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Title: Terawatt-scale photovoltaics: Trajectories and challenges

The annual potential of solar energy far exceeds the world's total energy consumption. However, the vision of photovoltaics (PVs) providing a substantial fraction of global electricity generation and total energy demand is far from being realized. What technical, infrastructure, economic, and policy barriers need to be overcome for PVs to grow to the multiple terawatt (TW) scale? Here, we assess realistic future scenarios and make suggestions for a global agenda to move toward PVs at a multi-TW scale.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [1] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [1] ;  [13] ;  [1] ;  [1] more »;  [1] « less
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. SolarWorld Industries Thuringen GmbH, Arnstadt (Germany)
  4. First Solar, Tempe, AZ (United States)
  5. Univ. of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW (Australia)
  6. "Solar Cells - Development and Characterization" Fraunhofer ISE, Freiburg (Germany)
  7. Fraunhofer ISE, Freiburg (Germany)
  8. VDE, Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
  9. RTS Corp., Tokyo (Japan)
  10. National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Fukushima (Japan)
  11. AIST, Tsukuba (Japan)
  12. Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy System (ISE), Freiburg (Germany)
  13. Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Freiburg (Germany); Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore (BEARS), Create Tower (Singapore)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5K00-66779
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 356; Journal Issue: 6334; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; terawatt scale; photovoltaics; challenges; R&D; complementary technologies; COP-21; international collaboration; GA-SERI
OSTI Identifier:
1352502