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Title: Neutrino physics with JUNO

Abstract

The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO), a 20 kton multi-purpose underground liquid scintillator detector, was proposed with the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy (MH) as a primary physics goal. The excellent energy resolution and the large fiducial volume anticipated for the JUNO detector offer exciting opportunities for addressing many important topics in neutrino and astro-particle physics. In this document, we present the physics motivations and the anticipated performance of the JUNO detector for various proposed measurements. Following an introduction summarizing the current status and open issues in neutrino physics, we discuss how the detection of antineutrinos generated by a cluster of nuclear power plants allows the determination of the neutrino MH at a 3–4σ significance with six years of running of JUNO. The measurement of antineutrino spectrum with excellent energy resolution will also lead to the precise determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters $${\mathrm{sin}}^{2}{\theta }_{12}$$, $${\rm{\Delta }}{m}_{21}^{2}$$, and $$| {\rm{\Delta }}{m}_{{ee}}^{2}| $$ to an accuracy of better than 1%, which will play a crucial role in the future unitarity test of the MNSP matrix. The JUNO detector is capable of observing not only antineutrinos from the power plants, but also neutrinos/antineutrinos from terrestrial and extra-terrestrial sources, including supernova burst neutrinos, diffuse supernova neutrino background, geoneutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, and solar neutrinos. As a result of JUNO's large size, excellent energy resolution, and vertex reconstruction capability, interesting new data on these topics can be collected. For example, a neutrino burst from a typical core-collapse supernova at a distance of 10 kpc would lead to ~5000 inverse-beta-decay events and ~2000 all-flavor neutrino–proton ES events in JUNO, which are of crucial importance for understanding the mechanism of supernova explosion and for exploring novel phenomena such as collective neutrino oscillations. Detection of neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernova explosions in the visible universe with JUNO would further provide valuable information on the cosmic star-formation rate and the average core-collapse neutrino energy spectrum. Antineutrinos originating from the radioactive decay of uranium and thorium in the Earth can be detected in JUNO with a rate of ~400 events per year, significantly improving the statistics of existing geoneutrino event samples. Atmospheric neutrino events collected in JUNO can provide independent inputs for determining the MH and the octant of the $${\theta }_{23}$$ mixing angle. Detection of the 7Be and 8B solar neutrino events at JUNO would shed new light on the solar metallicity problem and examine the transition region between the vacuum and matter dominated neutrino oscillations. Regarding light sterile neutrino topics, sterile neutrinos with $${10}^{-5}\;{{\rm{eV}}}^{2}\lt {\rm{\Delta }}{m}_{41}^{2}\lt {10}^{-2}\;{{\rm{eV}}}^{2}$$ and a sufficiently large mixing angle $${\theta }_{14}$$ could be identified through a precise measurement of the reactor antineutrino energy spectrum. Meanwhile, JUNO can also provide us excellent opportunities to test the eV-scale sterile neutrino hypothesis, using either the radioactive neutrino sources or a cyclotron-produced neutrino beam. The JUNO detector is also sensitive to several other beyondthe-standard-model physics. Examples include the search for proton decay via the $$p\to {K}^{+}+\bar{\nu }$$ decay channel, search for neutrinos resulting from dark-matter annihilation in the Sun, search for violation of Lorentz invariance via the sidereal modulation of the reactor neutrino event rate, and search for the effects of non-standard interactions. The proposed construction of the JUNO detector will provide a unique facility to address many outstanding crucial questions in particle and astrophysics in a timely and cost-effective fashion. Furthermore, it holds the great potential for further advancing our quest to understanding the fundamental properties of neutrinos, one of the building blocks of our Universe.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1354633
