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Title: Direct Evidence for Solid-like Hydrogen in a Nanoporous Carbon Hydrogen Storage Material at Supercritical Temperatures

Here in this paper we report direct physical evidence that confinement of molecular hydrogen (H 2) in an optimized nanoporous carbon results in accumulation of hydrogen with characteristics commensurate with solid H 2 at temperatures up to 67 K above the liquid vapor critical temperature of bulk H 2. This extreme densification is attributed to confinement of 112 molecules in the optimally sized micropores, and occurs at pressures as low as 0.02 MPa. The quantities of contained, solid-like H 2 increased with pressure and were directly evaluated using in situ inelastic neutron scattering and confirmed by analysis of gas sorption isotherms. The demonstration of the existence of solid-like H 2 challenges the existing assumption that supercritical hydrogen confined in nanopores has an upper limit of liquid H 2 density. Thus, this insight offers opportunities for the development of more accurate models for the evaluation and design of nanoporous materials for high capacity adsorptive hydrogen storage.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Bath (United Kingdom). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Materials Division
  3. Leibniz Inst. for New Materials (INM), Saarbrucken (Germany); Saarland Univ. (Germany). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  4. Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), Oxford (United Kingdom). Rutherford Appleton Lab., ISIS Neutron Source
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Nano
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; carbon; hydrogen storage; nanoporous materials; neutron scattering
OSTI Identifier:
1355879

Ting, Valeska P., Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J., Bimbo, Nuno, Sharpe, Jessica E., Noguera-Diaz, Antonio, Presser, Volker, Rudic, Svemir, and Mays, Timothy J.. Direct Evidence for Solid-like Hydrogen in a Nanoporous Carbon Hydrogen Storage Material at Supercritical Temperatures. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b02623.
Ting, Valeska P., Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J., Bimbo, Nuno, Sharpe, Jessica E., Noguera-Diaz, Antonio, Presser, Volker, Rudic, Svemir, & Mays, Timothy J.. Direct Evidence for Solid-like Hydrogen in a Nanoporous Carbon Hydrogen Storage Material at Supercritical Temperatures. United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b02623.
Ting, Valeska P., Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J., Bimbo, Nuno, Sharpe, Jessica E., Noguera-Diaz, Antonio, Presser, Volker, Rudic, Svemir, and Mays, Timothy J.. 2015. "Direct Evidence for Solid-like Hydrogen in a Nanoporous Carbon Hydrogen Storage Material at Supercritical Temperatures". United States. doi:10.1021/acsnano.5b02623. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1355879.
@article{osti_1355879,
title = {Direct Evidence for Solid-like Hydrogen in a Nanoporous Carbon Hydrogen Storage Material at Supercritical Temperatures},
author = {Ting, Valeska P. and Ramirez-Cuesta, Anibal J. and Bimbo, Nuno and Sharpe, Jessica E. and Noguera-Diaz, Antonio and Presser, Volker and Rudic, Svemir and Mays, Timothy J.},
abstractNote = {Here in this paper we report direct physical evidence that confinement of molecular hydrogen (H2) in an optimized nanoporous carbon results in accumulation of hydrogen with characteristics commensurate with solid H2 at temperatures up to 67 K above the liquid vapor critical temperature of bulk H2. This extreme densification is attributed to confinement of 112 molecules in the optimally sized micropores, and occurs at pressures as low as 0.02 MPa. The quantities of contained, solid-like H2 increased with pressure and were directly evaluated using in situ inelastic neutron scattering and confirmed by analysis of gas sorption isotherms. The demonstration of the existence of solid-like H2 challenges the existing assumption that supercritical hydrogen confined in nanopores has an upper limit of liquid H2 density. Thus, this insight offers opportunities for the development of more accurate models for the evaluation and design of nanoporous materials for high capacity adsorptive hydrogen storage.},
doi = {10.1021/acsnano.5b02623},
journal = {ACS Nano},
number = 8,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {7}
}