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Title: Time-resolved correlative optical microscopy of charge-carrier transport, recombination, and space-charge fields in CdTe heterostructures

From time- and spatially resolved optical measurements, we show that extended defects can have a large effect on the charge-carrier recombination in II-VI semiconductors. In CdTe double heterostructures grown by molecular beam epitaxy on the InSb (100)-orientation substrates, we characterized the extended defects and found that near stacking faults the space-charge field extends by 2-5 μm. Charge carriers drift (with the space-charge field strength of 730-1,360 V cm -1) and diffuse (with the mobility of 260 ± 30 cm 2 V -1 s -1) toward the extended defects, where the minority-carrier lifetime is reduced from 560 ns to 0.25 ns. Furthermore, the extended defects are nonradiative recombination sinks that affect areas significantly larger than the typical crystalline grains in II-VI solar cells. From the correlative time-resolved photoluminescence and second-harmonic generation microscopy data, we developed a band-diagram model that can be used to analyze the impact of extended defects on solar cells and other electronic devices.
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Texas State Univ., San Marcos, TX (United States)
  3. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; TRN: US1700704
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; AC36-08-GO28308
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 110; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Solar Energy Technologies Office (EE-4S)
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; photoluminescence; second harmonic generation; heterojunctions; solar cells; charge carriers
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1348947