130427A},
author = {Aliu, E. and Aune, T. and Barnacka, A. and Beilicke, M. and Benbow, W. and Berger, K. and Biteau, J. and Buckley, J. H. and Bugaev, V. and Byrum, K. and Cardenzana, J. V. and Cerruti, M. and Chen, X. and Ciupik, L. and Connaughton, V. and Cui, W. and Dickinson, H. J. and Eisch, J. D. and Errando, M. and Falcone, A. and Federici, S. and Feng, Q. and Finley, J. P. and Fleischhack, H. and Fortin, P. and Fortson, L. and Furniss, A. and Galante, N. and Gillanders, G. H. and Griffin, S. and Griffiths, S. T. and Grube, J. and Gyuk, G. and Håkansson, N. and Hanna, D. and Holder, J. and Hughes, G. and Humensky, T. B. and Johnson, C. A. and Kaaret, P. and Kar, P. and Kertzman, M. and Khassen, Y. and Kieda, D. and Krawczynski, H. and Krennrich, F. and Lang, M. J. and Madhavan, A. S. and Maier, G. and McArthur, S. and McCann, A. and Meagher, K. and Millis, J. and Moriarty, P. and Mukherjee, R. and Nieto, D. and O'Faoláin de Bhróithe, A. and Ong, R. A. and Otte, A. N. and Park, N. and Pohl, M. and Popkow, A. and Prokoph, H. and Pueschel, E. and Quinn, J. and Ragan, K. and Rajotte, J. and Reyes, L. C. and Reynolds, P. T. and Richards, G. T. and Roache, E. and Sembroski, G. H. and Shahinyan, K. and Smith, A. W. and Staszak, D. and Telezhinsky, I. and Tucci, J. V. and Tyler, J. and Varlotta, A. and Vassiliev, V. V. and Vincent, S. and Wakely, S. P. and Weiner, O. M. and Weinstein, A. and Welsing, R. and Wilhelm, A. and Williams, D. A. and Zitzer, B. and McEnery, J. E. and Perkins, J. S. and Veres, P. and Zhu, S.},
abstractNote = {In this study, prompt emission from the very fluent and nearby (z = 0.34) gamma-ray burst GRB 130427A was detected by several orbiting telescopes and by ground-based, wide-field-of-view optical transient monitors. Apart from the intensity and proximity of this GRB, it is exceptional due to the extremely long-lived high-energy (100 MeV to 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission, which was detected by the Large Area Telescope on the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope for ~70 ks after the initial burst. The persistent, hard-spectrum, high-energy emission suggests that the highest-energy gamma rays may have been produced via synchrotron self-Compton processes though there is also evidence that the high-energy emission may instead be an extension of the synchrotron spectrum. VERITAS, a ground-based imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescope array, began follow-up observations of GRB 130427A ~71 ks (~20 hr) after the onset of the burst. The GRB was not detected with VERITAS; however, the high elevation of the observations, coupled with the low redshift of the GRB, make VERITAS a very sensitive probe of the emission from GRB 130427A for E > 100 GeV. In conclusion, the non-detection and consequent upper limit derived place constraints on the synchrotron self-Compton model of high-energy gamma-ray emission from this burst.},
doi = {10.1088/2041-8205/795/1/L3},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 795,
place = {United States},
year = {2014},
month = {10}
}