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Title: Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113

In this paper, the addition of a 28 m Cherenkov telescope (CT5) to the H.E.S.S. array extended the experiment’s sensitivityto lower energies. The lowest energy threshold is obtained using monoscopic analysis of data taken with CT5, providing access to gamma-ray energies below 100 GeV for small zenith angle observations. Such an extension of the instrument’s energy range is particularly beneficial for studies of active galactic nuclei with soft spectra, as expected for those at a redshift ≥0.5. The high-frequency peaked BL Lac objects PKS 2155–304 (z = 0.116) and PG 1553+113 (0.43 < z < 0.58) are among the brightest objects in the gamma-ray sky, both showing clear signatures of gamma-ray absorption at E > 100 GeV interpreted as being due to interactions with the extragalactic background light (EBL). Furthermore, the aims of this work are twofold: to demonstrate the monoscopic analysis of CT5 data with a low energy threshold, and to obtain accurate measurements of the spectral energy distributions (SED) of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 near their SED peaks at energies ≈100 GeV. Multiple observational campaigns of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were conducted during 2013 and 2014 using the full H.E.S.S. II instrument (CT1–5). A monoscopic analysismore » of the data taken with the new CT5 telescope was developed along with an investigation into the systematic uncertainties on the spectral parameters which are derived from this analysis. As a result, using the data from CT5, the energy spectra of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were reconstructed down to conservative threshold energies of 80 GeV for PKS 2155–304, which transits near zenith, and 110 GeV for the more northern PG 1553+113. The measured spectra, well fitted in both cases by a log-parabola spectral model (with a 5.0σ statistical preference for non-zero curvature for PKS 2155–304 and 4.5σ for PG 1553+113), were found consistent with spectra derived from contemporaneous Fermi-LAT data, indicating a sharp break in the observed spectra of both sources at E ≈ 100 GeV. When corrected for EBL absorption, the intrinsic H.E.S.S. II mono and Fermi-LAT spectrum of PKS 2155–304 was found to show significant curvature. For PG 1553+113, however, no significant detection of curvature in the intrinsic spectrum could be found within statistical and systematic uncertainties.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 600; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
H.E.S.S. Collaboration; LAT Collaboration
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; galaxies: active; BL Lacertae objects: individual: PKS 2155-304; BL Lacertae objects: individual: PG 1553+113; gamma rays: galaxies
OSTI Identifier:
1355727

Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., de Naurois, M., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., van Eldik, C., van Soelen, B., Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bonino, R., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costanza, F., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desiante, R., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Donaggio, B., Favuzzi, C., Focke, W. B., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Larsson, S., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Razzano, M., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spinelli, P., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Troja, E., Vianello, G., and Wood, K. S.. Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629427.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., de Naurois, M., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., van Eldik, C., van Soelen, B., Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bonino, R., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costanza, F., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desiante, R., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Donaggio, B., Favuzzi, C., Focke, W. B., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Larsson, S., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Razzano, M., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spinelli, P., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Troja, E., Vianello, G., & Wood, K. S.. Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629427.
Abdalla, H., Abramowski, A., Aharonian, F., Ait Benkhali, F., Akhperjanian, A. G., Andersson, T., Angüner, E. O., Arrieta, M., Aubert, P., Backes, M., Balzer, A., Barnard, M., Becherini, Y., Becker Tjus, J., Berge, D., Bernhard, S., Bernlöhr, K., Blackwell, R., Böttcher, M., Boisson, C., Bolmont, J., Bordas, P., Brun, F., Brun, P., Bryan, M., Bulik, T., Capasso, M., Carr, J., Casanova, S., Cerruti, M., Chakraborty, N., Chalme-Calvet, R., Chaves, R. C. G., Chen, A., Chevalier, J., Chrétien, M., Colafrancesco, S., Cologna, G., Condon, B., Conrad, J., Couturier, C., Cui, Y., Davids, I. D., Degrange, B., Deil, C., Devin, J., deWilt, P., Dirson, L., Djannati-Ataï, A., Domainko, W., Donath, A., Drury, L. O’C., Dubus, G., Dutson, K., Dyks, J., Edwards, T., Egberts, K., Eger, P., Ernenwein, J. -P., Eschbach, S., Farnier, C., Fegan, S., Fernandes, M. V., Fiasson, A., Fontaine, G., Förster, A., Funk, S., Füßling, M., Gabici, S., Gajdus, M., Gallant, Y. A., Garrigoux, T., Giavitto, G., Giebels, B., Glicenstein, J. F., Gottschall, D., Goyal, A., Grondin, M. -H., Hadasch, D., Hahn, J., Haupt, M., Hawkes, J., Heinzelmann, G., Henri, G., Hermann, G., Hervet, O., Hillert, A., Hinton, J. A., Hofmann, W., Hoischen, C., Holler, M., Horns, D., Ivascenko, A., Jacholkowska, A., Jamrozy, M., Janiak, M., Jankowsky, D., Jankowsky, F., Jingo, M., Jogler, T., Jouvin, L., Jung-Richardt, I., Kastendieck, M. A., Katarzyński, K., Katz, U., Kerszberg, D., Khélifi, B., Kieffer, M., King, J., Klepser, S., Klochkov, D., Kluźniak, W., Kolitzus, D., Komin, Nu., Kosack, K., Krakau, S., Kraus, M., Krayzel, F., Krüger, P. P., Laffon, H., Lamanna, G., Lau, J., Lees, J. -P., Lefaucheur, J., Lefranc, V., Lemière, A., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Lenain, J. -P., Leser, E., Lohse, T., Lorentz, M., Liu, R., López-Coto, R., Lypova, I., Marandon, V., Marcowith, A., Mariaud, C., Marx, R., Maurin, G., Maxted, N., Mayer, M., Meintjes, P. J., Meyer, M., Mitchell, A. M. W., Moderski, R., Mohamed, M., Mohrmann, L., Morå, K., Moulin, E., Murach, T., de Naurois, M., Niederwanger, F., Niemiec, J., Oakes, L., O’Brien, P., Odaka, H., Öttl, S., Ohm, S., Ostrowski, M., Oya, I., Padovani, M., Panter, M., Parsons, R. D., Paz Arribas, M., Pekeur, N. W., Pelletier, G., Perennes, C., Petrucci, P. -O., Peyaud, B., Pita, S., Poon, H., Prokhorov, D., Prokoph, H., Pühlhofer, G., Punch, M., Quirrenbach, A., Raab, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Renaud, M., de los Reyes, R., Rieger, F., Romoli, C., Rosier-Lees, S., Rowell, G., Rudak, B., Rulten, C. B., Sahakian, V., Salek, D., Sanchez, D. A., Santangelo, A., Sasaki, M., Schlickeiser, R., Schüssler, F., Schulz, A., Schwanke, U., Schwemmer, S., Settimo, M., Seyffert, A. S., Shafi, N., Shilon, I., Simoni, R., Sol, H., Spanier, F., Spengler, G., Spies, F., Stawarz, Ł., Steenkamp, R., Stegmann, C., Stinzing, F., Stycz, K., Sushch, I., Tavernet, J. -P., Tavernier, T., Taylor, A. M., Terrier, R., Tibaldo, L., Tiziani, D., Tluczykont, M., Trichard, C., Tuffs, R., Uchiyama, Y., van der Walt, D. J., van Eldik, C., van Soelen, B., Vasileiadis, G., Veh, J., Venter, C., Viana, A., Vincent, P., Vink, J., Voisin, F., Völk, H. J., Vuillaume, T., Wadiasingh, Z., Wagner, S. J., Wagner, P., Wagner, R. M., White, R., Wierzcholska, A., Willmann, P., Wörnlein, A., Wouters, D., Yang, R., Zabalza, V., Zaborov, D., Zacharias, M., Zdziarski, A. A., Zech, A., Zefi, F., Ziegler, A., Żywucka, N., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Baldini, L., Barbiellini, G., Bellazzini, R., Blandford, R. D., Bonino, R., Bregeon, J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Costanza, F., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., de Palma, F., Desiante, R., Di Lalla, N., Di Mauro, M., Di Venere, L., Donaggio, B., Favuzzi, C., Focke, W. B., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Horan, D., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Larsson, S., Li, J., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Mazziotta, M. N., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Principe, G., Rainò, S., Razzano, M., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Spada, F., Spinelli, P., Thayer, J. B., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Troja, E., Vianello, G., and Wood, K. S.. 2017. "Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629427. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1355727.
@article{osti_1355727,
title = {Gamma-ray blazar spectra with H.E.S.S. II mono analysis: The case of PKS 2155$-$304 and PG 1553+113},
author = {Abdalla, H. and Abramowski, A. and Aharonian, F. and Ait Benkhali, F. and Akhperjanian, A. G. and Andersson, T. and Angüner, E. O. and Arrieta, M. and Aubert, P. and Backes, M. and Balzer, A. and Barnard, M. and Becherini, Y. and Becker Tjus, J. and Berge, D. and Bernhard, S. and Bernlöhr, K. and Blackwell, R. and Böttcher, M. and Boisson, C. and Bolmont, J. and Bordas, P. and Brun, F. and Brun, P. and Bryan, M. and Bulik, T. and Capasso, M. and Carr, J. and Casanova, S. and Cerruti, M. and Chakraborty, N. and Chalme-Calvet, R. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chen, A. and Chevalier, J. and Chrétien, M. and Colafrancesco, S. and Cologna, G. and Condon, B. and Conrad, J. and Couturier, C. and Cui, Y. and Davids, I. D. and Degrange, B. and Deil, C. and Devin, J. and deWilt, P. and Dirson, L. and Djannati-Ataï, A. and Domainko, W. and Donath, A. and Drury, L. O’C. and Dubus, G. and Dutson, K. and Dyks, J. and Edwards, T. and Egberts, K. and Eger, P. and Ernenwein, J. -P. and Eschbach, S. and Farnier, C. and Fegan, S. and Fernandes, M. V. and Fiasson, A. and Fontaine, G. and Förster, A. and Funk, S. and Füßling, M. and Gabici, S. and Gajdus, M. and Gallant, Y. A. and Garrigoux, T. and Giavitto, G. and Giebels, B. and Glicenstein, J. F. and Gottschall, D. and Goyal, A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Hadasch, D. and Hahn, J. and Haupt, M. and Hawkes, J. and Heinzelmann, G. and Henri, G. and Hermann, G. and Hervet, O. and Hillert, A. and Hinton, J. A. and Hofmann, W. and Hoischen, C. and Holler, M. and Horns, D. and Ivascenko, A. and Jacholkowska, A. and Jamrozy, M. and Janiak, M. and Jankowsky, D. and Jankowsky, F. and Jingo, M. and Jogler, T. and Jouvin, L. and Jung-Richardt, I. and Kastendieck, M. A. and Katarzyński, K. and Katz, U. and Kerszberg, D. and Khélifi, B. and Kieffer, M. and King, J. and Klepser, S. and Klochkov, D. and Kluźniak, W. and Kolitzus, D. and Komin, Nu. and Kosack, K. and Krakau, S. and Kraus, M. and Krayzel, F. and Krüger, P. P. and Laffon, H. and Lamanna, G. and Lau, J. and Lees, J. -P. and Lefaucheur, J. and Lefranc, V. and Lemière, A. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Lenain, J. -P. and Leser, E. and Lohse, T. and Lorentz, M. and Liu, R. and López-Coto, R. and Lypova, I. and Marandon, V. and Marcowith, A. and Mariaud, C. and Marx, R. and Maurin, G. and Maxted, N. and Mayer, M. and Meintjes, P. J. and Meyer, M. and Mitchell, A. M. W. and Moderski, R. and Mohamed, M. and Mohrmann, L. and Morå, K. and Moulin, E. and Murach, T. and de Naurois, M. and Niederwanger, F. and Niemiec, J. and Oakes, L. and O’Brien, P. and Odaka, H. and Öttl, S. and Ohm, S. and Ostrowski, M. and Oya, I. and Padovani, M. and Panter, M. and Parsons, R. D. and Paz Arribas, M. and Pekeur, N. W. and Pelletier, G. and Perennes, C. and Petrucci, P. -O. and Peyaud, B. and Pita, S. and Poon, H. and Prokhorov, D. and Prokoph, H. and Pühlhofer, G. and Punch, M. and Quirrenbach, A. and Raab, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Renaud, M. and de los Reyes, R. and Rieger, F. and Romoli, C. and Rosier-Lees, S. and Rowell, G. and Rudak, B. and Rulten, C. B. and Sahakian, V. and Salek, D. and Sanchez, D. A. and Santangelo, A. and Sasaki, M. and Schlickeiser, R. and Schüssler, F. and Schulz, A. and Schwanke, U. and Schwemmer, S. and Settimo, M. and Seyffert, A. S. and Shafi, N. and Shilon, I. and Simoni, R. and Sol, H. and Spanier, F. and Spengler, G. and Spies, F. and Stawarz, Ł. and Steenkamp, R. and Stegmann, C. and Stinzing, F. and Stycz, K. and Sushch, I. and Tavernet, J. -P. and Tavernier, T. and Taylor, A. M. and Terrier, R. and Tibaldo, L. and Tiziani, D. and Tluczykont, M. and Trichard, C. and Tuffs, R. and Uchiyama, Y. and van der Walt, D. J. and van Eldik, C. and van Soelen, B. and Vasileiadis, G. and Veh, J. and Venter, C. and Viana, A. and Vincent, P. and Vink, J. and Voisin, F. and Völk, H. J. and Vuillaume, T. and Wadiasingh, Z. and Wagner, S. J. and Wagner, P. and Wagner, R. M. and White, R. and Wierzcholska, A. and Willmann, P. and Wörnlein, A. and Wouters, D. and Yang, R. and Zabalza, V. and Zaborov, D. and Zacharias, M. and Zdziarski, A. A. and Zech, A. and Zefi, F. and Ziegler, A. and Żywucka, N. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Baldini, L. and Barbiellini, G. and Bellazzini, R. and Blandford, R. D. and Bonino, R. and Bregeon, J. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caragiulo, M. and Caraveo, P. A. and Cavazzuti, E. and Cecchi, C. and Chiang, J. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Costanza, F. and Cutini, S. and D’Ammando, F. and de Palma, F. and Desiante, R. and Di Lalla, N. and Di Mauro, M. and Di Venere, L. and Donaggio, B. and Favuzzi, C. and Focke, W. B. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Giglietto, N. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Horan, D. and Jóhannesson, G. and Kamae, T. and Kensei, S. and Kocevski, D. and Larsson, S. and Li, J. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Maldera, S. and Manfreda, A. and Mazziotta, M. N. and Michelson, P. F. and Mizuno, T. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Negro, M. and Nuss, E. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and Paneque, D. and Perkins, J. S. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Pivato, G. and Porter, T. A. and Principe, G. and Rainò, S. and Razzano, M. and Simone, D. and Siskind, E. J. and Spada, F. and Spinelli, P. and Thayer, J. B. and Torres, D. F. and Torresi, E. and Troja, E. and Vianello, G. and Wood, K. S.},
abstractNote = {In this paper, the addition of a 28 m Cherenkov telescope (CT5) to the H.E.S.S. array extended the experiment’s sensitivityto lower energies. The lowest energy threshold is obtained using monoscopic analysis of data taken with CT5, providing access to gamma-ray energies below 100 GeV for small zenith angle observations. Such an extension of the instrument’s energy range is particularly beneficial for studies of active galactic nuclei with soft spectra, as expected for those at a redshift ≥0.5. The high-frequency peaked BL Lac objects PKS 2155–304 (z = 0.116) and PG 1553+113 (0.43 < z < 0.58) are among the brightest objects in the gamma-ray sky, both showing clear signatures of gamma-ray absorption at E > 100 GeV interpreted as being due to interactions with the extragalactic background light (EBL). Furthermore, the aims of this work are twofold: to demonstrate the monoscopic analysis of CT5 data with a low energy threshold, and to obtain accurate measurements of the spectral energy distributions (SED) of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 near their SED peaks at energies ≈100 GeV. Multiple observational campaigns of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were conducted during 2013 and 2014 using the full H.E.S.S. II instrument (CT1–5). A monoscopic analysis of the data taken with the new CT5 telescope was developed along with an investigation into the systematic uncertainties on the spectral parameters which are derived from this analysis. As a result, using the data from CT5, the energy spectra of PKS 2155–304 and PG 1553+113 were reconstructed down to conservative threshold energies of 80 GeV for PKS 2155–304, which transits near zenith, and 110 GeV for the more northern PG 1553+113. The measured spectra, well fitted in both cases by a log-parabola spectral model (with a 5.0σ statistical preference for non-zero curvature for PKS 2155–304 and 4.5σ for PG 1553+113), were found consistent with spectra derived from contemporaneous Fermi-LAT data, indicating a sharp break in the observed spectra of both sources at E ≈ 100 GeV. When corrected for EBL absorption, the intrinsic H.E.S.S. II mono and Fermi-LAT spectrum of PKS 2155–304 was found to show significant curvature. For PG 1553+113, however, no significant detection of curvature in the intrinsic spectrum could be found within statistical and systematic uncertainties.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201629427},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = 600,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}