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Title: The third catalog of active galactic nuclei detected by the Fermi large area telescope

Abstract

We present the third catalog of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) detected by the Fermi-LAT (3LAC). It is based on the third Fermi-LAT catalog (3FGL) of sources detected between 100 MeV and 300 GeV with a Test Statistic greater than 25, between 2008 August 4 and 2012 July 31. The 3LAC includes 1591 AGNs located at high Galactic latitudes ($$| b| \gt 10^\circ $$), a 71% increase over the second catalog based on 2 years of data. There are 28 duplicate associations, thus 1563 of the 2192 high-latitude gamma-ray sources of the 3FGL catalog are AGNs. Most of them (98%) are blazars. About half of the newly detected blazars are of unknown type, i.e., they lack spectroscopic information of sufficient quality to determine the strength of their emission lines. Based on their gamma-ray spectral properties, these sources are evenly split between flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) and BL Lacs. The most abundant detected BL Lacs are of the high-synchrotron-peaked (HSP) type. There were about 50% of the BL Lacs that had no measured redshifts. A few new rare outliers (HSP-FSRQs and high-luminosity HSP BL Lacs) are reported. The general properties of the 3LAC sample confirm previous findings from earlier catalogs. The fraction of 3LAC blazars in the total population of blazars listed in BZCAT remains non-negligible even at the faint ends of the BZCAT-blazar radio, optical, and X-ray flux distributions, which hints that even the faintest known blazars could eventually shine in gamma-rays at LAT-detection levels. Furthermore, the energy-flux distributions of the different blazar populations are in good agreement with extrapolation from earlier catalogs.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
Contributing Org.:
Fermi LAT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1354914
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 810; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; BL Lacertae objects: general; galaxies: active; galaxies: jets; gamma rays: galaxies

