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Title: Tangent linear superparameterization of convection in a 10 layer global atmosphere with calibrated climatology

This study describes a new intermediate global atmosphere model in which synoptic and planetary dynamics including the advection of water vapor are explicit, the time mean flow is centered near a realistic state through the calibration of time-independent 3D forcings, and temporal anomalies of convective tendencies of heat and moisture in each column are represented as a linear matrix acting on the anomalous temperature and moisture profiles in the GCM. This matrix was devised from Kuang’s [2010] linear response function (LRF) of a cooled cyclic convection-permitting model (CCPM) with 256 km periodic domain and 1km mesh, measured around an equilibrium state with a mean rainrate of 3.5 mm/d. The goal of this effort was to cleanly test the role of convection’s free-tropospheric moisture sensitivity in tropical waves, without incurring large changes of mean climate that confuse the interpretation of experiments with entrainment rates in the convection schemes of full-physics GCMs. As the sensitivity to free tropospheric moisture (columns 12-20 of the matrix, representing sensitivity to humidity above 900 hPa altitude) is multiplied by a factor ranging from 0 to 2, the model’s variability ranges from: (1) moderately strong convectively coupled waves with speeds near 20 m s -1; to (0)more » weak waves, but still slowed by convective coupling; to (2) wave variability that is greater in amplitude as the water vapor field plays an increasingly important role. Longitudinal structure in the model’s time-mean tropical flow is not fully realistic, and does change significantly with matrix edits, disappointing initial hopes that the Madden-Julian oscillation would be well simulated in the control and could be convincingly decomposed, but further work could improve this class of models.« less
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Miami, Miami, FL (United States)
  3. Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466; KP1703010
Grant/Contract Number:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; super-parameterization; convection; calibrated climatology; coupling
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1352939; OSTI ID: 1358482