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Title: Fermi Large Area Telescope third source catalog

Abstract

Here, we present the third Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) source catalog (3FGL) of sources in the 100 MeV–300 GeV range. Based on the first 4 yr of science data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission, it is the deepest yet in this energy range. Relative to the Second Fermi LAT catalog, the 3FGL catalog incorporates twice as much data, as well as a number of analysis improvements, including improved calibrations at the event reconstruction level, an updated model for Galactic diffuse γ-ray emission, a refined procedure for source detection, and improved methods for associating LAT sources with potential counterparts at other wavelengths. The 3FGL catalog includes 3033 sources above $$4\sigma $$ significance, with source location regions, spectral properties, and monthly light curves for each. Of these, 78 are flagged as potentially being due to imperfections in the model for Galactic diffuse emission. Twenty-five sources are modeled explicitly as spatially extended, and overall 238 sources are considered as identified based on angular extent or correlated variability (periodic or otherwise) observed at other wavelengths. For 1010 sources we have not found plausible counterparts at other wavelengths. More than 1100 of the identified or associated sources are active galaxies of the blazar class; several other classes of non-blazar active galaxies are also represented in the 3FGL. Pulsars represent the largest Galactic source class. As a result, from source counts of Galactic sources we estimate that the contribution of unresolved sources to the Galactic diffuse emission is ~3% at 1 GeV.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1355153
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal. Supplement Series (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal. Supplement Series (Online); Journal Volume: 218; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4365
Publisher:
American Astronomical Society/IOP
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; catalogs; gamma-rays: general

Citation Formats

Acero, F., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Albert, A., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Belfiore, A., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bogart, J. R., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Tanugi, J. Cohen-, Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Angelis, A. de, DeKlotz, M., Palma, F. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Venere, L. Di, Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Finke, J., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Iafrate, G., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Kataoka, J., Katsuta, J., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Landriu, D., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Goumard, M. Lemoine-, Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mirabal, N., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Mongelli, M., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Perkins, J. S., Rollins, M. Pesce-, Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Racusin, J. L., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Rochester, L. S., Romani, R. W., Salvetti, D., Conde, M. Sánchez-, Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Schulz, A., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stephens, T. E., Strong, A. W., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Klaveren, B. Van, Vianello, G., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., and Zimmer, S. Fermi Large Area Telescope third source catalog. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/218/2/23.
Acero, F., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Albert, A., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Belfiore, A., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bogart, J. R., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Tanugi, J. Cohen-, Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Angelis, A. de, DeKlotz, M., Palma, F. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Venere, L. Di, Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Finke, J., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Iafrate, G., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Kataoka, J., Katsuta, J., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Landriu, D., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Goumard, M. Lemoine-, Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mirabal, N., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Mongelli, M., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Perkins, J. S., Rollins, M. Pesce-, Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Racusin, J. L., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Rochester, L. S., Romani, R. W., Salvetti, D., Conde, M. Sánchez-, Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Schulz, A., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stephens, T. E., Strong, A. W., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Klaveren, B. Van, Vianello, G., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., & Zimmer, S. Fermi Large Area Telescope third source catalog. United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/218/2/23.
Acero, F., Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Albert, A., Atwood, W. B., Axelsson, M., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Belfiore, A., Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bogart, J. R., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Burnett, T. H., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caputo, R., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Charles, E., Chaves, R. C. G., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Tanugi, J. Cohen-, Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D’Ammando, F., Angelis, A. de, DeKlotz, M., Palma, F. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Venere, L. Di, Drell, P. S., Dubois, R., Dumora, D., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Finke, J., Franckowiak, A., Fukazawa, Y., Funk, S., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giebels, B., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grondin, M. -H., Grove, J. E., Guillemot, L., Guiriec, S., Hadasch, D., Harding, A. K., Hays, E., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Iafrate, G., Jogler, T., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, R. P., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, T. J., Johnson, W. N., Kamae, T., Kataoka, J., Katsuta, J., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Landriu, D., Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Goumard, M. Lemoine-, Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Massaro, F., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mirabal, N., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Mongelli, M., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Ormes, J. F., Paneque, D., Panetta, J. H., Perkins, J. S., Rollins, M. Pesce-, Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Racusin, J. L., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Reposeur, T., Rochester, L. S., Romani, R. W., Salvetti, D., Conde, M. Sánchez-, Parkinson, P. M. Saz, Schulz, A., Siskind, E. J., Smith, D. A., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stephens, T. E., Strong, A. W., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Thompson, D. J., Tibaldo, L., Tibolla, O., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Klaveren, B. Van, Vianello, G., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., Wood, M., and Zimmer, S. Fri . "Fermi Large Area Telescope third source catalog". United States. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/218/2/23. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1355153.
@article{osti_1355153,
title = {Fermi Large Area Telescope third source catalog},
author = {Acero, F. and Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Albert, A. and Atwood, W. B. and Axelsson, M. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Belfiore, A. and Bellazzini, R. and Bissaldi, E. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bogart, J. R. and Bonino, R. and Bottacini, E. and Bregeon, J. and Britto, R. J. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Burnett, T. H. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caputo, R. and Caragiulo, M. and Caraveo, P. A. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cavazzuti, E. and Charles, E. and Chaves, R. C. G. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Tanugi, J. Cohen- and Cominsky, L. R. and Conrad, J. and Cutini, S. and D’Ammando, F. and Angelis, A. de and DeKlotz, M. and Palma, F. de and Desiante, R. and Digel, S. W. and Venere, L. Di and Drell, P. S. and Dubois, R. and Dumora, D. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Ferrara, E. C. and Finke, J. and Franckowiak, A. and Fukazawa, Y. and Funk, S. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Giebels, B. and Giglietto, N. and Giommi, P. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Grenier, I. A. and Grondin, M. -H. and Grove, J. E. and Guillemot, L. and Guiriec, S. and Hadasch, D. and Harding, A. K. and Hays, E. and Hewitt, J. W. and Hill, A. B. and Horan, D. and Iafrate, G. and Jogler, T. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, R. P. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, T. J. and Johnson, W. N. and Kamae, T. and Kataoka, J. and Katsuta, J. and Kuss, M. and Mura, G. La and Landriu, D. and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Goumard, M. Lemoine- and Li, J. and Li, L. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Madejski, G. M. and Massaro, F. and Mayer, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Michelson, P. F. and Mirabal, N. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Mongelli, M. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nuss, E. and Ohno, M. and Ohsugi, T. and Omodei, N. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and Ormes, J. F. and Paneque, D. and Panetta, J. H. and Perkins, J. S. and Rollins, M. Pesce- and Piron, F. and Pivato, G. and Porter, T. A. and Racusin, J. L. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Razzaque, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Reposeur, T. and Rochester, L. S. and Romani, R. W. and Salvetti, D. and Conde, M. Sánchez- and Parkinson, P. M. Saz and Schulz, A. and Siskind, E. J. and Smith, D. A. and Spada, F. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Stephens, T. E. and Strong, A. W. and Suson, D. J. and Takahashi, H. and Takahashi, T. and Tanaka, Y. and Thayer, J. G. and Thayer, J. B. and Thompson, D. J. and Tibaldo, L. and Tibolla, O. and Torres, D. F. and Torresi, E. and Tosti, G. and Troja, E. and Klaveren, B. Van and Vianello, G. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Wood, M. and Zimmer, S.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the third Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) source catalog (3FGL) of sources in the 100 MeV–300 GeV range. Based on the first 4 yr of science data from the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope mission, it is the deepest yet in this energy range. Relative to the Second Fermi LAT catalog, the 3FGL catalog incorporates twice as much data, as well as a number of analysis improvements, including improved calibrations at the event reconstruction level, an updated model for Galactic diffuse γ-ray emission, a refined procedure for source detection, and improved methods for associating LAT sources with potential counterparts at other wavelengths. The 3FGL catalog includes 3033 sources above $4\sigma $ significance, with source location regions, spectral properties, and monthly light curves for each. Of these, 78 are flagged as potentially being due to imperfections in the model for Galactic diffuse emission. Twenty-five sources are modeled explicitly as spatially extended, and overall 238 sources are considered as identified based on angular extent or correlated variability (periodic or otherwise) observed at other wavelengths. For 1010 sources we have not found plausible counterparts at other wavelengths. More than 1100 of the identified or associated sources are active galaxies of the blazar class; several other classes of non-blazar active galaxies are also represented in the 3FGL. Pulsars represent the largest Galactic source class. As a result, from source counts of Galactic sources we estimate that the contribution of unresolved sources to the Galactic diffuse emission is ~3% at 1 GeV.},
doi = {10.1088/0067-0049/218/2/23},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal. Supplement Series (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 218,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {6}
}

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New catalogue of optically visible open clusters and candidates
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SENSITIVITY OF BLIND PULSAR SEARCHES WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
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A census of high-energy observations of Galactic supernova remnants
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HEALPix: A Framework for High‐Resolution Discretization and Fast Analysis of Data Distributed on the Sphere
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Constraining the Galactic millisecond pulsar population using Fermi Large Area Telescope
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The Parkes-MIT-NRAO (PMN) surveys. I - The 4850 MHz surveys and data reduction
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DETECTION OF THE PULSAR WIND NEBULA HESS J1825–137 WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
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FERMI LAT PULSED DETECTION OF PSR J0737–3039A IN THE DOUBLE PULSAR SYSTEM
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A Catalog of Parameters for Globular Clusters in the Milky Way
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The Third EGRET Catalog of High‐Energy Gamma‐Ray Sources
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CGRaBS: An All‐Sky Survey of Gamma‐Ray Blazar Candidates
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CRATES: An All‐Sky Survey of Flat‐Spectrum Radio Sources
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Upper limit of peak area
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HESS J1943+213: a candidate extreme BL Lacertae object
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FERMI -LAT AND WMAP OBSERVATIONS OF THE PUPPIS A SUPERNOVA REMNANT
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Six faint gamma-ray pulsars seen with the Fermi Large Area Telescope : Towards a sample blending into the background
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Broadband Pulsations from psr B1821–24: Implications for Emission Models and the Pulsar Population of m28
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FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS OF THE CYGNUS LOOP SUPERNOVA REMNANT
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FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE OBSERVATION OF SUPERNOVA REMNANT S147
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A Unified Catalog of Radio Objects Detected by Nvss, First, Wenss, gb6, and sdss
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SEARCH FOR SPATIALLY EXTENDED FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SOURCES USING TWO YEARS OF DATA
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The HI absorption distance of HESS J1943+213 favours its extragalactic nature
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Catalogue of high-mass X-ray binaries in the Galaxy (4th edition)
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The Parkes Multibeam Pulsar Survey - VI. Discovery and timing of 142 pulsars and a Galactic population analysis
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A Galactic O Star Catalog
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The Australia Telescope National Facility Pulsar Catalogue
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A New Complete Sample of Submillijansky Radio Sources: An Optical and Near‐Infrared Study
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Roma-BZCAT: a multifrequency catalogue of blazars
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The Likelihood Analysis of EGRET Data
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SUMSS: a wide-field radio imaging survey of the southern sky - II. The source catalogue
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The Observed Properties of Dwarf Galaxies in and Around the Local Group
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Production and Propagation of Cosmic‐Ray Positrons and Electrons
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The Australia Telescope 20 GHz Survey: the source catalogue
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FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE SECOND SOURCE CATALOG
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  • Nolan, P. L.; Abdo, A. A.; Ackermann, M.
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Australia Telescope Compact Array observations of Fermi unassociated sources
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First AGILE catalog of high-confidence gamma-ray sources
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FERMI LAT AND WMAP OBSERVATIONS OF THE SUPERNOVA REMNANT HB 21
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Optical identifications of Parkes radio sources using UK Schmidt plates
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  • Prestage, R. M.; Peacock, J. A.
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An extended source of GeV gamma rays coincident with the supernova remnant HB 21
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Gamma-ray follow-up studies on η Carinae
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The IRAS Revised Bright Galaxy Sample
journal, October 2003

  • Sanders, D. B.; Mazzarella, J. M.; Kim, D. -C.
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Source population synthesis and the Galactic diffuse gamma-ray emission
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Global Cosmic-Ray-Related Luminosity and Energy Budget of the Milky way
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On the likelihood ratio for source identification
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DISCOVERY OF GeV γ-RAY EMISSION FROM PSR B1259–63/LS 2883
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Gamma-Ray Emission from the Globular Clusters Liller 1, m80, ngc 6139, ngc 6541, ngc 6624, and ngc 6752
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GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF THE SUPERNOVA REMNANT RX J0852.0–4622 WITH THE FERMI LARGE AREA TELESCOPE
journal, October 2011


Discovery of Powerful Gamma-Ray Flares from the Crab Nebula
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The VIIth catalogue of galactic Wolf–Rayet stars
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A catalogue of quasars and active nuclei: 13th edition
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The Galactic Population of Young γ-Ray Pulsars
journal, January 2011


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