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Title: A single-pixel X-ray imager concept and its application to secure radiographic inspections

Imaging technology is generally considered too invasive for arms control inspections due to the concern that it cannot properly secure sensitive features of the inspected item. But, this same sensitive information, which could include direct information on the form and function of the items under inspection, could be used for robust arms control inspections. The single-pixel X-ray imager (SPXI) is introduced as a method to make such inspections, capturing the salient spatial information of an object in a secure manner while never forming an actual image. We built this method on the theory of compressive sensing and the single pixel optical camera. The performance of the system is quantified using simulated inspections of simple objects. Measures of the robustness and security of the method are introduced and used to determine how robust and secure such an inspection would be. Particularly, it is found that an inspection with low noise (<1%) and high undersampling (>256×) exhibits high robustness and security.
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; PII: S0168900217303650
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830; NA-22
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 861; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
Country of Publication:
United States
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; compressive sensing; radiography; arms control
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1397795