skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Fermi-LAT Observations of the LIGO Event GW150914

Abstract

The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has an instantaneous field of view (FoV) covering ~1/5 of the sky and it completes a survey of the entire sky in high-energy gamma-rays every 3 hr. It enables searches for transient phenomena over timescales from milliseconds to years. Among these phenomena could be electromagnetic counterparts to gravitational wave (GW) sources. In this study, we present a detailed study of the LAT observations relevant to Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) event GW150914, which is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and has been interpreted as being due to the coalescence of two stellar-mass black holes. The localization region for GW150914 was outside the LAT FoV at the time of the GW signal. However, as part of routine survey observations, the LAT observed the entire LIGO localization region within ~70 minutes of the trigger and thus enabled a comprehensive search for a γ-ray counterpart to GW150914. Finally, the study of the LAT data presented here did not find any potential counterparts to GW150914, but it did provide limits on the presence of a transient counterpart above 100 MeV on timescales of hours to days over the entire GW150914 localization region.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Contributing Org.:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1355694
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 823; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-8213
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; gamma-ray burst; gamma-rays; gravitational waves; observational methods

Citation Formats

Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Albert, A., Anderson, B., Arimoto, M., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Gonzalez, J. Becerra, Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Condon, B., Costanza, F., Cuoco, A., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Palma, F. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Lalla, N. Di, Mauro, M. Di, Venere, L. Di, Domínguez, A., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Giglietto, N., Giomi, M., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Gomez-Vargas, G. A., Granot, J., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Magill, J., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Marelli, M., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Meyer, M., Michelson, P. F., Mirabal, N., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Romani, R. W., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Venters, T. M., Vianello, G., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Zaharijas, G., Zhu, S., and Zimmer, S.. Fermi-LAT Observations of the LIGO Event GW150914. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/823/1/L2.
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Albert, A., Anderson, B., Arimoto, M., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Gonzalez, J. Becerra, Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Condon, B., Costanza, F., Cuoco, A., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Palma, F. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Lalla, N. Di, Mauro, M. Di, Venere, L. Di, Domínguez, A., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Giglietto, N., Giomi, M., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Gomez-Vargas, G. A., Granot, J., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Magill, J., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Marelli, M., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Meyer, M., Michelson, P. F., Mirabal, N., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Romani, R. W., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Venters, T. M., Vianello, G., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Zaharijas, G., Zhu, S., & Zimmer, S.. Fermi-LAT Observations of the LIGO Event GW150914. United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/823/1/L2
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Albert, A., Anderson, B., Arimoto, M., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Baring, M. G., Bastieri, D., Gonzalez, J. Becerra, Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Condon, B., Costanza, F., Cuoco, A., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Palma, F. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Lalla, N. Di, Mauro, M. Di, Venere, L. Di, Domínguez, A., Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Gehrels, N., Giglietto, N., Giomi, M., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Gomez-Vargas, G. A., Granot, J., Green, D., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Kamae, T., Kensei, S., Kocevski, D., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Lemoine-Goumard, M., Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Magill, J., Maldera, S., Manfreda, A., Marelli, M., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Meyer, M., Michelson, P. F., Mirabal, N., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Moretti, E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Negro, M., Nuss, E., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Racusin, J. L., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Ritz, S., Rochester, L. S., Romani, R. W., Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Sgrò, C., Simone, D., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Suson, D. J., Tajima, H., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Venters, T. M., Vianello, G., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., Zaharijas, G., Zhu, S., and Zimmer, S.. Thu . "Fermi-LAT Observations of the LIGO Event GW150914". United States. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/823/1/L2. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1355694.
@article{osti_1355694,
title = {Fermi-LAT Observations of the LIGO Event GW150914},
author = {Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Albert, A. and Anderson, B. and Arimoto, M. and Atwood, W. B. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Baring, M. G. and Bastieri, D. and Gonzalez, J. Becerra and Bellazzini, R. and Bissaldi, E. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonino, R. and Bottacini, E. and Brandt, T. J. and Bregeon, J. and Britto, R. J. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Burnett, T. H. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caputo, R. and Caragiulo, M. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cavazzuti, E. and Charles, E. and Chekhtman, A. and Chiang, J. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Cominsky, L. R. and Condon, B. and Costanza, F. and Cuoco, A. and Cutini, S. and D’Ammando, F. and Palma, F. de and Desiante, R. and Digel, S. W. and Lalla, N. Di and Mauro, M. Di and Venere, L. Di and Domínguez, A. and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Ferrara, E. C. and Franckowiak, A. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Gehrels, N. and Giglietto, N. and Giomi, M. and Giommi, P. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Gomez-Vargas, G. A. and Granot, J. and Green, D. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hadasch, D. and Harding, A. K. and Hays, E. and Hewitt, J. W. and Hill, A. B. and Horan, D. and Jogler, T. and Jóhannesson, G. and Kamae, T. and Kensei, S. and Kocevski, D. and Kuss, M. and Mura, G. La and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Lemoine-Goumard, M. and Li, J. and Li, L. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Madejski, G. M. and Magill, J. and Maldera, S. and Manfreda, A. and Marelli, M. and Mayer, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Meyer, M. and Michelson, P. F. and Mirabal, N. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monzani, M. E. and Moretti, E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Negro, M. and Nuss, E. and Ohsugi, T. and Omodei, N. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Paneque, D. and Perkins, J. S. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Pivato, G. and Porter, T. A. and Racusin, J. L. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzaque, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Ritz, S. and Rochester, L. S. and Romani, R. W. and Parkinson, P. M. Saz and Sgrò, C. and Simone, D. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Spada, F. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Suson, D. J. and Tajima, H. and Thayer, J. G. and Thayer, J. B. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Torres, D. F. and Troja, E. and Uchiyama, Y. and Venters, T. M. and Vianello, G. and Wood, K. S. and Wood, M. and Zaharijas, G. and Zhu, S. and Zimmer, S.},
abstractNote = {The Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) has an instantaneous field of view (FoV) covering ~1/5 of the sky and it completes a survey of the entire sky in high-energy gamma-rays every 3 hr. It enables searches for transient phenomena over timescales from milliseconds to years. Among these phenomena could be electromagnetic counterparts to gravitational wave (GW) sources. In this study, we present a detailed study of the LAT observations relevant to Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) event GW150914, which is the first direct detection of gravitational waves and has been interpreted as being due to the coalescence of two stellar-mass black holes. The localization region for GW150914 was outside the LAT FoV at the time of the GW signal. However, as part of routine survey observations, the LAT observed the entire LIGO localization region within ~70 minutes of the trigger and thus enabled a comprehensive search for a γ-ray counterpart to GW150914. Finally, the study of the LAT data presented here did not find any potential counterparts to GW150914, but it did provide limits on the presence of a transient counterpart above 100 MeV on timescales of hours to days over the entire GW150914 localization region.},
doi = {10.3847/2041-8205/823/1/L2},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Letters},
number = 1,
volume = 823,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 27 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Astrophysical Implications of the Binary Black hole Merger Gw150914
journal, February 2016


Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger
journal, February 2016


Search for gravitational-wave bursts in the first year of the fifth LIGO science run
journal, November 2009


FERMI DETECTION OF DELAYED GeV EMISSION FROM THE SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURST 081024B
journal, March 2010


LIGO: The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory
journal, April 1992


FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE THIRD SOURCE CATALOG
journal, June 2015

  • Acero, F.; Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 218, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/218/2/23

THE FERMI ALL-SKY VARIABILITY ANALYSIS: A LIST OF FLARING GAMMA-RAY SOURCES AND THE SEARCH FOR TRANSIENTS IN OUR GALAXY
journal, June 2013


MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF GRB 110731A: GeV EMISSION FROM ONSET TO AFTERGLOW
journal, January 2013


THE FIRST FERMI -LAT GAMMA-RAY BURST CATALOG
journal, October 2013

  • Ackermann, M.; Ajello, M.; Asano, K.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 209, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/209/1/11

Fermi-LAT Observations of the Gamma-Ray Burst GRB 130427A
journal, November 2013


FERMI OBSERVATIONS OF GRB 090510: A SHORT-HARD GAMMA-RAY BURST WITH AN ADDITIONAL, HARD POWER-LAW COMPONENT FROM 10 keV TO GeV ENERGIES
journal, May 2010


THE LARGE AREA TELESCOPE ON THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY SPACE TELESCOPE MISSION
journal, May 2009


Toward Early-Warning Detection of Gravitational Waves from Compact Binary Coalescence
journal, March 2012


SIESTA, a time domain, general purpose simulation program for the VIRGO experiment
journal, May 1999


LOCALIZATION OF GAMMA-RAY BURSTS USING THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY BURST MONITOR
journal, February 2015

  • Connaughton, V.; Briggs, M. S.; Goldstein, A.
  • The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, Vol. 216, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1088/0067-0049/216/2/32

A complete sample of bright Swift short gamma-ray bursts
journal, June 2014

  • D'Avanzo, P.; Salvaterra, R.; Bernardini, M. G.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 442, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu994

SWIFT AND FERMI OBSERVATIONS OF THE EARLY AFTERGLOW OF THE SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURST 090510
journal, January 2010


Nucleosynthesis, neutrino bursts and γ-rays from coalescing neutron stars
journal, July 1989

