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Title: Evaluating the Impacts of Real-Time Pricing on the Cost and Value of Wind Generation

Abstract

One of the costs associated with integrating wind generation into a power system is the cost of redispatching the system in real-time due to day-ahead wind resource forecast errors. One possible way of reducing these redispatch costs is to introduce demand response in the form of real-time pricing (RTP), which could allow electricity demand to respond to actual real-time wind resource availability using price signals. A day-ahead unit commitment model with day-ahead wind forecasts and a real-time dispatch model with actual wind resource availability is used to estimate system operations in a high wind penetration scenario. System operations are compared to a perfect foresight benchmark, in which actual wind resource availability is known day-ahead. The results show that wind integration costs with fixed demands can be high, both due to real-time redispatch costs and lost load. It is demonstrated that introducing RTP can reduce redispatch costs and eliminate loss of load events. Finally, social surplus with wind generation and RTP is compared to a system with neither and the results demonstrate that introducing wind and RTP into a market can result in superadditive surplus gains.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1353222
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0885-8950
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY

Citation Formats

Siohansi, Ramteen. Evaluating the Impacts of Real-Time Pricing on the Cost and Value of Wind Generation. United States: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2009.2032552.
Siohansi, Ramteen. Evaluating the Impacts of Real-Time Pricing on the Cost and Value of Wind Generation. United States. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2009.2032552.
Siohansi, Ramteen. Sat . "Evaluating the Impacts of Real-Time Pricing on the Cost and Value of Wind Generation". United States. doi:10.1109/TPWRS.2009.2032552. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1353222.
@article{osti_1353222,
title = {Evaluating the Impacts of Real-Time Pricing on the Cost and Value of Wind Generation},
author = {Siohansi, Ramteen},
abstractNote = {One of the costs associated with integrating wind generation into a power system is the cost of redispatching the system in real-time due to day-ahead wind resource forecast errors. One possible way of reducing these redispatch costs is to introduce demand response in the form of real-time pricing (RTP), which could allow electricity demand to respond to actual real-time wind resource availability using price signals. A day-ahead unit commitment model with day-ahead wind forecasts and a real-time dispatch model with actual wind resource availability is used to estimate system operations in a high wind penetration scenario. System operations are compared to a perfect foresight benchmark, in which actual wind resource availability is known day-ahead. The results show that wind integration costs with fixed demands can be high, both due to real-time redispatch costs and lost load. It is demonstrated that introducing RTP can reduce redispatch costs and eliminate loss of load events. Finally, social surplus with wind generation and RTP is compared to a system with neither and the results demonstrate that introducing wind and RTP into a market can result in superadditive surplus gains.},
doi = {10.1109/TPWRS.2009.2032552},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Power Systems},
number = 2,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {5}
}

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