skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Simultaneous, single-pulse, synchrotron x-ray imaging and diffraction under gas gun loading

Abstract

We develop a mini gas gun system for simultaneous, single-pulse, x-ray diffraction and imaging under high strain-rate loading at the beamline 32-ID of the Advanced Photon Source. In order to increase the reciprocal space covered by a small-area detector, a conventional target chamber is split into two chambers: a narrowed measurement chamber and a relief chamber. The gas gun impact is synchronized with synchrotron x-ray pulses and high-speed cameras. Depending on a camera’s capability, multiframe imaging and diffraction can be achieved. The proof-of-principle experiments are performed on single-crystal sapphire. The diffraction spots and images during impact are analyzed to quantify lattice deformation and fracture; fracture is dominated by splitting cracks followed by wing cracks, and diffraction peaks are broadened likely due to mosaic spread. Our results demonstrate the potential of such multiscale measurements for studying high strain-rate phenomena at dynamic extremes.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [3];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. The Peac Institute of Multiscale Sciences, Sichuan (People's Republic of China); Southwest Jiaotong Univ., Sichuan (People's Republic of China)
  2. The Peac Institute of Multiscale Sciences, Sichuan (People's Republic of China)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); National Basic Research Program of China
OSTI Identifier:
1350081
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1371917
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Cameras; Cracks; Single crystals; X-ray diffraction; X-ray imaging

Citation Formats

Fan, D., Huang, J. W., Zeng, X. L., Li, Y., E, J. C., Huang, J. Y., Sun, T., Fezzaa, K., Wang, Z., and Luo, S. N. Simultaneous, single-pulse, synchrotron x-ray imaging and diffraction under gas gun loading. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4950869.
Fan, D., Huang, J. W., Zeng, X. L., Li, Y., E, J. C., Huang, J. Y., Sun, T., Fezzaa, K., Wang, Z., & Luo, S. N. Simultaneous, single-pulse, synchrotron x-ray imaging and diffraction under gas gun loading. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4950869
Fan, D., Huang, J. W., Zeng, X. L., Li, Y., E, J. C., Huang, J. Y., Sun, T., Fezzaa, K., Wang, Z., and Luo, S. N. Mon . "Simultaneous, single-pulse, synchrotron x-ray imaging and diffraction under gas gun loading". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4950869. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1350081.
@article{osti_1350081,
title = {Simultaneous, single-pulse, synchrotron x-ray imaging and diffraction under gas gun loading},
author = {Fan, D. and Huang, J. W. and Zeng, X. L. and Li, Y. and E, J. C. and Huang, J. Y. and Sun, T. and Fezzaa, K. and Wang, Z. and Luo, S. N.},
abstractNote = {We develop a mini gas gun system for simultaneous, single-pulse, x-ray diffraction and imaging under high strain-rate loading at the beamline 32-ID of the Advanced Photon Source. In order to increase the reciprocal space covered by a small-area detector, a conventional target chamber is split into two chambers: a narrowed measurement chamber and a relief chamber. The gas gun impact is synchronized with synchrotron x-ray pulses and high-speed cameras. Depending on a camera’s capability, multiframe imaging and diffraction can be achieved. The proof-of-principle experiments are performed on single-crystal sapphire. The diffraction spots and images during impact are analyzed to quantify lattice deformation and fracture; fracture is dominated by splitting cracks followed by wing cracks, and diffraction peaks are broadened likely due to mosaic spread. Our results demonstrate the potential of such multiscale measurements for studying high strain-rate phenomena at dynamic extremes.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4950869},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 5,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Transient x-ray diffraction with simultaneous imaging under high strain-rate loading
journal, November 2014

  • Fan, D.; Lu, L.; Li, B.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4900861

Note: Dynamic strain field mapping with synchrotron X-ray digital image correlation
journal, July 2014

  • Lu, L.; Fan, D.; Bie, B. X.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4887343

In situ damage assessment using synchrotron X-rays in materials loaded by a Hopkinson bar
journal, May 2014

  • Chen, Weinong W.; Hudspeth, Matthew C.; Claus, Ben
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 372, Issue 2015
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2013.0191

Refractive index of r-cut sapphire under shock pressure range 5 to 65 GPa
journal, September 2014

  • Cao, Xiuxia; Li, Jiabo; Li, Jun
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4894854

Quantitative microdiffraction from deformed crystals with unpaired dislocations and dislocation walls
journal, February 2003

  • Barabash, R. I.; Ice, G. E.; Walker, F. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 93, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1534378

Heterogeneity in deformation of granular ceramics under dynamic loading
journal, January 2016


Time-resolved x-ray diffraction techniques for bulk polycrystalline materials under dynamic loading
journal, September 2014

  • Lambert, P. K.; Hustedt, C. J.; Vecchio, K. S.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4893881

Simultaneous X-ray diffraction and phase-contrast imaging for investigating material deformation mechanisms during high-rate loading
journal, January 2015


Exploiting coherence for real-time studies by single-bunch imaging
journal, May 2014


Gas gun shock experiments with single-pulse x-ray phase contrast imaging and diffraction at the Advanced Photon Source
journal, July 2012

  • Luo, S. N.; Jensen, B. J.; Hooks, D. E.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4733704

Status of XOP: an x-ray optics software toolkit
conference, October 2004

  • Sanchez del Rio, Manuel; Dejus, Roger J.
  • Optical Science and Technology, the SPIE 49th Annual Meeting, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.560903

High speed synchrotron x-ray phase contrast imaging of dynamic material response to split Hopkinson bar loading
journal, February 2013

  • Hudspeth, M.; Claus, B.; Dubelman, S.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 84, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4789780

Spall fracture: methodological aspects, mechanisms and governing factors
journal, January 2010


Microstructure and deformation mechanisms in nanocrystalline Ni–Fe. Part I. Microstructure
journal, September 2013


Formation and Subdivision of Deformation Structures During Plastic Deformation
journal, May 2006


Dynamic crystal rotation resolved by high-speed synchrotron X-ray Laue diffraction
journal, March 2016


Shock compression of solids
journal, October 1979


X-ray imaging of subsurface dynamics in high-Z materials at the Diamond Light Source
journal, December 2014

  • Eakins, D. E.; Chapman, D. J.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4904275

Real-time microstructure of shocked LiF crystals: Use of synchrotron x-rays
journal, March 2009

  • Turneaure, Stefan J.; Gupta, Y. M.; Zimmerman, K.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3080176

Ultrafast, high resolution, phase contrast imaging of impact response with synchrotron radiation
journal, March 2012

  • Jensen, B. J.; Luo, S. N.; Hooks, D. E.
  • AIP Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3696041

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Quantitative In Situ Studies of Dynamic Fracture in Brittle Solids Using Dynamic X-ray Phase Contrast Imaging
    journal, September 2018


    Capture Deformation Twinning in Mg during Shock Compression with Ultrafast Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction
    journal, December 2019


    Deducing density and strength of nanocrystalline Ta and diamond under extreme conditions from X-ray diffraction
    journal, January 2019