Report Number(s):
BNL-113776-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899; R&D Project: PO-022; KA2201020
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 43; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0954-3899
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; neutrino; liquid; scintillator; detector

Citation Formats

An, Fengpeng, An, Guangpeng, An, Qi, Antonelli, Vito, Baussan, Eric, Beacom, John, Bezrukov, Leonid, Blyth, Simon, Brugnera, Riccardo, Avanzini, Margherita Buizza, Busto, Jose, Cabrera, Anatael, Cai, Hao, Cai, Xiao, Cammi, Antonio, Cao, Guofu, Cao, Jun, Chang, Yun, Chen, Shaomin, Chen, Shenjian, Chen, Yixue, Chiesa, Davide, Clemenza, Massimiliano, Clerbaux, Barbara, Conrad, Janet, D’Angelo, Davide, Kerret, Hervé De, Deng, Zhi, Deng, Ziyan, Ding, Yayun, Djurcic, Zelimir, Dornic, Damien, Dracos, Marcos, Drapier, Olivier, Dusini, Stefano, Dye, Stephen, Enqvist, Timo, Fan, Donghua, Fang, Jian, Favart, Laurent, Ford, Richard, Göger-Neff, Marianne, Gan, Haonan, Garfagnini, Alberto, Giammarchi, Marco, Gonchar, Maxim, Gong, Guanghua, Gong, Hui, Gonin, Michel, Grassi, Marco, Grewing, Christian, Guan, Mengyun, Guarino, Vic, Guo, Gang, Guo, Wanlei, Guo, Xin-Heng, Hagner, Caren, Han, Ran, He, Miao, Heng, Yuekun, Hsiung, Yee, Hu, Jun, Hu, Shouyang, Hu, Tao, Huang, Hanxiong, Huang, Xingtao, Huo, Lei, Ioannisian, Ara, Jeitler, Manfred, Ji, Xiangdong, Jiang, Xiaoshan, Jollet, Cécile, Kang, Li, Karagounis, Michael, Kazarian, Narine, Krumshteyn, Zinovy, Kruth, Andre, Kuusiniemi, Pasi, Lachenmaier, Tobias, Leitner, Rupert, Li, Chao, Li, Jiaxing, Li, Weidong, Li, Weiguo, Li, Xiaomei, Li, Xiaonan, Li, Yi, Li, Yufeng, Li, Zhi-Bing, Liang, Hao, Lin, Guey-Lin, Lin, Tao, Lin, Yen-Hsun, Ling, Jiajie, Lippi, Ivano, Liu, Dawei, Liu, Hongbang, Liu, Hu, Liu, Jianglai, Liu, Jianli, Liu, Jinchang, Liu, Qian, Liu, Shubin, Liu, Shulin, Lombardi, Paolo, Long, Yongbing, Lu, Haoqi, Lu, Jiashu, Lu, Jingbin, Lu, Junguang, Lubsandorzhiev, Bayarto, Ludhova, Livia, Luo, Shu, Vladimir Lyashuk,, Möllenberg, Randolph, Ma, Xubo, Mantovani, Fabio, Mao, Yajun, Mari, Stefano M., McDonough, William F., Meng, Guang, Meregaglia, Anselmo, Meroni, Emanuela, Mezzetto, Mauro, Miramonti, Lino, Thomas Mueller,, Naumov, Dmitry, Oberauer, Lothar, Ochoa-Ricoux, Juan Pedro, Olshevskiy, Alexander, Ortica, Fausto, Paoloni, Alessandro, Peng, Haiping, Jen-Chieh Peng,, Previtali, Ezio, Qi, Ming, Qian, Sen, Qian, Xin, Qian, Yongzhong, Qin, Zhonghua, Raffelt, Georg, Ranucci, Gioacchino, Ricci, Barbara, Robens, Markus, Romani, Aldo, Ruan, Xiangdong, Ruan, Xichao, Salamanna, Giuseppe, Shaevitz, Mike, Valery Sinev,, Sirignano, Chiara, Sisti, Monica, Smirnov, Oleg, Soiron, Michael, Stahl, Achim, Stanco, Luca, Steinmann, Jochen, Sun, Xilei, Sun, Yongjie, Taichenachev, Dmitriy, Tang, Jian, Tkachev, Igor, Trzaska, Wladyslaw, Waasen, Stefan van, Volpe, Cristina, Vorobel, Vit, Votano, Lucia, Wang, Chung-Hsiang, Wang, Guoli, Wang, Hao, Wang, Meng, Wang, Ruiguang, Wang, Siguang, Wang, Wei, Wang, Yi, Wang, Yi, Wang, Yifang, Wang, Zhe, Wang, Zheng, Wang, Zhigang, Wang, Zhimin, Wei, Wei, Wen, Liangjian, Wiebusch, Christopher, Wonsak, Björn, Wu, Qun, Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth, Wurm, Michael, Xi, Yufei, Xia, Dongmei, Xie, Yuguang, Zhi-zhong Xing,, Xu, Jilei, Yan, Baojun, Yang, Changgen, Yang, Chaowen, Yang, Guang, Yang, Lei, Yang, Yifan, Yao, Yu, Yegin, Ugur, Yermia, Frédéric, You, Zhengyun, Yu, Boxiang, Yu, Chunxu, Yu, Zeyuan, Zavatarelli, Sandra, Zhan, Liang, Zhang, Chao, Zhang, Hong-Hao, Zhang, Jiawen, Zhang, Jingbo, Zhang, Qingmin, Zhang, Yu-Mei, Zhang, Zhenyu, Zhao, Zhenghua, Zheng, Yangheng, Zhong, Weili, Zhou, Guorong, Zhou, Jing, Zhou, Li, Zhou, Rong, Zhou, Shun, Zhou, Wenxiong, Zhou, Xiang, Zhou, Yeling, Zhou, Yufeng, and Zou, Jiaheng. Neutrino physics with JUNO. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/3/030401.
