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Title: White paper on nuclear astrophysics and low energy nuclear physics Part 1: Nuclear astrophysics

This white paper informs the nuclear astrophysics community and funding agencies about the scientific directions and priorities of the field and provides input from this community for the 2015 Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It also summarizes the outcome of the nuclear astrophysics town meeting that was held on August 21–23, 2014 in College Station at the campus of Texas A&M University in preparation of the NSAC Nuclear Science Long Range Plan. It also reflects the outcome of an earlier town meeting of the nuclear astrophysics community organized by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics (JINA) on October 9–10, 2012 Detroit, Michigan, with the purpose of developing a vision for nuclear astrophysics in light of the recent NRC decadal surveys in nuclear physics (NP2010) and astronomy (ASTRO2010). Our white paper is informed informed by the town meeting of the Association of Research at University Nuclear Accelerators (ARUNA) that took place at the University of Notre Dame on June 12–13, 2014. In summary we find that nuclear astrophysics is a modern and vibrant field addressing fundamental science questions at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics. These questions relate to the origin of the elements, the nuclear engines that drive lifemore » and death of stars, and the properties of dense matter. A broad range of nuclear accelerator facilities, astronomical observatories, theory efforts, and computational capabilities are needed. Answers to long standing key questions are well within reach in the coming decade because of the developments outlined in this white paper.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10] ;  [11] ;  [12] ;  [13] ;  [3] ;  [14] ;  [15] ;  [16] ;  [17] more »;  [8] ;  [6] ;  [15] ;  [18] ;  [19] ;  [6] ;  [20] ;  [21] ;  [22] ;  [23] ;  [24] ;  [25] ;  [26] ;  [6] ;  [27] ;  [28] ;  [29] ;  [30] ;  [31] ;  [32] ;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [33] « less
  1. Technical Univ. of Darmstadt (Germany). Inst. of Nuclear Physics; GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research, Darmstadt (Germany); Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  2. Univ. of Notre Dame, IN (United States). Dept. of Physics and JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). National Center for Computational Sciences; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Physics Division
  6. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab. and Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  7. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  8. Univ. of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC (United States); Triangle Universities Nuclear Lab., Durham, NC (United States)
  9. INAF-IAPS, Roma (Italy)
  10. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  11. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). National Superconducting Cyclotron Lab. and Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  12. Max Planck Inst. for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching (Germany); Excellence Cluster Univ., Garching (Germany); Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  13. American Univ. of Beirut (Lebanon). Dept. of Physics
  14. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States). Dept. of Astronomy; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  15. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Physics; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  16. Univ. of Victoria, BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  17. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Physics Division; Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  18. Clemson Univ., SC (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  19. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Joint Inst. for Computational Sciences
  20. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Computational Mathematics, Science and Engineering; Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  21. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  22. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). National Nuclear Data Center
  23. Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Inst. for Nuclear Theory; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  24. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  25. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy and Cyclotron Inst.
  26. McGill Univ., Montreal, QC (Canada). Dept. of Physics
  27. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Physics Division
  28. Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  29. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Physics Division; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  30. NASA/GSFC, Greenbelt, MD (United States). X-ray Astrophysics Lab.
  31. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States). School of Earth and Space Exploration; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
  32. Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  33. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Joint Inst. for Nuclear Astrophysics Center for the Evolution of the Elements (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-113703-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0146-6410; TRN: US1701076
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704; NA0003180
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0146-6410
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); The Regents of the Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Nuclear Science and Security Consortium
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Nuclear astrophysics; White paper; Nucleosynthesis
OSTI Identifier:
1349572
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1405173