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Title: Complexity of bioindicator selection for ecological, human, and cultural health: Chinook salmon and red knot as case studies

Abstract

There is considerable interest in developing bioindicators of ecological health that are also useful indicators for human health. Yet, human health assessment usually encompasses physical/chemical exposures and not cultural well-being. In this paper, we propose that bioindicators can be selected for all three purposes. We use Chinook or king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and red knot (Calidris canutus rufa, a sandpiper) as examples of indicators that can be used to assess human, ecological, and cultural health. Even so, selecting endpoints or metrics for each indicator species is complex and is explored in this paper. Here, we suggest that there are several endpoint types to examine for a given species, including physical environment, environmental stressors, habitat, life history, demography, population counts, and cultural/societal aspects. Usually cultural endpoints are economic indicators (e.g., number of days fished, number of hunting licenses), rather than the importance of a fishing culture. Development of cultural/societal endpoints must include the perceptions of local communities, cultural groups, and tribal nations, as well as governmental and regulatory communities (although not usually so defined, the latter have cultures as well). Endpoint selection in this category is difficult because the underlying issues need to be identified and used to develop endpoints thatmore » tribes and stakeholders themselves see as reasonable surrogates of the qualities they value. We describe several endpoints for salmon and knots that can be used for ecological, human, and cultural/societal health.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [5];  [4]
  1. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Division of Life Sciences; Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation
  2. Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Robert Wood Johnson Medical School; Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation; Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States). Environmental and Occupational Medicine
  3. Conserve Wildlife, Greenwich, NJ (United States)
  4. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States). Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering and CRESP
  5. New Jersey Dept. of Environmental Protection, Trenton, NJ (United States). Endangered and Nongame Species Program
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1354851
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC01-06EW07053
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 187; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0167-6369
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; Indicators; Human health; Ecological health; Endpoints; Cultural health; Subsistence

Citation Formats

Burger, Joanna, Gochfeld, Michael, Niles, Lawrence, Powers, Charles, Brown, Kevin, Clarke, James, Dey, Amanda, and Kosson, David. Complexity of bioindicator selection for ecological, human, and cultural health: Chinook salmon and red knot as case studies. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1007/s10661-014-4233-4.
Burger, Joanna, Gochfeld, Michael, Niles, Lawrence, Powers, Charles, Brown, Kevin, Clarke, James, Dey, Amanda, & Kosson, David. Complexity of bioindicator selection for ecological, human, and cultural health: Chinook salmon and red knot as case studies. United States. doi:10.1007/s10661-014-4233-4.
Burger, Joanna, Gochfeld, Michael, Niles, Lawrence, Powers, Charles, Brown, Kevin, Clarke, James, Dey, Amanda, and Kosson, David. Tue . "Complexity of bioindicator selection for ecological, human, and cultural health: Chinook salmon and red knot as case studies". United States. doi:10.1007/s10661-014-4233-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1354851.
@article{osti_1354851,
title = {Complexity of bioindicator selection for ecological, human, and cultural health: Chinook salmon and red knot as case studies},
author = {Burger, Joanna and Gochfeld, Michael and Niles, Lawrence and Powers, Charles and Brown, Kevin and Clarke, James and Dey, Amanda and Kosson, David},
abstractNote = {There is considerable interest in developing bioindicators of ecological health that are also useful indicators for human health. Yet, human health assessment usually encompasses physical/chemical exposures and not cultural well-being. In this paper, we propose that bioindicators can be selected for all three purposes. We use Chinook or king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and red knot (Calidris canutus rufa, a sandpiper) as examples of indicators that can be used to assess human, ecological, and cultural health. Even so, selecting endpoints or metrics for each indicator species is complex and is explored in this paper. Here, we suggest that there are several endpoint types to examine for a given species, including physical environment, environmental stressors, habitat, life history, demography, population counts, and cultural/societal aspects. Usually cultural endpoints are economic indicators (e.g., number of days fished, number of hunting licenses), rather than the importance of a fishing culture. Development of cultural/societal endpoints must include the perceptions of local communities, cultural groups, and tribal nations, as well as governmental and regulatory communities (although not usually so defined, the latter have cultures as well). Endpoint selection in this category is difficult because the underlying issues need to be identified and used to develop endpoints that tribes and stakeholders themselves see as reasonable surrogates of the qualities they value. We describe several endpoints for salmon and knots that can be used for ecological, human, and cultural/societal health.},
doi = {10.1007/s10661-014-4233-4},
journal = {Environmental Monitoring and Assessment},
number = 3,
volume = 187,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {2}
}

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