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Title: A liquid jet setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids at free-electron laser sources

Abstract

In this study we describe a setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex fluids using a liquid jet. The setup supports Small and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS/WAXS) geometries. The jet is formed by a gas-dynamic virtual nozzle (GDVN) allowing for diameters ranging between 1 μm and 20 μm at a jet length of several hundred μm. To control jet properties such as jet length, diameter, or flow rate, the instrument is equipped with several diagnostic tools. Three microscopes are installed to quantify jet dimensions and stability in situ. The setup has been used at several beamlines performing both SAXS and WAXS experiments. Finally, as a typical example we show an experiment on a colloidal dispersion in a liquid jet at the X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source free-electron laser.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1];  [5];  [2];  [2];  [6];  [6]; ORCiD logo [7];  [7];  [7];  [2];  [6];  [8];  [8];  [1]
  1. German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI) (Germany)
  2. German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  3. Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany)
  4. Max Planck Inst. for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart (Germany)
  5. Korea Research Inst. of Standards and Science (KRISS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). Frontier in Extreme Physics
  6. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS)
  7. PNSensor GmbH, Munich (Germany)
  8. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Korea Research Inst. of Standards and Science (KRISS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); German Research Foundation (DFG); Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI) (Germany); Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (Korea, Republic of)
Contributing Org.:
The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI) (Germany); Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany); Max Planck Inst. for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart (Germany); PNSensor GmbH, Munich (Germany)
OSTI Identifier:
1352668
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1257659; OSTI ID: 1352666
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; NRF-2014M3C1A8048818; NRF-2014M1A7A1A01030128; AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Fluid jets; Nozzle jets; Fluid drops; Light emitting diodes; X-ray scattering

Citation Formats

Steinke, I., Walther, M., Lehmkühler, F., Wochner, P., Valerio, J., Mager, R., Schroer, M. A., Lee, S., Roseker, W., Jain, A., Sikorski, M., Song, S., Hartmann, R., Huth, M., Strüder, L., Sprung, M., Robert, A., Fuoss, P. H., Stephenson, G. B., and Grübel, G.. A liquid jet setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids at free-electron laser sources. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4953921.
Steinke, I., Walther, M., Lehmkühler, F., Wochner, P., Valerio, J., Mager, R., Schroer, M. A., Lee, S., Roseker, W., Jain, A., Sikorski, M., Song, S., Hartmann, R., Huth, M., Strüder, L., Sprung, M., Robert, A., Fuoss, P. H., Stephenson, G. B., & Grübel, G.. A liquid jet setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids at free-electron laser sources. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4953921
Steinke, I., Walther, M., Lehmkühler, F., Wochner, P., Valerio, J., Mager, R., Schroer, M. A., Lee, S., Roseker, W., Jain, A., Sikorski, M., Song, S., Hartmann, R., Huth, M., Strüder, L., Sprung, M., Robert, A., Fuoss, P. H., Stephenson, G. B., and Grübel, G.. Fri . "A liquid jet setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids at free-electron laser sources". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4953921. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1352668.
@article{osti_1352668,
title = {A liquid jet setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids at free-electron laser sources},
author = {Steinke, I. and Walther, M. and Lehmkühler, F. and Wochner, P. and Valerio, J. and Mager, R. and Schroer, M. A. and Lee, S. and Roseker, W. and Jain, A. and Sikorski, M. and Song, S. and Hartmann, R. and Huth, M. and Strüder, L. and Sprung, M. and Robert, A. and Fuoss, P. H. and Stephenson, G. B. and Grübel, G.},
abstractNote = {In this study we describe a setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex fluids using a liquid jet. The setup supports Small and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS/WAXS) geometries. The jet is formed by a gas-dynamic virtual nozzle (GDVN) allowing for diameters ranging between 1 μm and 20 μm at a jet length of several hundred μm. To control jet properties such as jet length, diameter, or flow rate, the instrument is equipped with several diagnostic tools. Three microscopes are installed to quantify jet dimensions and stability in situ. The setup has been used at several beamlines performing both SAXS and WAXS experiments. Finally, as a typical example we show an experiment on a colloidal dispersion in a liquid jet at the X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source free-electron laser.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4953921},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 6,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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