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Title: Drifts, currents, and power scrape-off width in SOLPS-ITER modeling of DIII-D

The effects of drifts and associated flows and currents on the width of the parallel heat flux channel (λ q) in the tokamak scrape-off layer (SOL) are analyzed using the SOLPS-ITER 2D fluid transport code. Motivation is supplied by Goldston’s heuristic drift (HD) model for λ q, which yields the same approximately inverse poloidal magnetic field dependence seen in multi-machine regression. The analysis, focusing on a DIII-D H-mode discharge, reveals HD-like features, including comparable density and temperature fall-off lengths in the SOL, and up-down ion pressure asymmetry that allows net cross-separatrix ion magnetic drift flux to exceed net anomalous ion flux. In experimentally relevant high-recycling cases, scans of both toroidal and poloidal magnetic field (B tor and B pol) are conducted, showing minimal λ q dependence on either component of the field. Insensitivity to B tor is expected, and suggests that SOLPS-ITER is effectively capturing some aspects of HD physics. Absence of λ q dependence on B pol, however, is inconsistent with both the HD model and experimental results. As a result, the inconsistency is attributed to strong variation in the parallel Mach number, which violates one of the premises of the HD model.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  3. Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic Univ., St. Petersburg (Russia)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0010434.
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Materials and Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2352-1791
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States); Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Contributing Orgs:
College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187, USA
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Power scrape-off width; SOLPS-ITER; Drift effects; SOL flows
OSTI Identifier:
1349231

Meier, E. T., Goldston, R. J., Kaveeva, E. G., Makowski, M. A., Mordijck, S., Rozhansky, V. A., Senichenkov, I. Yu., and Voskoboynikov, S. P.. Drifts, currents, and power scrape-off width in SOLPS-ITER modeling of DIII-D. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2016.12.016.
Meier, E. T., Goldston, R. J., Kaveeva, E. G., Makowski, M. A., Mordijck, S., Rozhansky, V. A., Senichenkov, I. Yu., & Voskoboynikov, S. P.. Drifts, currents, and power scrape-off width in SOLPS-ITER modeling of DIII-D. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2016.12.016.
Meier, E. T., Goldston, R. J., Kaveeva, E. G., Makowski, M. A., Mordijck, S., Rozhansky, V. A., Senichenkov, I. Yu., and Voskoboynikov, S. P.. 2016. "Drifts, currents, and power scrape-off width in SOLPS-ITER modeling of DIII-D". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nme.2016.12.016. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1349231.
@article{osti_1349231,
title = {Drifts, currents, and power scrape-off width in SOLPS-ITER modeling of DIII-D},
author = {Meier, E. T. and Goldston, R. J. and Kaveeva, E. G. and Makowski, M. A. and Mordijck, S. and Rozhansky, V. A. and Senichenkov, I. Yu. and Voskoboynikov, S. P.},
abstractNote = {The effects of drifts and associated flows and currents on the width of the parallel heat flux channel (λq) in the tokamak scrape-off layer (SOL) are analyzed using the SOLPS-ITER 2D fluid transport code. Motivation is supplied by Goldston’s heuristic drift (HD) model for λq, which yields the same approximately inverse poloidal magnetic field dependence seen in multi-machine regression. The analysis, focusing on a DIII-D H-mode discharge, reveals HD-like features, including comparable density and temperature fall-off lengths in the SOL, and up-down ion pressure asymmetry that allows net cross-separatrix ion magnetic drift flux to exceed net anomalous ion flux. In experimentally relevant high-recycling cases, scans of both toroidal and poloidal magnetic field (Btor and Bpol) are conducted, showing minimal λq dependence on either component of the field. Insensitivity to Btor is expected, and suggests that SOLPS-ITER is effectively capturing some aspects of HD physics. Absence of λq dependence on Bpol, however, is inconsistent with both the HD model and experimental results. As a result, the inconsistency is attributed to strong variation in the parallel Mach number, which violates one of the premises of the HD model.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nme.2016.12.016},
journal = {Nuclear Materials and Energy},
number = C,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}