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Title: Antiferromagnetism in the van der Waals layered spin-lozenge semiconductor CrTe 3

We have investigated the crystallographic, magnetic, and transport properties of the van der Waals bonded, layered compound CrTe 3 on single-crystal and polycrystalline materials. Furthermore, the crystal structure contains layers made up of lozenge-shaped Cr 4 tetramers. Electrical resistivity measurements show the crystals to be semiconducting, with a temperature dependence consistent with a band gap of 0.3 eV. The magnetic susceptibility exhibits a broad maximum near 300 K characteristic of low dimensional magnetic systems. Weak anomalies are observed in the susceptibility and heat capacity near 55 K, and single-crystal neutron diffraction reveals the onset of long-range antiferromagnetic order at this temperature. Strongly dispersive spin waves are observed in the ordered state. Significant magnetoelastic coupling is indicated by the anomalous temperature dependence of the lattice parameters and is evident in structural optimization in van der Waals density functional theory calculations for different magnetic configurations. The cleavability of the compound is apparent from its handling and is confirmed by first-principles calculations, which predict a cleavage energy 0.5 J / m 2 , similar to graphite. Based on our results, CrTe 3 is identified as a promising compound for studies of low dimensional magnetism in bulk crystals as well as magnetic order inmore » monolayer materials and van der Waals heterostructures.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
OSTI Identifier:
1352782
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1351674

McGuire, Michael A., Garlea, V. Ovidiu, KC, Santosh, Cooper, Valentino R., Yan, Jiaqiang, Cao, Huibo, and Sales, Brian C.. Antiferromagnetism in the van der Waals layered spin-lozenge semiconductor CrTe3. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.144421.
McGuire, Michael A., Garlea, V. Ovidiu, KC, Santosh, Cooper, Valentino R., Yan, Jiaqiang, Cao, Huibo, & Sales, Brian C.. Antiferromagnetism in the van der Waals layered spin-lozenge semiconductor CrTe3. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.144421.
McGuire, Michael A., Garlea, V. Ovidiu, KC, Santosh, Cooper, Valentino R., Yan, Jiaqiang, Cao, Huibo, and Sales, Brian C.. 2017. "Antiferromagnetism in the van der Waals layered spin-lozenge semiconductor CrTe3". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.95.144421. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1352782.
@article{osti_1352782,
title = {Antiferromagnetism in the van der Waals layered spin-lozenge semiconductor CrTe3},
author = {McGuire, Michael A. and Garlea, V. Ovidiu and KC, Santosh and Cooper, Valentino R. and Yan, Jiaqiang and Cao, Huibo and Sales, Brian C.},
abstractNote = {We have investigated the crystallographic, magnetic, and transport properties of the van der Waals bonded, layered compound CrTe 3 on single-crystal and polycrystalline materials. Furthermore, the crystal structure contains layers made up of lozenge-shaped Cr 4 tetramers. Electrical resistivity measurements show the crystals to be semiconducting, with a temperature dependence consistent with a band gap of 0.3 eV. The magnetic susceptibility exhibits a broad maximum near 300 K characteristic of low dimensional magnetic systems. Weak anomalies are observed in the susceptibility and heat capacity near 55 K, and single-crystal neutron diffraction reveals the onset of long-range antiferromagnetic order at this temperature. Strongly dispersive spin waves are observed in the ordered state. Significant magnetoelastic coupling is indicated by the anomalous temperature dependence of the lattice parameters and is evident in structural optimization in van der Waals density functional theory calculations for different magnetic configurations. The cleavability of the compound is apparent from its handling and is confirmed by first-principles calculations, which predict a cleavage energy 0.5 J / m 2 , similar to graphite. Based on our results, CrTe 3 is identified as a promising compound for studies of low dimensional magnetism in bulk crystals as well as magnetic order in monolayer materials and van der Waals heterostructures.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.95.144421},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 14,
volume = 95,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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