skip to main content


Title: Recent trends in binary and ternary rare-earth fluoride nanophosphors: How structural and physical properties influence optical behaviour

Rare-earth (RE) doped binary and ternary fluoride nanomaterials are currently receiving the highest attention as phosphor materials due to their potential for a wide range of photonic and biophotonic applications. This review article aims providing and introduction to the field and giving a critical overview about the latest developments in this fast evolving field. First, the underlying photoluminescence mechanisms like up- and downconversion (UC and DC), charge transfer (CT) and energy transfer (ET) between optically active trivalent RE ions are explained. Then, the influence of particle size and surface, shape and lattice strain, as well as the crystal phase of the host materials on the optical properties of rare earth based nanomaterias are illustrated. In addition, the effect of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) on the rare earth luminescence is discussed. In the following, different synthesis strategies which have been developed for tuning the crystal phase, shape, size, and morphology of the host nanomaterial are presented. The role of surface modification and functionalization for improving the luminescence intensity, stability, aqueous dispersity/dispersibility and biocompatibility of the materials is discussed. Lastly, photonic applications of RE-doped nanofluorides for energy efficient lighting, improved solar cells and biophotonic applications like photodynamic therapy, and biological detection techniquesmore » including in vivo and in vitro bioimaging are presented.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Dr. H. S. Gour Univ. (A Central Univ.), Madhya Pradesh (India)
  2. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2313; PII: S0022231316306603
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Luminescence
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 189; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-2313
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; rare-earths; rare-earth fluoride; luminescence; nanomaterials; photonics
OSTI Identifier: