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Title: Stable high-pressure phases in the H-S system determined by chemically reacting hydrogen and sulfur

Abstract

Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy have been used to study the chemical reactions of molecular hydrogen (H2) with sulfur (S) at high pressures. We find theoretically predicted Cccm and Im3¯m H3S to be the reaction products at 50 and 140 GPa, respectively. Im3¯m H3S is a stable crystalline phase above 140 GPa and it transforms to R3m H3S on pressure release below 140 GPa. Here, the latter phase is (meta)stable down to at least 70 GPa where it transforms to Cccm H3S upon annealing (T < 1300 K) to overcome the kinetic hindrance. Cccm H3S has an extended structure with symmetric hydrogen bonds at 50 GPa, and upon decompression it experiences a transformation to a molecular mixed H2S – H2 structure below 40 GPa without any apparent change in the crystal symmetry.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Hefei (China); Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States)
  2. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, DC (United States); Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)
  3. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1353265
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1351039
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; FG02-94ER14466; EAR-1128799; DMR-1231586; MRI EAR/IF1531583; 2011T2J20
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
ENGLISH
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; phase diagrams; pressure effects; superconducting phase transition; high-temperature superconductors; pressure techniques; X-ray diffraction; general physics

Citation Formats

Goncharov, Alexander F., Lobanov, Sergey S., Prakapenka, Vitali B., and Greenberg, Eran. Stable high-pressure phases in the H-S system determined by chemically reacting hydrogen and sulfur. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.140101.
Goncharov, Alexander F., Lobanov, Sergey S., Prakapenka, Vitali B., & Greenberg, Eran. Stable high-pressure phases in the H-S system determined by chemically reacting hydrogen and sulfur. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.140101.
Goncharov, Alexander F., Lobanov, Sergey S., Prakapenka, Vitali B., and Greenberg, Eran. Mon . "Stable high-pressure phases in the H-S system determined by chemically reacting hydrogen and sulfur". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.140101. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1353265.
@article{osti_1353265,
title = {Stable high-pressure phases in the H-S system determined by chemically reacting hydrogen and sulfur},
author = {Goncharov, Alexander F. and Lobanov, Sergey S. and Prakapenka, Vitali B. and Greenberg, Eran},
abstractNote = {Synchrotron x-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy have been used to study the chemical reactions of molecular hydrogen (H2) with sulfur (S) at high pressures. We find theoretically predicted Cccm and Im3¯m H3S to be the reaction products at 50 and 140 GPa, respectively. Im3¯m H3S is a stable crystalline phase above 140 GPa and it transforms to R3m H3S on pressure release below 140 GPa. Here, the latter phase is (meta)stable down to at least 70 GPa where it transforms to Cccm H3S upon annealing (T < 1300 K) to overcome the kinetic hindrance. Cccm H3S has an extended structure with symmetric hydrogen bonds at 50 GPa, and upon decompression it experiences a transformation to a molecular mixed H2S – H2 structure below 40 GPa without any apparent change in the crystal symmetry.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.95.140101},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 14,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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