skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Supersonically Spray-Coated Colloidal Quantum Dot Ink Solar Cells

Abstract

Controlling the thickness of quantum dot (QD) films is difficult using existing film formation techniques, which employ pre-ligand-exchanged PbS QD inks, because of several issues: 1) poor colloidal stability, 2) use of high-boiling-point solvents for QD dispersion, and 3) limitations associated with one-step deposition. Here in this paper, we suggest a new protocol for QD film deposition using electrical double-layered PbS QD inks, prepared by solution-phase ligand exchange using methyl ammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3). The films are deposited by the supersonic spraying technique, which facilitates the rapid evaporation of the solvent and the subsequent deposition of the PbS QD ink without requiring a post-deposition annealing treatment for solvent removal. The film thickness could be readily controlled by varying the number of spraying sweeps made across the substrate. This spray deposition process yields high-quality n-type QD films quickly (within 1 min) while minimizing the amount of the PbS QD ink used to less than 5 mg for one device (300-nm-thick absorbing layer, 2.5 x 2.5 cm2). Further, the formation of an additional p-layer by treatment with mercaptopropionic acid allows for facile hole extraction from the QD films, resulting in a power conversion efficiency of 3.7% under 1.5 AM illumination.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Korea Inst. of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of). Nano-Mechanical Systems Research Division; Korea Univ. of Science and Technology (UST) Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
  2. Korea Univ., Seoul (Korea, Republic of). School of Mechanical Engineering
  3. Korea Inst. of Machinery and Materials, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)
  4. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); Korea Institute for Advancement of Technology (KIAT)
OSTI Identifier:
1351938
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-68321
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; NRF-2016R1A2B3014182
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; quantum dots; solar cells; deposition

Citation Formats

Choi, Hyekyoung, Lee, Jong-Gun, Mai, Xuan Dung, Beard, Matthew C., Yoon, Sam S., and Jeong, Sohee. Supersonically Spray-Coated Colloidal Quantum Dot Ink Solar Cells. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00669-9.
Choi, Hyekyoung, Lee, Jong-Gun, Mai, Xuan Dung, Beard, Matthew C., Yoon, Sam S., & Jeong, Sohee. Supersonically Spray-Coated Colloidal Quantum Dot Ink Solar Cells. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00669-9
Choi, Hyekyoung, Lee, Jong-Gun, Mai, Xuan Dung, Beard, Matthew C., Yoon, Sam S., and Jeong, Sohee. Tue . "Supersonically Spray-Coated Colloidal Quantum Dot Ink Solar Cells". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-00669-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1351938.
@article{osti_1351938,
title = {Supersonically Spray-Coated Colloidal Quantum Dot Ink Solar Cells},
author = {Choi, Hyekyoung and Lee, Jong-Gun and Mai, Xuan Dung and Beard, Matthew C. and Yoon, Sam S. and Jeong, Sohee},
abstractNote = {Controlling the thickness of quantum dot (QD) films is difficult using existing film formation techniques, which employ pre-ligand-exchanged PbS QD inks, because of several issues: 1) poor colloidal stability, 2) use of high-boiling-point solvents for QD dispersion, and 3) limitations associated with one-step deposition. Here in this paper, we suggest a new protocol for QD film deposition using electrical double-layered PbS QD inks, prepared by solution-phase ligand exchange using methyl ammonium lead iodide (MAPbI3). The films are deposited by the supersonic spraying technique, which facilitates the rapid evaporation of the solvent and the subsequent deposition of the PbS QD ink without requiring a post-deposition annealing treatment for solvent removal. The film thickness could be readily controlled by varying the number of spraying sweeps made across the substrate. This spray deposition process yields high-quality n-type QD films quickly (within 1 min) while minimizing the amount of the PbS QD ink used to less than 5 mg for one device (300-nm-thick absorbing layer, 2.5 x 2.5 cm2). Further, the formation of an additional p-layer by treatment with mercaptopropionic acid allows for facile hole extraction from the QD films, resulting in a power conversion efficiency of 3.7% under 1.5 AM illumination.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-00669-9},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

PbSe Nanocrystal Solids for n- and p-Channel Thin Film Field-Effect Transistors
journal, October 2005