Citation Formats

Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Atwood, W. B., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Gonzalez, J. Becerra, Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Carpenter, B., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D’Abrusco, R., D’Ammando, F., Angelis, A. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Venere, L. Di, Drell, P. S., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Finke, J., Focke, W. B., Franckowiak, A., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Furniss, A. K., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Itoh, R., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kataoka, J., Kawano, T., Krauss, F., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Leto, C., Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Ojha, R., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paggi, A., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Romani, R. W., Salvetti, D., Schaal, M., Schinzel, F. K., Schulz, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Sokolovsky, K. V., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stawarz, L., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Vianello, G., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., and Zimmer, S. The third catalog of active galactic nuclei detected by the Fermi large area telescope. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/810/1/14.
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Atwood, W. B., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Gonzalez, J. Becerra, Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Carpenter, B., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D’Abrusco, R., D’Ammando, F., Angelis, A. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Venere, L. Di, Drell, P. S., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Finke, J., Focke, W. B., Franckowiak, A., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Furniss, A. K., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Itoh, R., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kataoka, J., Kawano, T., Krauss, F., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Leto, C., Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Ojha, R., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paggi, A., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Romani, R. W., Salvetti, D., Schaal, M., Schinzel, F. K., Schulz, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Sokolovsky, K. V., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stawarz, L., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Vianello, G., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., & Zimmer, S. The third catalog of active galactic nuclei detected by the Fermi large area telescope. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/810/1/14.
Ackermann, M., Ajello, M., Atwood, W. B., Baldini, L., Ballet, J., Barbiellini, G., Bastieri, D., Gonzalez, J. Becerra, Bellazzini, R., Bissaldi, E., Blandford, R. D., Bloom, E. D., Bonino, R., Bottacini, E., Brandt, T. J., Bregeon, J., Britto, R. J., Bruel, P., Buehler, R., Buson, S., Caliandro, G. A., Cameron, R. A., Caragiulo, M., Caraveo, P. A., Carpenter, B., Casandjian, J. M., Cavazzuti, E., Cecchi, C., Charles, E., Chekhtman, A., Cheung, C. C., Chiang, J., Chiaro, G., Ciprini, S., Claus, R., Cohen-Tanugi, J., Cominsky, L. R., Conrad, J., Cutini, S., D’Abrusco, R., D’Ammando, F., Angelis, A. de, Desiante, R., Digel, S. W., Venere, L. Di, Drell, P. S., Favuzzi, C., Fegan, S. J., Ferrara, E. C., Finke, J., Focke, W. B., Franckowiak, A., Fuhrmann, L., Fukazawa, Y., Furniss, A. K., Fusco, P., Gargano, F., Gasparrini, D., Giglietto, N., Giommi, P., Giordano, F., Giroletti, M., Glanzman, T., Godfrey, G., Grenier, I. A., Grove, J. E., Guiriec, S., Hewitt, J. W., Hill, A. B., Horan, D., Itoh, R., Jóhannesson, G., Johnson, A. S., Johnson, W. N., Kataoka, J., Kawano, T., Krauss, F., Kuss, M., Mura, G. La, Larsson, S., Latronico, L., Leto, C., Li, J., Li, L., Longo, F., Loparco, F., Lott, B., Lovellette, M. N., Lubrano, P., Madejski, G. M., Mayer, M., Mazziotta, M. N., McEnery, J. E., Michelson, P. F., Mizuno, T., Moiseev, A. A., Monzani, M. E., Morselli, A., Moskalenko, I. V., Murgia, S., Nuss, E., Ohno, M., Ohsugi, T., Ojha, R., Omodei, N., Orienti, M., Orlando, E., Paggi, A., Paneque, D., Perkins, J. S., Pesce-Rollins, M., Piron, F., Pivato, G., Porter, T. A., Rainò, S., Rando, R., Razzano, M., Razzaque, S., Reimer, A., Reimer, O., Romani, R. W., Salvetti, D., Schaal, M., Schinzel, F. K., Schulz, A., Sgrò, C., Siskind, E. J., Sokolovsky, K. V., Spada, F., Spandre, G., Spinelli, P., Stawarz, L., Suson, D. J., Takahashi, H., Takahashi, T., Tanaka, Y., Thayer, J. G., Thayer, J. B., Tibaldo, L., Torres, D. F., Torresi, E., Tosti, G., Troja, E., Uchiyama, Y., Vianello, G., Winer, B. L., Wood, K. S., and Zimmer, S. Tue . "The third catalog of active galactic nuclei detected by the Fermi large area telescope". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/810/1/14. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1354914.