An, Fengpeng, An, Guangpeng, An, Qi, Antonelli, Vito, Baussan, Eric, Beacom, John, Bezrukov, Leonid, Blyth, Simon, Brugnera, Riccardo, Avanzini, Margherita Buizza, Busto, Jose, Cabrera, Anatael, Cai, Hao, Cai, Xiao, Cammi, Antonio, Cao, Guofu, Cao, Jun, Chang, Yun, Chen, Shaomin, Chen, Shenjian, Chen, Yixue, Chiesa, Davide, Clemenza, Massimiliano, Clerbaux, Barbara, Conrad, Janet, D’Angelo, Davide, Kerret, Hervé De, Deng, Zhi, Deng, Ziyan, Ding, Yayun, Djurcic, Zelimir, Dornic, Damien, Dracos, Marcos, Drapier, Olivier, Dusini, Stefano, Dye, Stephen, Enqvist, Timo, Fan, Donghua, Fang, Jian, Favart, Laurent, Ford, Richard, Göger-Neff, Marianne, Gan, Haonan, Garfagnini, Alberto, Giammarchi, Marco, Gonchar, Maxim, Gong, Guanghua, Gong, Hui, Gonin, Michel, Grassi, Marco, Grewing, Christian, Guan, Mengyun, Guarino, Vic, Guo, Gang, Guo, Wanlei, Guo, Xin-Heng, Hagner, Caren, Han, Ran, He, Miao, Heng, Yuekun, Hsiung, Yee, Hu, Jun, Hu, Shouyang, Hu, Tao, Huang, Hanxiong, Huang, Xingtao, Huo, Lei, Ioannisian, Ara, Jeitler, Manfred, Ji, Xiangdong, Jiang, Xiaoshan, Jollet, Cécile, Kang, Li, Karagounis, Michael, Kazarian, Narine, Krumshteyn, Zinovy, Kruth, Andre, Kuusiniemi, Pasi, Lachenmaier, Tobias, Leitner, Rupert, Li, Chao, Li, Jiaxing, Li, Weidong, Li, Weiguo, Li, Xiaomei, Li, Xiaonan, Li, Yi, Li, Yufeng, Li, Zhi-Bing, Liang, Hao, Lin, Guey-Lin, Lin, Tao, Lin, Yen-Hsun, Ling, Jiajie, Lippi, Ivano, Liu, Dawei, Liu, Hongbang, Liu, Hu, Liu, Jianglai, Liu, Jianli, Liu, Jinchang, Liu, Qian, Liu, Shubin, Liu, Shulin, Lombardi, Paolo, Long, Yongbing, Lu, Haoqi, Lu, Jiashu, Lu, Jingbin, Lu, Junguang, Lubsandorzhiev, Bayarto, Ludhova, Livia, Luo, Shu, Vladimir Lyashuk,, Möllenberg, Randolph, Ma, Xubo, Mantovani, Fabio, Mao, Yajun, Mari, Stefano M., McDonough, William F., Meng, Guang, Meregaglia, Anselmo, Meroni, Emanuela, Mezzetto, Mauro, Miramonti, Lino, Thomas Mueller,, Naumov, Dmitry, Oberauer, Lothar, Ochoa-Ricoux, Juan Pedro, Olshevskiy, Alexander, Ortica, Fausto, Paoloni, Alessandro, Peng, Haiping, Jen-Chieh Peng,, Previtali, Ezio, Qi, Ming, Qian, Sen, Qian, Xin, Qian, Yongzhong, Qin, Zhonghua, Raffelt, Georg, Ranucci, Gioacchino, Ricci, Barbara, Robens, Markus, Romani, Aldo, Ruan, Xiangdong, Ruan, Xichao, Salamanna, Giuseppe, Shaevitz, Mike, Valery