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Title: Fast instability caused by electron cloud in combined function magnets

One of the factors which may limit the intensity in the Fermilab Recycler is a fast transverse instability. It develops within a hundred turns and, in certain conditions, may lead to a beam loss. The high rate of the instability suggest that its cause is electron cloud. Here, we studied the phenomena by observing the dynamics of stable and unstable beam, simulating numerically the build-up of the electron cloud, and developed an analytical model of an electron cloud driven instability with the electrons trapped in combined function di-poles. We also found that beam motion can be stabilized by a clearing bunch, which confirms the electron cloud nature of the instability. The clearing suggest electron cloud trapping in Recycler combined function mag-nets. Numerical simulations show that up to 1% of the particles can be trapped by the magnetic field. Since the process of electron cloud build-up is exponential, once trapped this amount of electrons significantly increases the density of the cloud on the next revolution. Furthermore, in a Recycler combined function dipole this multi-turn accumulation allows the electron cloud reaching final intensities orders of magnitude greater than in a pure dipole. The estimated resulting instability growth rate of about 30 revolutionsmore » and the mode fre-quency of 0.4 MHz are consistent with experimental observations and agree with the simulation in the PEI code. The created instability model allows investigating the beam stability for the future intensity upgrades.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1612.03967; FERMILAB-PUB-16-612-AD
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9888; PRABCJ; 1503212; TRN: US1700541
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Online); Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9888
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS
OSTI Identifier:
1351037
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1342212

Antipov, S. A., Adamson, P., Burov, A., Nagaitsev, S., and Yang, M. -J.. Fast instability caused by electron cloud in combined function magnets. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.044401.
Antipov, S. A., Adamson, P., Burov, A., Nagaitsev, S., & Yang, M. -J.. Fast instability caused by electron cloud in combined function magnets. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.044401.
Antipov, S. A., Adamson, P., Burov, A., Nagaitsev, S., and Yang, M. -J.. 2017. "Fast instability caused by electron cloud in combined function magnets". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.044401.
@article{osti_1351037,
title = {Fast instability caused by electron cloud in combined function magnets},
author = {Antipov, S. A. and Adamson, P. and Burov, A. and Nagaitsev, S. and Yang, M. -J.},
abstractNote = {One of the factors which may limit the intensity in the Fermilab Recycler is a fast transverse instability. It develops within a hundred turns and, in certain conditions, may lead to a beam loss. The high rate of the instability suggest that its cause is electron cloud. Here, we studied the phenomena by observing the dynamics of stable and unstable beam, simulating numerically the build-up of the electron cloud, and developed an analytical model of an electron cloud driven instability with the electrons trapped in combined function di-poles. We also found that beam motion can be stabilized by a clearing bunch, which confirms the electron cloud nature of the instability. The clearing suggest electron cloud trapping in Recycler combined function mag-nets. Numerical simulations show that up to 1% of the particles can be trapped by the magnetic field. Since the process of electron cloud build-up is exponential, once trapped this amount of electrons significantly increases the density of the cloud on the next revolution. Furthermore, in a Recycler combined function dipole this multi-turn accumulation allows the electron cloud reaching final intensities orders of magnitude greater than in a pure dipole. The estimated resulting instability growth rate of about 30 revolutions and the mode fre-quency of 0.4 MHz are consistent with experimental observations and agree with the simulation in the PEI code. The created instability model allows investigating the beam stability for the future intensity upgrades.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.20.044401},
journal = {Physical Review Accelerators and Beams (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}