skip to main content


Title: Path length dependent neutron diffraction peak shifts observed during residual strain measurements in U–8 wt% Mo castings

This study reports an angular diffraction peak shift that scales linearly with the neutron beam path length traveled through a diffracting sample. This shift was observed in the context of mapping the residual stress state of a large U–8 wt% Mo casting, as well as during complementary measurements on a smaller casting of the same material. If uncorrected, this peak shift implies a non-physical level of residual stress. A hypothesis for the origin of this shift is presented, based upon non-ideal focusing of the neutron monochromator in combination with changes to the wavelength distribution reaching the detector due to factors such as attenuation. The magnitude of the shift is observed to vary linearly with the width of the diffraction peak reaching the detector. Consideration of this shift will be important for strain measurements requiring long path lengths through samples with significant attenuation. This effect can probably be reduced by selecting smaller voxel slit widths.
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [3] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States). Dept. of Material Science and Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5767; JACGAR
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0001942; AC05-00OR22725
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Applied Crystallography (Online); Journal Volume: 50; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1600-5767
International Union of Crystallography
Research Org:
Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant (Y-12), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Neutron Diffraction; Residual Stress Mapping; Strain Measurement; U-Mo; Focusing Monochromators; attenuation; Residual Stress Measurement; Focusing Monochromator
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1366388