skip to main content


Title: Amplified effect of mild plastic anisotropy on residual stress and strain anisotropy

Axisymmetric indentation of a geometrically axisymmetric disk produced residual stresses by non-uniform plastic deformation. The 2024 aluminum plate used to make the disk exhibited mild plastic anisotropy with about 10% lower strength in the transverse direction compared to the rolling and through-thickness directions. Residual stresses and strains in the disk were measured with neutron diffraction, slitting, the contour method, x-ray diffraction and hole drilling. Surprisingly, the residual-stress anisotropy measured in the disk was about 40%, the residual-strain anisotropy was an impressive 100%, and the residual stresses were higher in the weaker direction. The high residual stress anisotropy relative to the mild plastic anisotropy and the direction of the highest stress are explained by considering the mechanics of indentation: constraint on deformation provided by the material surrounding the indentation and preferential deformation in the most compliant direction for incremental deformation. By contrast, the much larger anisotropy in residual strain compared to that in residual stress is independent of the fabrication process and is instead explained by considering Hookean elasticity. For Poisson's ratio of 1/3, the relationship simplifies to the residual strain anisotropy equaling the square of the residual stress anisotropy, which matches the observed results (2 ≈ 1.4^2). Furthermore, a lessonmore » from this study is that to accurately predict residual stresses and strains, one must be wary of seemingly reasonable simplifying assumptions such as neglecting mild plastic anisotropy.« less
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0020-7683
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Solids and Structures
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118-119; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0020-7683
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; residual stress
OSTI Identifier: