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Title: Composition and physical properties of the Asian Tropopause Aerosol Layer and the North American Tropospheric Aerosol Layer: Composition of ATAL and NATAL

Recent studies revealed layers of enhanced aerosol scattering in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over Asia (Asian Tropopause Aerosol Layer (ATAL)) and North America (North American Tropospheric Aerosol Layer (NATAL)). We use a sectional aerosol model (Community Aerosol and Radiation Model for Atmospheres (CARMA)) coupled with the Community Earth System Model version 1 (CESM1) to explore the composition and optical properties of these aerosol layers. The observed aerosol extinction enhancement is reproduced by CESM1/CARMA. Both model and observations indicate a strong gradient of the sulfur-to-carbon ratio from Europe to the Asia on constant pressure surfaces. We found that the ATAL is mostly composed of sulfates, surface-emitted organics, and secondary organics; the NATAL is mostly composed of sulfates and secondary organics. In conclusion, the model also suggests that emission increases in Asia between 2000 and 2010 led to an increase of aerosol optical depth of the ATAL by 0.002 on average which is consistent with observations.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences and Lab. for Atmospheric and Space Physics
  2. Univ. of Leeds (United Kingdom). National Centre for Atmospheric Science and Inst. of Climate and Atmospheric Science; National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO (United States). Atmospheric Chemistry Division; Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). CIRES
  3. Lund Univ. (Sweden). Division of Nuclear Physics
  4. Air Chemistry Division, Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (Otto Hahn Institute), Mainz Germany; Max Planck Society, Mainz (Germany). Max Planck Inst. for Chemistry. Division of Nuclear Physics
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-97ER62402
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 42; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Research Org:
Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 58 GEOSCIENCES; ATAL; NATAL
OSTI Identifier:
1354907