@article{osti_1354914,
title = {The third catalog of active galactic nuclei detected by the Fermi large area telescope},
author = {Ackermann, M. and Ajello, M. and Atwood, W. B. and Baldini, L. and Ballet, J. and Barbiellini, G. and Bastieri, D. and Gonzalez, J. Becerra and Bellazzini, R. and Bissaldi, E. and Blandford, R. D. and Bloom, E. D. and Bonino, R. and Bottacini, E. and Brandt, T. J. and Bregeon, J. and Britto, R. J. and Bruel, P. and Buehler, R. and Buson, S. and Caliandro, G. A. and Cameron, R. A. and Caragiulo, M. and Caraveo, P. A. and Carpenter, B. and Casandjian, J. M. and Cavazzuti, E. and Cecchi, C. and Charles, E. and Chekhtman, A. and Cheung, C. C. and Chiang, J. and Chiaro, G. and Ciprini, S. and Claus, R. and Cohen-Tanugi, J. and Cominsky, L. R. and Conrad, J. and Cutini, S. and D’Abrusco, R. and D’Ammando, F. and Angelis, A. de and Desiante, R. and Digel, S. W. and Venere, L. Di and Drell, P. S. and Favuzzi, C. and Fegan, S. J. and Ferrara, E. C. and Finke, J. and Focke, W. B. and Franckowiak, A. and Fuhrmann, L. and Fukazawa, Y. and Furniss, A. K. and Fusco, P. and Gargano, F. and Gasparrini, D. and Giglietto, N. and Giommi, P. and Giordano, F. and Giroletti, M. and Glanzman, T. and Godfrey, G. and Grenier, I. A. and Grove, J. E. and Guiriec, S. and Hewitt, J. W. and Hill, A. B. and Horan, D. and Itoh, R. and Jóhannesson, G. and Johnson, A. S. and Johnson, W. N. and Kataoka, J. and Kawano, T. and Krauss, F. and Kuss, M. and Mura, G. La and Larsson, S. and Latronico, L. and Leto, C. and Li, J. and Li, L. and Longo, F. and Loparco, F. and Lott, B. and Lovellette, M. N. and Lubrano, P. and Madejski, G. M. and Mayer, M. and Mazziotta, M. N. and McEnery, J. E. and Michelson, P. F. and Mizuno, T. and Moiseev, A. A. and Monzani, M. E. and Morselli, A. and Moskalenko, I. V. and Murgia, S. and Nuss, E. and Ohno, M. and Ohsugi, T. and Ojha, R. and Omodei, N. and Orienti, M. and Orlando, E. and Paggi, A. and Paneque, D. and Perkins, J. S. and Pesce-Rollins, M. and Piron, F. and Pivato, G. and Porter, T. A. and Rainò, S. and Rando, R. and Razzano, M. and Razzaque, S. and Reimer, A. and Reimer, O. and Romani, R. W. and Salvetti, D. and Schaal, M. and Schinzel, F. K. and Schulz, A. and Sgrò, C. and Siskind, E. J. and Sokolovsky, K. V. and Spada, F. and Spandre, G. and Spinelli, P. and Stawarz, L. and Suson, D. J. and Takahashi, H. and Takahashi, T. and Tanaka, Y. and Thayer, J. G. and Thayer, J. B. and Tibaldo, L. and Torres, D. F. and Torresi, E. and Tosti, G. and Troja, E. and Uchiyama, Y. and Vianello, G. and Winer, B. L. and Wood, K. S. and Zimmer, S.},
abstractNote = {We present the third catalog of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) detected by the Fermi-LAT (3LAC). It is based on the third Fermi-LAT catalog (3FGL) of sources detected between 100 MeV and 300 GeV with a Test Statistic greater than 25, between 2008 August 4 and 2012 July 31. The 3LAC includes 1591 AGNs located at high Galactic latitudes ($| b| \gt 10^\circ $), a 71% increase over the second catalog based on 2 years of data. There are 28 duplicate associations, thus 1563 of the 2192 high-latitude gamma-ray sources of the 3FGL catalog are AGNs. Most of them (98%) are blazars. About half of the newly detected blazars are of unknown type, i.e., they lack spectroscopic information of sufficient quality to determine the strength of their emission lines. Based on their gamma-ray spectral properties, these sources are evenly split between flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) and BL Lacs. The most abundant detected BL Lacs are of the high-synchrotron-peaked (HSP) type. There were about 50% of the BL Lacs that had no measured redshifts. A few new rare outliers (HSP-FSRQs and high-luminosity HSP BL Lacs) are reported. The general properties of the 3LAC sample confirm previous findings from earlier catalogs. The fraction of 3LAC blazars in the total population of blazars listed in BZCAT remains non-negligible even at the faint ends of the BZCAT-blazar radio, optical, and X-ray flux distributions, which hints that even the faintest known blazars could eventually shine in gamma-rays at LAT-detection levels. Furthermore, the energy-flux distributions of the different blazar populations are in good agreement with extrapolation from earlier catalogs.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/810/1/14},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 810,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {8}
}

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A CONNECTION BETWEEN APPARENT VLBA JET SPEEDS AND INITIAL ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS DETECTIONS MADE BY THE FERMI GAMMA-RAY OBSERVATORY
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