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Title: A liquid jet setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex liquids at free-electron laser sources

In this study we describe a setup for x-ray scattering experiments on complex fluids using a liquid jet. The setup supports Small and Wide Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS/WAXS) geometries. The jet is formed by a gas-dynamic virtual nozzle (GDVN) allowing for diameters ranging between 1 μm and 20 μm at a jet length of several hundred μm. To control jet properties such as jet length, diameter, or flow rate, the instrument is equipped with several diagnostic tools. Three microscopes are installed to quantify jet dimensions and stability in situ. The setup has been used at several beamlines performing both SAXS and WAXS experiments. Finally, as a typical example we show an experiment on a colloidal dispersion in a liquid jet at the X-ray Correlation Spectroscopy instrument at the Linac Coherent Light Source free-electron laser.
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-76SF00515; NRF-2014M3C1A8048818; NRF-2014M1A7A1A01030128
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); German Electron Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Korea Research Inst. of Standards and Science (KRISS), Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); German Research Foundation (DFG); Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI) (Germany); Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (Korea, Republic of)
Contributing Orgs:
The Hamburg Centre for Ultrafast Imaging (CUI) (Germany); Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research, Stuttgart (Germany); Max Planck Inst. for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart (Germany); PNSensor GmbH, Munich (Germany)
Country of Publication:
United States
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Fluid jets; Nozzle jets; Fluid drops; Light emitting diodes; X-ray scattering
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1257659; OSTI ID: 1352666