Sinev,, Sirignano, Chiara, Sisti, Monica, Smirnov, Oleg, Soiron, Michael, Stahl, Achim, Stanco, Luca, Steinmann, Jochen, Sun, Xilei, Sun, Yongjie, Taichenachev, Dmitriy, Tang, Jian, Tkachev, Igor, Trzaska, Wladyslaw, Waasen, Stefan van, Volpe, Cristina, Vorobel, Vit, Votano, Lucia, Wang, Chung-Hsiang, Wang, Guoli, Wang, Hao, Wang, Meng, Wang, Ruiguang, Wang, Siguang, Wang, Wei, Wang, Yi, Wang, Yi, Wang, Yifang, Wang, Zhe, Wang, Zheng, Wang, Zhigang, Wang, Zhimin, Wei, Wei, Wen, Liangjian, Wiebusch, Christopher, Wonsak, Björn, Wu, Qun, Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth, Wurm, Michael, Xi, Yufei, Xia, Dongmei, Xie, Yuguang, Zhi-zhong Xing,, Xu, Jilei, Yan, Baojun, Yang, Changgen, Yang, Chaowen, Yang, Guang, Yang, Lei, Yang, Yifan, Yao, Yu, Yegin, Ugur, Yermia, Frédéric, You, Zhengyun, Yu, Boxiang, Yu, Chunxu, Yu, Zeyuan, Zavatarelli, Sandra, Zhan, Liang, Zhang, Chao, Zhang, Hong-Hao, Zhang, Jiawen, Zhang, Jingbo, Zhang, Qingmin, Zhang, Yu-Mei, Zhang, Zhenyu, Zhao, Zhenghua, Zheng, Yangheng, Zhong, Weili, Zhou, Guorong, Zhou, Jing, Zhou, Li, Zhou, Rong, Zhou, Shun, Zhou, Wenxiong, Zhou, Xiang, Zhou, Yeling, Zhou, Yufeng, & Zou, Jiaheng. Neutrino physics with JUNO. United States. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/3/030401.
An, Fengpeng, An, Guangpeng, An, Qi, Antonelli, Vito, Baussan, Eric, Beacom, John, Bezrukov, Leonid, Blyth, Simon, Brugnera, Riccardo, Avanzini, Margherita Buizza, Busto, Jose, Cabrera, Anatael, Cai, Hao, Cai, Xiao, Cammi, Antonio, Cao, Guofu, Cao, Jun, Chang, Yun, Chen, Shaomin, Chen, Shenjian, Chen, Yixue, Chiesa, Davide, Clemenza, Massimiliano, Clerbaux, Barbara, Conrad, Janet, D’Angelo, Davide, Kerret, Hervé De, Deng, Zhi, Deng, Ziyan, Ding, Yayun, Djurcic, Zelimir, Dornic, Damien, Dracos, Marcos, Drapier, Olivier, Dusini, Stefano, Dye, Stephen, Enqvist, Timo, Fan, Donghua, Fang, Jian, Favart, Laurent, Ford, Richard, Göger-Neff, Marianne, Gan, Haonan, Garfagnini, Alberto, Giammarchi, Marco, Gonchar, Maxim, Gong, Guanghua, Gong, Hui, Gonin, Michel, Grassi, Marco, Grewing, Christian, Guan, Mengyun, Guarino, Vic, Guo, Gang, Guo, Wanlei, Guo, Xin-Heng, Hagner, Caren, Han, Ran, He, Miao, Heng, Yuekun, Hsiung, Yee, Hu, Jun, Hu, Shouyang, Hu, Tao, Huang, Hanxiong, Huang, Xingtao, Huo, Lei, Ioannisian, Ara, Jeitler, Manfred, Ji, Xiangdong, Jiang, Xiaoshan, Jollet, Cécile, Kang, Li, Karagounis, Michael, Kazarian, Narine, Krumshteyn, Zinovy, Kruth, Andre, Kuusiniemi, Pasi, Lachenmaier, Tobias, Leitner, Rupert, Li, Chao, Li, Jiaxing, Li, Weidong, Li, Weiguo, Li, Xiaomei, Li, Xiaonan, Li, Yi, Li, Yufeng, Li, Zhi-Bing, Liang, Hao, Lin, Guey-Lin, Lin, Tao, Lin, Yen-Hsun, Ling, Jiajie, Lippi, Ivano, Liu, Dawei, Liu, Hongbang, Liu, Hu, Liu, Jianglai, Liu, Jianli, Liu, Jinchang, Liu, Qian, Liu, Shubin, Liu, Shulin, Lombardi, Paolo, Long, Yongbing, Lu, Haoqi, Lu, Jiashu, Lu, Jingbin, Lu, Junguang, Lubsandorzhiev, Bayarto, Ludhova, Livia, Luo, Shu, Vladimir Lyashuk,, Möllenberg, Randolph, Ma, Xubo, Mantovani, Fabio, Mao, Yajun, Mari, Stefano M., McDonough, William F., Meng, Guang, Meregaglia, Anselmo, Meroni, Emanuela, Mezzetto, Mauro, Miramonti, Lino, Thomas Mueller,, Naumov, Dmitry, Oberauer, Lothar, Ochoa-Ricoux, Juan Pedro, Olshevskiy, Alexander, Ortica, Fausto, Paoloni, Alessandro, Peng, Haiping, Jen-Chieh Peng,, Previtali, Ezio, Qi, Ming, Qian, Sen, Qian, Xin, Qian, Yongzhong, Qin, Zhonghua, Raffelt, Georg, Ranucci, Gioacchino, Ricci, Barbara, Robens, Markus, Romani, Aldo, Ruan, Xiangdong, Ruan, Xichao, Salamanna, Giuseppe, Shaevitz, Mike, Valery Sinev,, Sirignano, Chiara, Sisti, Monica, Smirnov, Oleg, Soiron, Michael, Stahl, Achim, Stanco, Luca, Steinmann, Jochen, Sun, Xilei, Sun, Yongjie, Taichenachev, Dmitriy, Tang, Jian, Tkachev, Igor, Trzaska, Wladyslaw, Waasen, Stefan van, Volpe, Cristina, Vorobel, Vit, Votano, Lucia, Wang, Chung-Hsiang, Wang, Guoli, Wang, Hao, Wang, Meng, Wang, Ruiguang, Wang, Siguang, Wang, Wei, Wang, Yi, Wang, Yi, Wang, Yifang, Wang, Zhe, Wang, Zheng, Wang, Zhigang, Wang, Zhimin, Wei, Wei, Wen, Liangjian, Wiebusch, Christopher, Wonsak, Björn, Wu, Qun, Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth, Wurm, Michael, Xi, Yufei, Xia, Dongmei, Xie, Yuguang, Zhi-zhong Xing,, Xu, Jilei, Yan, Baojun, Yang, Changgen, Yang, Chaowen, Yang, Guang, Yang, Lei, Yang, Yifan, Yao, Yu, Yegin, Ugur, Yermia, Frédéric, You, Zhengyun, Yu, Boxiang, Yu, Chunxu, Yu, Zeyuan, Zavatarelli, Sandra, Zhan, Liang, Zhang, Chao, Zhang, Hong-Hao, Zhang, Jiawen, Zhang, Jingbo, Zhang, Qingmin, Zhang, Yu-Mei, Zhang, Zhenyu, Zhao, Zhenghua, Zheng, Yangheng, Zhong, Weili, Zhou, Guorong, Zhou, Jing, Zhou, Li, Zhou, Rong, Zhou, Shun, Zhou, Wenxiong, Zhou, Xiang, Zhou, Yeling, Zhou, Yufeng, and Zou, Jiaheng. Wed . "Neutrino physics with JUNO". United States. doi:10.1088/0954-3899/43/3/030401. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1354633.
@article{osti_1354633,
title = {Neutrino physics with JUNO},
author = {An, Fengpeng and An, Guangpeng and An, Qi and Antonelli, Vito and Baussan, Eric and Beacom, John and Bezrukov, Leonid and Blyth, Simon and Brugnera, Riccardo and Avanzini, Margherita Buizza and Busto, Jose and Cabrera, Anatael and Cai, Hao and Cai, Xiao and Cammi, Antonio and Cao, Guofu and Cao, Jun and Chang, Yun and Chen, Shaomin and Chen, Shenjian and Chen, Yixue and Chiesa, Davide and Clemenza, Massimiliano and Clerbaux, Barbara and Conrad, Janet and D’Angelo, Davide and Kerret, Hervé De and Deng, Zhi and Deng, Ziyan and Ding, Yayun and Djurcic, Zelimir and Dornic, Damien and Dracos, Marcos and Drapier, Olivier and Dusini, Stefano and Dye, Stephen and Enqvist, Timo and Fan, Donghua and Fang, Jian and Favart, Laurent and Ford, Richard and Göger-Neff, Marianne and Gan, Haonan and Garfagnini, Alberto and Giammarchi, Marco and Gonchar, Maxim and Gong, Guanghua and Gong, Hui and Gonin, Michel and Grassi, Marco and Grewing, Christian and Guan, Mengyun and Guarino, Vic and Guo, Gang and Guo, Wanlei and Guo, Xin-Heng and Hagner, Caren and Han, Ran and He, Miao and Heng, Yuekun and Hsiung, Yee and Hu, Jun and Hu, Shouyang and Hu, Tao and Huang, Hanxiong and Huang, Xingtao and Huo, Lei and Ioannisian, Ara and Jeitler, Manfred and Ji, Xiangdong and Jiang, Xiaoshan and Jollet, Cécile and Kang, Li and Karagounis, Michael and Kazarian, Narine and Krumshteyn, Zinovy and Kruth, Andre and Kuusiniemi, Pasi and Lachenmaier, Tobias and Leitner, Rupert and Li, Chao and Li, Jiaxing and Li, Weidong and Li, Weiguo and Li, Xiaomei and Li, Xiaonan and Li, Yi and Li, Yufeng and Li, Zhi-Bing and Liang, Hao and Lin, Guey-Lin and Lin, Tao and Lin, Yen-Hsun and Ling, Jiajie and Lippi, Ivano and Liu, Dawei and Liu, Hongbang and Liu, Hu and Liu, Jianglai and Liu, Jianli and Liu, Jinchang and Liu, Qian and Liu, Shubin and Liu, Shulin and Lombardi, Paolo and Long, Yongbing and Lu, Haoqi and Lu, Jiashu and Lu, Jingbin and Lu, Junguang and Lubsandorzhiev, Bayarto and Ludhova, Livia and Luo, Shu and Vladimir Lyashuk, and Möllenberg, Randolph and Ma, Xubo and Mantovani, Fabio and Mao, Yajun and Mari, Stefano M. and McDonough, William F. and Meng, Guang and Meregaglia, Anselmo and Meroni, Emanuela and Mezzetto, Mauro and Miramonti, Lino and Thomas Mueller, and Naumov, Dmitry and Oberauer, Lothar and Ochoa-Ricoux, Juan Pedro and Olshevskiy, Alexander and Ortica, Fausto and Paoloni, Alessandro and Peng, Haiping and Jen-Chieh Peng, and Previtali, Ezio and Qi, Ming and Qian, Sen and Qian, Xin and Qian, Yongzhong and Qin, Zhonghua and Raffelt, Georg and Ranucci, Gioacchino and Ricci, Barbara and Robens, Markus and Romani, Aldo and Ruan, Xiangdong and Ruan, Xichao and Salamanna, Giuseppe and Shaevitz, Mike and Valery Sinev, and Sirignano, Chiara and Sisti, Monica and Smirnov, Oleg and Soiron, Michael and Stahl, Achim and Stanco, Luca and Steinmann, Jochen and Sun, Xilei and Sun, Yongjie and Taichenachev, Dmitriy and Tang, Jian and Tkachev, Igor and Trzaska, Wladyslaw and Waasen, Stefan van and Volpe, Cristina and Vorobel, Vit and Votano, Lucia and Wang, Chung-Hsiang and Wang, Guoli and Wang, Hao and Wang, Meng and Wang, Ruiguang and Wang, Siguang and Wang, Wei and Wang, Yi and Wang, Yi and Wang, Yifang and Wang, Zhe and Wang, Zheng and Wang, Zhigang and Wang, Zhimin and Wei, Wei and Wen, Liangjian and Wiebusch, Christopher and Wonsak, Björn and Wu, Qun and Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth and Wurm, Michael and Xi, Yufei and Xia, Dongmei and Xie, Yuguang and Zhi-zhong Xing, and Xu, Jilei and Yan, Baojun and Yang, Changgen and Yang, Chaowen and Yang, Guang and Yang, Lei and Yang, Yifan and Yao, Yu and Yegin, Ugur and Yermia, Frédéric and You, Zhengyun and Yu, Boxiang and Yu, Chunxu and Yu, Zeyuan and Zavatarelli, Sandra and Zhan, Liang and Zhang, Chao and Zhang, Hong-Hao and Zhang, Jiawen and Zhang, Jingbo and Zhang, Qingmin and Zhang, Yu-Mei and Zhang, Zhenyu and Zhao, Zhenghua and Zheng, Yangheng and Zhong, Weili and Zhou, Guorong and Zhou, Jing and Zhou, Li and Zhou, Rong and Zhou, Shun and Zhou, Wenxiong and Zhou, Xiang and Zhou, Yeling and Zhou, Yufeng and Zou, Jiaheng},
abstractNote = {The Jiangmen Underground Neutrino Observatory (JUNO), a 20 kton multi-purpose underground liquid scintillator detector, was proposed with the determination of the neutrino mass hierarchy (MH) as a primary physics goal. The excellent energy resolution and the large fiducial volume anticipated for the JUNO detector offer exciting opportunities for addressing many important topics in neutrino and astro-particle physics. In this document, we present the physics motivations and the anticipated performance of the JUNO detector for various proposed measurements. Following an introduction summarizing the current status and open issues in neutrino physics, we discuss how the detection of antineutrinos generated by a cluster of nuclear power plants allows the determination of the neutrino MH at a 3–4σ significance with six years of running of JUNO. The measurement of antineutrino spectrum with excellent energy resolution will also lead to the precise determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters ${\mathrm{sin}}^{2}{\theta }_{12}$, ${\rm{\Delta }}{m}_{21}^{2}$, and $| {\rm{\Delta }}{m}_{{ee}}^{2}| $ to an accuracy of better than 1%, which will play a crucial role in the future unitarity test of the MNSP matrix. The JUNO detector is capable of observing not only antineutrinos from the power plants, but also neutrinos/antineutrinos from terrestrial and extra-terrestrial sources, including supernova burst neutrinos, diffuse supernova neutrino background, geoneutrinos, atmospheric neutrinos, and solar neutrinos. As a result of JUNO's large size, excellent energy resolution, and vertex reconstruction capability, interesting new data on these topics can be collected. For example, a neutrino burst from a typical core-collapse supernova at a distance of 10 kpc would lead to ~5000 inverse-beta-decay events and ~2000 all-flavor neutrino–proton ES events in JUNO, which are of crucial importance for understanding the mechanism of supernova explosion and for exploring novel phenomena such as collective neutrino oscillations. Detection of neutrinos from all past core-collapse supernova explosions in the visible universe with JUNO would further provide valuable information on the cosmic star-formation rate and the average core-collapse neutrino energy spectrum. Antineutrinos originating from the radioactive decay of uranium and thorium in the Earth can be detected in JUNO with a rate of ~400 events per year, significantly improving the statistics of existing geoneutrino event samples. Atmospheric neutrino events collected in JUNO can provide independent inputs for determining the MH and the octant of the ${\theta }_{23}$ mixing angle. Detection of the 7Be and 8B solar neutrino events at JUNO would shed new light on the solar metallicity problem and examine the transition region between the vacuum and matter dominated neutrino oscillations. Regarding light sterile neutrino topics, sterile neutrinos with ${10}^{-5}\;{{\rm{eV}}}^{2}\lt {\rm{\Delta }}{m}_{41}^{2}\lt {10}^{-2}\;{{\rm{eV}}}^{2}$ and a sufficiently large mixing angle ${\theta }_{14}$ could be identified through a precise measurement of the reactor antineutrino energy spectrum. Meanwhile, JUNO can also provide us excellent opportunities to test the eV-scale sterile neutrino hypothesis, using either the radioactive neutrino sources or a cyclotron-produced neutrino beam. The JUNO detector is also sensitive to several other beyondthe-standard-model physics. Examples include the search for proton decay via the $p\to {K}^{+}+\bar{\nu }$ decay channel, search for neutrinos resulting from dark-matter annihilation in the Sun, search for violation of Lorentz invariance via the sidereal modulation of the reactor neutrino event rate, and search for the effects of non-standard interactions. The proposed construction of the JUNO detector will provide a unique facility to address many outstanding crucial questions in particle and astrophysics in a timely and cost-effective fashion. Furthermore, it holds the great potential for further advancing our quest to understanding the fundamental properties of neutrinos, one of the building blocks of our Universe.},
doi = {10.1088/0954-3899/43/3/030401},
journal = {Journal of Physics. G, Nuclear and Particle Physics},
number = 3,
volume = 43,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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