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Title: β-SiH-containing tris(silazido) rare-earth complexes as homogeneous and grafted single-site catalyst precursors for hydroamination

A series of homoleptic rare-earth silazido compounds and their silica-grafted derivatives were prepared to compare spectroscopic and catalytic features under homogeneous and interfacial conditions. Trivalent tris(silazido) compounds Ln{N(SiHMe 2) tBu} 3 (Ln = Sc (1), Y (2), Lu (3)) are prepared in high yield by salt metathesis reactions. Solution-phase and solid-state characterization of 1–3 by NMR and IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction reveals Ln←H–Si interactions. These features are retained in solvent-coordinated 2·Et 2O, 2·THF, and 3·THF. The change in spectroscopic features characterizing the secondary interactions (ν SiH, 1 J SiH) from the unactivated SiH in the silazane HN(SiHMe 2) tBu follows the trend 3 > 2 > 1 ≈ 2·Et 2O > 2·THF ≈ 3·THF. Ligand lability follows the same pattern, with Et 2O readily dissociating from 2·Et 2O while THF is displaced only during surface grafting reactions. 1 and 2·THF graft onto mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) to give Ln{N(SiHMe 2) tBu} n@MSN (Ln = Sc (1@MSN), Y (2@MSN)) along with THF and protonated silazido as HN(SiHMe 2) tBu and H 2N tBu. The surface species are characterized by multinuclear and multidimensional solid-state (SS) NMR spectroscopic techniques, as well as diffuse reflectance FTIR, elemental analysis, and reaction stoichiometry. A keymore » 1 J SiH SSNMR measurement reveals that the grafted sites most closely resemble Ln·THF adducts, suggesting that siloxane coordination occurs in grafted compounds. These species catalyze the hydroamination/bicyclization of aminodialkenes, and both solution-phase and interfacial conditions provide the bicyclized product with equivalent cis:trans ratios. As a result, similar diastereoselectivities mediated by catalytic sites under the two conditions suggest similar effective environments.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J-9244
Journal ID: ISSN 0276-7333
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Organometallics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0276-7333
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1349902