Colloidally Prepared 3-Mercaptopropionic Acid Capped Lead Sulfide Quantum Dots
journal, October 2015


Single-step fabrication of quantum funnels via centrifugal colloidal casting of nanoparticle films
journal, July 2015

  • Kim, Jin Young; Adinolfi, Valerio; Sutherland, Brandon R.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8772

Air-Stable and Efficient PbSe Quantum-Dot Solar Cells Based upon ZnSe to PbSe Cation-Exchanged Quantum Dots
journal, July 2015


Self-Healing Reduced Graphene Oxide Films by Supersonic Kinetic Spraying
journal, May 2014

  • Kim, Do-Yeon; Sinha-Ray, Suman; Park, Jung-Jae
  • Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 24, Issue 31
  • DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201400732

Electronic Structure of PbS Colloidal Quantum Dots on Indium Tin Oxide and Titanium Oxide
journal, November 2014

  • Kim, Tae Gun; Choi, Hyekyoung; Jeong, Sohee
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp508737r

Ultrasensitive solution-cast quantum dot photodetectors
journal, July 2006

  • Konstantatos, Gerasimos; Howard, Ian; Fischer, Armin
  • Nature, Vol. 442, Issue 7099
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature04855

Solar Cells Based on Inks of n-Type Colloidal Quantum Dots
journal, September 2014

  • Ning, Zhijun; Dong, Haopeng; Zhang, Qiong
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn503569p

Enhanced optoelectronic quality of perovskite thin films with hypophosphorous acid for planar heterojunction solar cells
journal, November 2015

  • Zhang, Wei; Pathak, Sandeep; Sakai, Nobuya
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10030

Nanoparticle-based, spray-coated silver top contacts for efficient polymer solar cells
journal, July 2009


Photoelectric Properties of Mg2Si, Mg2Ge, and Mg2Sn I. X-Ray Excitation
journal, July 1973

  • Tejeda, J.; Cardona, M.; Shevchik, N. J.
  • Physica Status Solidi (b), Vol. 58, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/pssb.2220580118

Scalable Binder-Free Supersonic Cold Spraying of Nanotextured Cupric Oxide (CuO) Films as Efficient Photocathodes
journal, June 2016

  • Lee, Jong Gun; Kim, Do-Yeon; Lee, Jong-Hyuk
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 8, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.6b03968

Soluble Precursors for CuInSe 2 , CuIn 1– x Ga x Se 2 , and Cu 2 ZnSn(S,Se) 4 Based on Colloidal Nanocrystals and Molecular Metal Chalcogenide Surface Ligands
journal, March 2012

  • Jiang, Chengyang; Lee, Jong-Soo; Talapin, Dmitri V.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja2105812

Mid-infrared HgTe colloidal quantum dot photodetectors
journal, July 2011


A perspective of mesoscopic solar cells based on metal chalcogenide quantum dots and organometal-halide perovskites
journal, October 2013

  • Rhee, Jae Hui; Chung, Chih-Chun; Diau, Eric Wei-Guang
  • NPG Asia Materials, Vol. 5, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/am.2013.53

Colloidal Dispersions of Gold Rods Characterized by Dynamic Light Scattering and Electrophoresis
journal, January 2000

  • van der Zande, Bianca M. I.; Dhont, Jan K. G.; Böhmer, Marcel R.
  • Langmuir, Vol. 16, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/la990043x

Directly Deposited Quantum Dot Solids Using a Colloidally Stable Nanoparticle Ink
journal, August 2013


Colloidal Nanocrystals with Inorganic Halide, Pseudohalide, and Halometallate Ligands
journal, June 2014

  • Zhang, Hao; Jang, Jaeyoung; Liu, Wenyong
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 8, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn502470v

Efficient Spray-Coated Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells
journal, November 2014

  • Kramer, Illan J.; Minor, James C.; Moreno-Bautista, Gabriel
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201403281

Stable Dispersion of Iodide-Capped PbSe Quantum Dots for High-Performance Low-Temperature Processed Electronics and Optoelectronics
journal, June 2015


Ultrastable PbSe Nanocrystal Quantum Dots via in Situ Formation of Atomically Thin Halide Adlayers on PbSe(100)
journal, June 2014

