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Title: Liquid explosions induced by X-ray laser pulses

Abstract

Explosions are spectacular and intriguing phenomena that expose the dynamics of matter under extreme conditions. We investigated, using time-resolved imaging, explosions induced by ultraintense X-ray laser pulses in water drops and jets. Our observations revealed an explosive vaporization followed by high-velocity interacting flows of liquid and vapour, and by the generation of shock trains in the liquid jets. These flows are different from those previously observed in laser ablation, owing to a simpler spatial pattern of X-ray absorption. We show that the explosion dynamics in our experiments is consistent with a redistribution of absorbed energy, mediated by a pressure or shock wave in the liquid, and we model the effects of explosions, including their adverse impact on X-ray laser experiments. As a result, X-ray laser explosions have predictable dynamics that may prove useful for controlling the state of pure liquids over broad energy scales and timescales, and for triggering pressure-sensitive molecular dynamics in solutions.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [2];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [4] more »;  [5];  [2] « less
  1. Stanford PULSE Institute, Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
  4. Max-Planck-Institut fur medizinische Forschung, Heidelberg (Germany)
  5. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1348847
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1745-2473
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group (NPG)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; fluid dynamics; laser material processing; ultrafast photonics; X-rays

Citation Formats

Stan, Claudiu A., Milathianaki, Despina, Laksmono, Hartawan, Sierra, Raymond G., McQueen, Trevor A., Messerschmidt, Marc, Williams, Garth J., Koglin, Jason E., Lane, Thomas J., Hayes, Matt J., Guillet, Serge A. H., Liang, Mengning, Aquila, Andrew L., Willmott, Philip R., Robinson, Joseph S., Gumerlock, Karl L., Botha, Sabine, Nass, Karol, Schlichting, Ilme, Shoeman, Robert L., Stone, Howard A., and Boutet, Sébastien. Liquid explosions induced by X-ray laser pulses. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1038/NPHYS3779.
Stan, Claudiu A., Milathianaki, Despina, Laksmono, Hartawan, Sierra, Raymond G., McQueen, Trevor A., Messerschmidt, Marc, Williams, Garth J., Koglin, Jason E., Lane, Thomas J., Hayes, Matt J., Guillet, Serge A. H., Liang, Mengning, Aquila, Andrew L., Willmott, Philip R., Robinson, Joseph S., Gumerlock, Karl L., Botha, Sabine, Nass, Karol, Schlichting, Ilme, Shoeman, Robert L., Stone, Howard A., & Boutet, Sébastien. Liquid explosions induced by X-ray laser pulses. United States. doi:10.1038/NPHYS3779.
Stan, Claudiu A., Milathianaki, Despina, Laksmono, Hartawan, Sierra, Raymond G., McQueen, Trevor A., Messerschmidt, Marc, Williams, Garth J., Koglin, Jason E., Lane, Thomas J., Hayes, Matt J., Guillet, Serge A. H., Liang, Mengning, Aquila, Andrew L., Willmott, Philip R., Robinson, Joseph S., Gumerlock, Karl L., Botha, Sabine, Nass, Karol, Schlichting, Ilme, Shoeman, Robert L., Stone, Howard A., and Boutet, Sébastien. Mon . "Liquid explosions induced by X-ray laser pulses". United States. doi:10.1038/NPHYS3779. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1348847.
@article{osti_1348847,
title = {Liquid explosions induced by X-ray laser pulses},
author = {Stan, Claudiu A. and Milathianaki, Despina and Laksmono, Hartawan and Sierra, Raymond G. and McQueen, Trevor A. and Messerschmidt, Marc and Williams, Garth J. and Koglin, Jason E. and Lane, Thomas J. and Hayes, Matt J. and Guillet, Serge A. H. and Liang, Mengning and Aquila, Andrew L. and Willmott, Philip R. and Robinson, Joseph S. and Gumerlock, Karl L. and Botha, Sabine and Nass, Karol and Schlichting, Ilme and Shoeman, Robert L. and Stone, Howard A. and Boutet, Sébastien},
abstractNote = {Explosions are spectacular and intriguing phenomena that expose the dynamics of matter under extreme conditions. We investigated, using time-resolved imaging, explosions induced by ultraintense X-ray laser pulses in water drops and jets. Our observations revealed an explosive vaporization followed by high-velocity interacting flows of liquid and vapour, and by the generation of shock trains in the liquid jets. These flows are different from those previously observed in laser ablation, owing to a simpler spatial pattern of X-ray absorption. We show that the explosion dynamics in our experiments is consistent with a redistribution of absorbed energy, mediated by a pressure or shock wave in the liquid, and we model the effects of explosions, including their adverse impact on X-ray laser experiments. As a result, X-ray laser explosions have predictable dynamics that may prove useful for controlling the state of pure liquids over broad energy scales and timescales, and for triggering pressure-sensitive molecular dynamics in solutions.},
doi = {10.1038/NPHYS3779},
journal = {Nature Physics},
number = 10,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

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