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Title: E-band Nd 3+ amplifier based on wavelength selection in an all-solid micro-structured fiber

Here, a Nd 3+ fiber amplifier with gain from 1376 nm to 1466 nm is demonstrated. This is enabled by a wavelength selective waveguide that suppresses amplified spontaneous emission between 850 nm and 1150 nm. It is shown that while excited state absorption (ESA) precludes net gain below 1375 nm with the exception of a small band from 1333 nm to 1350 nm, ESA diminishes steadily beyond 1375 nm allowing for the construction of an efficient fiber amplifier with a gain peak at 1400 nm and the potential for gain from 1375 nm to 1500 nm. A peak small signal gain of 13.3 dB is measured at 1402 nm with a noise figure of 7.6 dB. Detailed measurements of the Nd 3+ emission and excited state absorption cross sections suggest the potential for better performance in improved fibers. Specifically, reduction of the fiber mode field diameter from 10.5 µm to 5.25 µm and reduction of the fiber background loss to <10 dB/km at 1400 nm should enable construction of an E-band fiber amplifier with a noise figure < 5 dB and a small signal gain > 20 dB over 30 nm of bandwidth. Such an amplifier would have a formmore » factor and optical properties similar to current erbium fiber amplifiers, enabling modern fiber optic communication systems to operate in the E-band with amplifier technology similar to that employed in the C and L bands.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-716937
Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087; OPEXFF
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Optics Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 25; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087
Publisher:
Optical Society of America (OSA)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; lasers, fibers; lasers, neodymium; laser amplifiers; fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
OSTI Identifier:
1351148

Dawson, Jay W., Kiani, Leily S., Pax, Paul H., Allen, Graham S., Drachenberg, Derrek R., Khitrov, Victor V., Chen, Diana, Schenkel, Nick, Cook, Matthew J., Crist, Robert P., and Messerly, Michael J.. E-band Nd3+ amplifier based on wavelength selection in an all-solid micro-structured fiber. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1364/OE.25.006524.
Dawson, Jay W., Kiani, Leily S., Pax, Paul H., Allen, Graham S., Drachenberg, Derrek R., Khitrov, Victor V., Chen, Diana, Schenkel, Nick, Cook, Matthew J., Crist, Robert P., & Messerly, Michael J.. E-band Nd3+ amplifier based on wavelength selection in an all-solid micro-structured fiber. United States. doi:10.1364/OE.25.006524.
Dawson, Jay W., Kiani, Leily S., Pax, Paul H., Allen, Graham S., Drachenberg, Derrek R., Khitrov, Victor V., Chen, Diana, Schenkel, Nick, Cook, Matthew J., Crist, Robert P., and Messerly, Michael J.. 2017. "E-band Nd3+ amplifier based on wavelength selection in an all-solid micro-structured fiber". United States. doi:10.1364/OE.25.006524. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1351148.
@article{osti_1351148,
title = {E-band Nd3+ amplifier based on wavelength selection in an all-solid micro-structured fiber},
author = {Dawson, Jay W. and Kiani, Leily S. and Pax, Paul H. and Allen, Graham S. and Drachenberg, Derrek R. and Khitrov, Victor V. and Chen, Diana and Schenkel, Nick and Cook, Matthew J. and Crist, Robert P. and Messerly, Michael J.},
abstractNote = {Here, a Nd3+ fiber amplifier with gain from 1376 nm to 1466 nm is demonstrated. This is enabled by a wavelength selective waveguide that suppresses amplified spontaneous emission between 850 nm and 1150 nm. It is shown that while excited state absorption (ESA) precludes net gain below 1375 nm with the exception of a small band from 1333 nm to 1350 nm, ESA diminishes steadily beyond 1375 nm allowing for the construction of an efficient fiber amplifier with a gain peak at 1400 nm and the potential for gain from 1375 nm to 1500 nm. A peak small signal gain of 13.3 dB is measured at 1402 nm with a noise figure of 7.6 dB. Detailed measurements of the Nd3+ emission and excited state absorption cross sections suggest the potential for better performance in improved fibers. Specifically, reduction of the fiber mode field diameter from 10.5 µm to 5.25 µm and reduction of the fiber background loss to <10 dB/km at 1400 nm should enable construction of an E-band fiber amplifier with a noise figure < 5 dB and a small signal gain > 20 dB over 30 nm of bandwidth. Such an amplifier would have a form factor and optical properties similar to current erbium fiber amplifiers, enabling modern fiber optic communication systems to operate in the E-band with amplifier technology similar to that employed in the C and L bands.},
doi = {10.1364/OE.25.006524},
journal = {Optics Express},
number = 6,
volume = 25,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}