  • Eichler, David; Livio, Mario; Piran, Tsvi
  • Nature, Vol. 340, Issue 6229
  • DOI: 10.1038/340126a0

Optimization of the Swift X-ray follow-up of Advanced LIGO and Virgo gravitational wave triggers in 2015–16
journal, November 2015

  • Evans, P. A.; Osborne, J. P.; Kennea, J. A.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 455, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2213

Compact Binary Progenitors of Short Gamma-Ray Bursts
journal, December 2012


AGILE DETECTION OF DELAYED GAMMA-RAY EMISSION FROM THE SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURST GRB 090510
journal, December 2009


HEALPix: A Framework for High‐Resolution Discretization and Fast Analysis of Data Distributed on the Sphere
journal, April 2005

  • Gorski, K. M.; Hivon, E.; Banday, A. J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 622, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/427976

Off-Axis Afterglow Emission from Jetted Gamma-Ray Bursts
journal, May 2002

  • Granot, Jonathan; Panaitescu, Alin; Kumar, Pawan
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 570, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/340991

The BATSE- Swift luminosity and redshift distributions of short-duration GRBs
journal, June 2006


Ultrarelativistic electromagnetic counterpart to binary neutron star mergers
journal, October 2013

  • Kyutoku, K.; Ioka, K.; Shibata, M.
  • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, Vol. 437, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/mnrasl/slt128

Transient Events from Neutron Star Mergers
journal, November 1998

  • Li, Li-Xin; Paczyński, Bohdan
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 507, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/311680

The Likelihood Analysis of EGRET Data
journal, April 1996

  • Mattox, J. R.; Bertsch, D. L.; Chiang, J.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 461
  • DOI: 10.1086/177068

Rapid Formation of Supermassive Black Hole Binaries in Galaxy Mergers with Gas
journal, June 2007


THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY BURST MONITOR
journal, August 2009


What is the most Promising Electromagnetic Counterpart of a Neutron star Binary Merger?
journal, January 2012


Detectable radio flares following gravitational waves from mergers of binary neutron stars
journal, September 2011


Gamma-ray bursts as the death throes of massive binary stars
journal, August 1992

  • Narayan, Ramesh; Paczynski, Bohdan; Piran, Tsvi
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 395
  • DOI: 10.1086/186493

Gamma-ray bursters at cosmological distances
journal, September 1986

  • Paczynski, B.
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 308
  • DOI: 10.1086/184740

Statistics, Handle with Care: Detecting Multiple Model Components with the Likelihood Ratio Test
journal, May 2002

  • Protassov, Rostislav; van Dyk, David A.; Connors, Alanna
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 571, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1086/339856

The Missing Link: Merging Neutron Stars Naturally Produce Jet-Like Structures and can Power Short Gamma-Ray Bursts
journal, April 2011

  • Rezzolla, Luciano; Giacomazzo, Bruno; Baiotti, Luca
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 732, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/2041-8205/732/1/L6

Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology with Gravitational Waves
journal, March 2009

  • Sathyaprakash, B. S.; Schutz, Bernard F.
  • Living Reviews in Relativity, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.12942/lrr-2009-2

Off-Axis Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglow Modeling Based on a Two-Dimensional Axisymmetric Hydrodynamics Simulation
journal, September 2010


The Large-Sample Distribution of the Likelihood Ratio for Testing Composite Hypotheses
journal, March 1938


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    The e-ASTROGAM mission: Exploring the extreme Universe with gamma rays in the MeV – GeV range
    journal, June 2017


    Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA
    journal, April 2018


    Unequal mass binary neutron star mergers and multimessenger signals
    journal, September 2016


    Evolution of dwarf galaxies hosting GW150914-like events
    journal, January 2019

    • Marassi, S.; Graziani, L.; Ginolfi, M.
    • Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stz170

    Theoretical physics implications of the binary black-hole mergers GW150914 and GW151226
    journal, October 2016


    Search for GeV Gamma-Ray Counterparts of Gravitational Wave Events by CALET
    journal, August 2018


    Probing Blazar Emission Processes with Optical/Gamma-Ray Flare Correlations
    journal, July 2019

    • Liodakis, Ioannis; Romani, Roger W.; Filippenko, Alexei V.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 880, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab26b7

    Localization and Broadband Follow-Up of the Gravitational-Wave Transient Gw150914
    journal, July 2016


    FERMI GBM OBSERVATIONS OF LIGO GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE EVENT GW150914
    journal, July 2016


    Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with Advanced LIGO, Advanced Virgo and KAGRA
    text, January 2020

    • Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abbott, T. D.
    • Apollo - University of Cambridge Repository
    • DOI: 10.17863/cam.57867