skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: The shale gas revolution: Barriers, sustainability, and emerging opportunities

Shale gas and hydraulic refracturing has revolutionized the US energy sector in terms of prices, consumption, and CO 2 emissions. However, key questions remain including environmental concerns and extraction efficiencies that are leveling off. For the first time, we identify key discoveries, lessons learned, and recommendations from this shale gas revolution through extensive data mining and analysis of 23 years of production from 20,000 wells. Discoveries include identification of a learning-by-doing process where disruptive technology innovation led to a doubling in shale gas extraction, how refracturing with emerging technologies can transform existing wells, and how overall shale gas production is actually dominated by long-term tail production rather than the high-profile initial exponentially-declining production in the first 12 months. We hypothesize that tail production can be manipulated, through better fracturing techniques and alternative working fluids such as CO 2, to increase shale gas recovery and minimize environmental impacts such as through carbon sequestration.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-23647
Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Applied Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 199; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-2619
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
03 NATURAL GAS; Earth Sciences; Shale gas; Hydraulic fracturing; Barnett shale; Refracturing; Carbon sequestration; Energy security
OSTI Identifier:
1355941
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1357142

Middleton, Richard S., Gupta, Rajan, Hyman, Jeffrey D., and Viswanathan, Hari S.. The shale gas revolution: Barriers, sustainability, and emerging opportunities. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.034.
Middleton, Richard S., Gupta, Rajan, Hyman, Jeffrey D., & Viswanathan, Hari S.. The shale gas revolution: Barriers, sustainability, and emerging opportunities. United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.034.
Middleton, Richard S., Gupta, Rajan, Hyman, Jeffrey D., and Viswanathan, Hari S.. 2017. "The shale gas revolution: Barriers, sustainability, and emerging opportunities". United States. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.034.
@article{osti_1355941,
title = {The shale gas revolution: Barriers, sustainability, and emerging opportunities},
author = {Middleton, Richard S. and Gupta, Rajan and Hyman, Jeffrey D. and Viswanathan, Hari S.},
abstractNote = {Shale gas and hydraulic refracturing has revolutionized the US energy sector in terms of prices, consumption, and CO2 emissions. However, key questions remain including environmental concerns and extraction efficiencies that are leveling off. For the first time, we identify key discoveries, lessons learned, and recommendations from this shale gas revolution through extensive data mining and analysis of 23 years of production from 20,000 wells. Discoveries include identification of a learning-by-doing process where disruptive technology innovation led to a doubling in shale gas extraction, how refracturing with emerging technologies can transform existing wells, and how overall shale gas production is actually dominated by long-term tail production rather than the high-profile initial exponentially-declining production in the first 12 months. We hypothesize that tail production can be manipulated, through better fracturing techniques and alternative working fluids such as CO2, to increase shale gas recovery and minimize environmental impacts such as through carbon sequestration.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.04.034},
journal = {Applied Energy},
number = C,
volume = 199,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}