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Title: Enhancement of β-phase in PVDF films embedded with ferromagnetic Gd 5Si 4 nanoparticles for piezoelectric energy harvesting

Self-polarized Gd5Si4-polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) nanocomposite films have been synthesized via a facile phase-inversion technique. For the 5 wt% Gd 5Si 4-PVDF films, the enhancement of the piezoelectric β-phase and crystallinity are confirmed using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy (phase fraction, FβFβ, of 81% as compared to 49% for pristine PVDF) and differential scanning calorimetry (crystallinity, ΔXcΔXc, of 58% as compared to 46% for pristine PVDF), respectively. The Gd5Si4 magnetic nanoparticles, prepared using high-energy ball milling were characterized using Dynamic Light Scattering and Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM) to reveal a particle size of ~470 nm with a high magnetization of 11 emu/g. The VSM analysis of free-standing Gd5Si4-PVDF films revealed that while the pristine PVDF membrane shows weak diamagnetic behavior, the Gd5Si4-PVDF films loaded at 2.5 wt% and 5 wt% Gd 5Si 4 show enhanced ferromagnetic behavior with paramagnetic contribution from Gd5Si3 phase. The interfacial interactions between Gd5Si4 and PVDF results in the preferential crystallization of the β-phase as confirmed via the shift in the CH 2 asymmetric and symmetric stretching vibrations in the FTIR. These results confirm the magnetic Gd 5Si 4 nanoparticles embedded in the PVDF membrane lead to an increased β-phase fraction, which paves the way for futuremore » efficient energy harvesting applications using a combination of magnetic and piezoelectric effects.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond, VA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Bolton, (United Kngdom)
  3. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States)
  4. Ames Lab., Ames, IA (United States); Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
IS-J 9345
Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226; AAIDBI
Grant/Contract Number:
Published Article
Journal Name:
AIP Advances
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2158-3226
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1368050; OSTI ID: 1421284