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Title: Engineering Heteromaterials to Control Lithium Ion Transport Pathways

Safe and efficient operation of lithium ion batteries requires precisely directed flow of lithium ions and electrons to control the first directional volume changes in anode and cathode materials. Understanding and controlling the lithium ion transport in battery electrodes becomes crucial to the design of high performance and durable batteries. Some recent work revealed that the chemical potential barriers encountered at the surfaces of heteromaterials play an important role in directing lithium ion transport at nanoscale. We utilize in situ transmission electron microscopy to demonstrate that we can switch lithiation pathways from radial to axial to grain-by-grain lithiation through the systematic creation of heteromaterial combinations in the Si-Ge nanowire system. Furthermore, our systematic studies show that engineered materials at nanoscale can overcome the intrinsic orientation-dependent lithiation, and open new pathways to aid in the development of compact, safe, and efficient batteries.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
  2. Univ. of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2015-5482J; LA-UR-17-21825
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; srep18482
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000; SC0001160; AC52-06NA25396
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Interface effect; bandgap engineering; lithiation behavior; Ge-Si heterostructured nanowires; in-situ TEM study; materials for energy and catalysis; nanoscience and technology
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1257986