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Title: No fifth force in a scale invariant universe

We revisit the possibility that the Planck mass is spontaneously generated in scale-invariant scalar-tensor theories of gravity, typically leading to a “dilaton.” The fifth force, arising from the dilaton, is severely constrained by astrophysical measurements. We explore the possibility that nature is fundamentally scale invariant and argue that, as a consequence, the fifth-force effects are dramatically suppressed and such models are viable. Finally, we discuss possible obstructions to maintaining scale invariance and how these might be resolved.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Oxford, Oxford (United Kingdom)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-16-665-T; arXiv:1612.03157
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 1502606; TRN: US1700605
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 95; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS
OSTI Identifier:
1350515
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1347822