  • Woo, Ju Young; Ko, Jae-Hyeon; Song, Jung Hoon
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja503957r

Steric-Hindrance-Driven Shape Transition in PbS Quantum Dots: Understanding Size-Dependent Stability
journal, March 2013

  • Choi, Hyekyoung; Ko, Jae-Hyeon; Kim, Yong-Hyun
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 135, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja400948t

Lead Halide Perovskites and Other Metal Halide Complexes As Inorganic Capping Ligands for Colloidal Nanocrystals
journal, April 2014

  • Dirin, Dmitry N.; Dreyfuss, Sébastien; Bodnarchuk, Maryna I.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja5006288

A Resonance-Shifting Hybrid n-Type Layer for Boosting Near-Infrared Response in Highly Efficient Colloidal Quantum Dots Solar Cells
journal, November 2015

  • Baek, Se-Woong; Song, Jung Hoon; Choi, Woong
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 27, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201503642

10.6% Certified Colloidal Quantum Dot Solar Cells via Solvent-Polarity-Engineered Halide Passivation
journal, June 2016


Metal Halide Solid-State Surface Treatment for High Efficiency PbS and PbSe QD Solar Cells
journal, April 2015

  • Crisp, Ryan W.; Kroupa, Daniel M.; Marshall, Ashley R.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep09945

Highly Effective Surface Passivation of PbSe Quantum Dots through Reaction with Molecular Chlorine
journal, November 2012

  • Bae, Wan Ki; Joo, Jin; Padilha, Lazaro A.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja309783v

One-Step Deposition of Photovoltaic Layers Using Iodide Terminated PbS Quantum Dots
journal, November 2014

  • Kim, Sungwoo; Noh, Jaehong; Choi, Hyekyoung
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 5, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz502092x

Supersonically blown nylon-6 nanofibers entangled with graphene flakes for water purification
journal, January 2015

  • Lee, Jong-Gun; Kim, Do-Yeon; Mali, Mukund G.
  • Nanoscale, Vol. 7, Issue 45
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5NR06549F

PbS/ZnO Heterojunction Colloidal Quantum Dot Photovoltaic Devices by a Room Temperature Air-Spray Method
journal, January 2016

  • Park, Dasom; Aqoma, Havid; Ryu, Ilhwan
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, Vol. 22, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/JSTQE.2015.2453327

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Spray Coated Colloidal Quantum Dot Films for Broadband Photodetectors
    journal, December 2019

    • Song, Kaixuan; Yuan, Jifeng; Shen, Ting
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.3390/nano9121738

    Towards the commercialization of colloidal quantum dot solar cells: perspectives on device structures and manufacturing
    journal, January 2020

    • Lee, Hyunho; Song, Hyung-Jun; Shim, Moonsub
    • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 13, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9ee03348c

    Tuning Solute‐Redistribution Dynamics for Scalable Fabrication of Colloidal Quantum‐Dot Optoelectronics
    journal, May 2019


    Supersonic Cold Spraying for Energy and Environmental Applications: One‐Step Scalable Coating Technology for Advanced Micro‐ and Nanotextured Materials
    journal, November 2019

    • An, Seongpil; Joshi, Bhavana; Yarin, Alexander L.
    • Advanced Materials, Vol. 32, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201905028

    Colloidal quantum dots for optoelectronics
    journal, January 2017

    • Litvin, A. P.; Martynenko, I. V.; Purcell-Milton, F.
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1039/c7ta02076g

    AC-dielectrophoretic force assisted fabrication of conducting quantum dot aggregates in the electrical breakdown-induced CNT nanogap
    journal, March 2018

    • Shim, Hyung Cheoul; Choi, Hyekyoung; Jeong, Sohee
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 112, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5022404

    Pressure-enhanced electronic coupling of highly passivated quantum dot films to improve photovoltaic performance
    journal, November 2019

    • Wang, Yinglin; An, Meiqi; Jia, Yuwen
    • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 115, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5110749

    A Review on Eco-Friendly Quantum Dot Solar Cells: Materials and Manufacturing Processes
    journal, April 2018

    • Choi, Hyekyoung; Jeong, Sohee
    • International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing-Green Technology, Vol. 5, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s40684-018-0037-2