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Title: Validation of conducting wall models using magnetic measurements

The impact of conducting wall eddy currents on perturbed magnetic field measurements is a key issue for understanding the measurement and control of long-wavelength MHD stability in tokamak devices. As plasma response models have growth in sophistication, the need to understand and resolve small changes in these measurements has become more important, motivating increased fidelity in simulations of externally applied fields and the wall eddy current response. In this manuscript, we describe thorough validation studies of the wall models in the MARS-F and VALEN stability codes, using coil–sensor vacuum coupling measurements from the DIII-D tokamak. The valen formulation treats conducting structures with arbitrary threedimensional geometries, while mars-f uses an axisymmetric wall model and a spectral decomposition of the problem geometry with a fixed toroidal harmonic n. The vacuum coupling measurements have a strong sensitivity to wall eddy currents induced by timechanging coil currents, owing to the close proximities of both the sensors and coils to the wall. Measurements from individual coil and sensor channels are directly compared with valen predictions. It is found that straightforward improvements to the valen model, such as refining the wall mesh and simulating the vertical extent of the DIII-D poloidal field sensors, lead to goodmore » agreement with the experimental measurements. In addition, couplings to multi-coil, n = 1 toroidal mode perturbations are calculated from the measurements and compared with predictions from both codes. Lastly, the toroidal mode comparisons favor the fully three-dimensional simulation approach, likely because this approach naturally treats n > 1 sidebands generated by the coils and wall eddy currents, as well as the n = 1 fundamental.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-04ER54698; FG02-95ER54309; FG02-04ER54761
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
Publisher:
IOP Science
Research Org:
Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; applied classical electromagnetism; electrostatics; magnetohydrodynamics; tokamaks; electric and magnetic measurements
OSTI Identifier:
1354790
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1295983