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Title: Correlation of Electrolyte Volume and Electrochemical Performance in Lithium-Ion Pouch Cells with Graphite Anodes and NMC532 Cathodes

The work herein reports on studies aimed at exploring the correlation between electrolyte volume and electrochemical performance of full cell, pouch-cells consisting of graphite/ Li 1.02Ni 0.50Mn 0.29Co 0.19O 2 (NMC-532) as the electrodes and 1.2 M LiPF 6 in ethylene carbonate:ethylmethyl carbonate (EC:EMC) as the electrolyte. In addition, it is demonstrated that a minimum electrolyte volume factor of 1.9 times the total pore volume of cell components (cathode, anode, and separator) is needed for long-term cyclability and low impedance. Less electrolyte results in an increase of the measured Ohmic resistances. Increased resistance ratios for charge transfer and passivation layers at cathode, relative to initial values, were 1.5 2.0 after 100 cycles. At the cathode, the resistance from charge transfer was 2-3 times higher than for passivation layers. Lastly, differential voltage analysis showed that anodes were less delithiated after discharging as the cells were cycled.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy & Transportation Science Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Bredesen Center for Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Energy & Transportation Science Division
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 164; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; Electrolyte volume; cycle life; lithium ion battery; full pouch cell; high voltage; resistance
OSTI Identifier: