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Title: Strain-Mediated Modification of Phagraphene Dirac Cones

We present a first-principles study on the electronic and dynamical properties of phagraphene [Nano Lett., 2015, 15 (9), pp 6182]. This carbon allotrope exhibits a square unit cell, Dirac cones, and robustness against uniaxial deformation. By analyzing the contribution of each carbon atom orbital in the formation of the electronic states, we conclude that only the pz orbitals of eight out of the twenty atoms in the square unit cell are responsible of the formation of the nano-structure Dirac cones. Spatial symmetry breaking of the underlying honeycomb-like network upon shear stress application leads to a band gap opening. The analysis of the phonon spectra demonstrates that the dynamical stability of phagraphene is guaranteed for small distortion angles. Phagraphene is identified here as the first all-C graphitic monolayer with Dirac cones modifiable by a small and realistic physical deformation. The analysis and conclusions of this study can be applied to other monolayered materials exhibiting Dirac cones in square lattices.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 30; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1352889