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Title: Evaluation of a self-equilibrium cutting strategy for the contour method of residual stress measurement

An assessment of cutting-induced plasticity (CIP) is performed, by finite element (FE) prediction of the plastic strain accumulation along the cut tip when the EDM wire sections the NeT TG4 weld benchmark specimen along two cutting directions. The first direction corresponds to a conventional (C) cutting strategy, whereby the EDM wire cuts through the thickness of the weld specimen and travels in a direction transverse to the weld. The second direction corresponds to a self-equilibrating cutting (SE) strategy, whereby the EDM wire cuts across the transverse direction of the weld specimens and travels through the thickness of the plate. The cutting thus progresses simultaneously through the compression-tension-compression regions of present weld residual stress (WRS) field. This type of cutting strategy is believed to minimize the CIP by minimising residual stress redistribution during cutting, due to stress equilibration across the sectioned material. The simulated cutting procedures are conducted under a range of clamping conditions to assess whether mechanical restraint has a primary or secondary influence on CIP accumulation. Both predictions of CIP and the resultant back-calculated WRS demonstrate that (i) mechanical restraint is the primary variable influencing CIP development, and (ii) under no circumstance does a self-equilibrating cutting strategy perform significantlymore » better than a conventional cutting approach. Furthermore, the reason that self-equilibrating cuts are not effective is illustrated by calculating the Mode I (K I) stress intensity factor (SIF) along the cut tip, and correlating trends in K I to CIP development.« less
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. ANSTO, Lucas Heights, NSW (Australia)
  2. Open Univ., Milton Keynes (United Kingdom)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0308-0161
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping; Journal ID: ISSN 0308-0161
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; residual stress; contour method; optimisation; finite element analysis; cutting direction
OSTI Identifier: